16 AFRICA Tuesday, June 7 2017 | NEW ERA The battle to run the ‘kingdom in the sky’ For the third time in three years, voters in Lesotho are electing a new government. The snap poll was called for 3 June after Prime Minister Pakalitha Mosisili lost a confidence motion in parliament in March. For the past five years, Mosisili has been locked in a power struggle with his bitter rival Tom Thabane. And the country’s political landscape has proved just as uneven as the famously mountainous terrain of the country known as the “kingdom in the sky”. Lesotho at a glance Lesotho is an enclave completely surrounded by South Africa and the economy is heavily dependent on remittances from its only neighbour. It is one of three constitutional monarchies in Africa, although executive power is exercised by the government, led by the prime minister. More than two-thirds of the country is covered by mountainous terrain, with many areas accessible only by horseback or light aircraft. This makes elections difficult to arrange and administer. Elections in 2012 and 2015 produced no clear winner, prompting the formation of sprawling coalition governments, both of which collapsed. So why another election? Mosisili and Thabane are political veterans, both in their 70s. Incumbent Prime Minister Mosisili came out on top in a tight contest in February 2015, and governed as the head of a seven-party coalition. He overturned an alliance led by Mr Thabane which consisted of no less than 12 political parties. In late 2016, Mosisili fell out with his deputy Monyane Moleleki, who later left the ruling Democratic Congress (DC) and joined the opposition coalition, depriving the prime minister of his majority. But Mosisili refused to step down and instead advised King Letsie III to call a ST. MARY’S ODIBO HAIGH SCHOOL VACANCIES fresh election. Who will win? The DC party has entered into an election pact with two other parties; the Lesotho Congress for Democracy (LCD) and the Popular Front for Democracy (PFD). They face a loose four-party alliance led by Thabane’s All Basotho Convention (ABC). The opposition coalition has been beset by infighting in the lead-up to the poll. In contrast, Mosisili’s alliance has remained steadfast, choosing to field only one candidate per constituency. However, Mr Mosisili draws most of his support from remote rural areas, and the winter weather may prevent them from reaching polling centres. Will the army intervene? Lesotho has a history of political instability, particularly military intervention in the political process. In 1998, allegations of electoral fraud led to violence and a mutiny among some troops, which prompted military intervention from the Southern African Development Community (SADC). As tensions died down, the country enjoyed a period of relative stability for several years. But tensions arose again in June 2014, when then Prime Minister Thabane suspended parliament for nine months to scupper a confidence vote that is likely to have seen him removed from office. The struggle between Thabane and Mosisili has also played out in the higher echelons of the military, with both men appointing allies to run the Lesotho Defence Forces (LDF). The Lesotho Times recently reported that the army had asked the commissioner of lands to make 22 areas available to the army to be “used for the foreseeable security threat and security purposes”. The LDF has denied that it is planning to intervene if the incumbent government is not returned. –BBC The above –mentioned school invites qualified, competent and dedicated teachers to apply for the following vacancies: 1. Agriculture & Biology (8-12) x 1 2. Entrepreneurship (8-12) x 1 3. English (8-12) x 1 4. Physical Science & Mathematics (8-12) x 1 Minimum Requirements: Bachelor of Education (B. Ed) or Equivalent The following documents should be submitted: • Government application form. • Heath questionnaire. • Certified copies of academic and professional qualifications. • Two recent testimonials (not older than one year.) • Proof of nationality. Due date: 27 June 2017 Send the Application to: The Principal, P.O. Box 2060, Oshikango Or to the office of the Inspector of Education, Ohangwena Circuit Enquiries: Mr. Tukondjeleni Gabriel, 065 267788 NB: Faxed applications will not be considered! Only shortlisted candidates will be invited for the interviews. EU to give 50m euros to new African fighting force The European Union has agreed to give more than 50m euros to fund a new African joint military force in the Sahel region. The force will be made up of troops from Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Burkina Faso and Niger, known as the Sahel G-5. Its main mission will be to combat jihadist groups active in the region, as well as tackle trafficking networks and illegal migration. The Sahel is home to many Islamist groups, some aligned with al-Qaeda. More than 3,000 French troops and 12,000 UN troops have been engaged in Mali since 2013, when Islamist and Tuareg militants led an West African regional group Ecowas has in principle approved Morocco’s membership application despite the country being in North Africa, but Ecowas leaders meeting in Liberia said the implications of its membership still needed to be considered before Morocco could formally join. King Mohammed VI was not at the summit because Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu had been invited. Morocco’s application comes after it rejoined the African Union in January. Morocco left the continental body in 1984 after it recognised the independence of Western Sahara. Morocco regards Western Sahara as part of its historic territory and has spent much of the last three decades trying to strengthen ties with Europe at the expense of relations with Africa. Ivory Coast President Alasanne Ouattara has confirmed that the decision had been agreed in principle but the details still had to be worked out. Morocco, along with Tunisia which is seeking observer status with the organisation and Mauritania, which wants to return to the body, insurgency in the north of the country. The militants were pushed out but they have continued to mount sporadic assaults on peacekeepers in northern and central regions. The UN peacekeeping mission is one of the UN’s most dangerous in decades, with more than 115 peacekeepers killed in four years. The violence has spilled over the border into Burkina Faso and Ivory Coast, with tourists targeted in recent years. “Stability and development of the Sahel region are crucial not only for Africa but also for Europe,” EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini said on Monday in the Mali capital, Bamako. Mali’s Foreign Minister Abdoulaye Diop announced on Monday that the new force would have some 10,000 soldiers and police officers and become operational by the end of the year. – BBC Ecowas agrees to admit Morocco to West African body SA heartbreak as rescued circus lions poisoned Poached… Jose and Liso had suffered a life of abuse according to ADI. Photo: BBC ENVIRONMENTAL SCOPING ASSESSMENT NOTICE TO ALL INTERESTED AND AFFECTED PARTIES Notice is hereby given to Interested and Affected Parties (I&APs) that an application will be made to the Environmental Commissioner in terms of the Environmental Management Act (7 of 2007) and the Environmental Impact Assessment Regulations (GN. No. 30 of 6 February 2012) as follows: Proponent: Makalani Bricks & Sand cc Environmental Assessment Practitioner: Urban Green cc Project Name: Existing Sand Mining Activity in the Okahandja River and Brick Manufacturing on Portion 331, Okahandja. Project Location: Sand is mined from the Okahandja River adjacent to Portion 331 of the Okahandja Town and Townlands Project Description: Sand is mined from the Okahandja River. Bricks are manufactured at a facility on Portion 331, Okahandja Registration of I&APs and Submission of Comments: In line with the above mentioned legislation, all I&APs are hereby invited to register and submit their comments / concerns / questions (to be done in writing) to the office of Urban Green cc via the details given below. Information on the proposed project is available from the Urban Green cc office. DEADLINE FOR REGISTRATION AND SUBMISSION OF COMMENTS IS 28 JUNE 2017. CONTACT: Sheldon Husselmann / Tel: 061-300 820 / Fax: 061–401 294 / email: firstname.lastname@example.org URBAN GREEN ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT CONSULTANTS will be invited to the next meeting of heads of state in Togo in December, a senior Ecowas source told the BBC. Rival bodyguards ‘clash’ Ecowas is made up of 15 West African nations, none of which shares a border with Morocco. Members enjoy free trade and movement of people. King Mohammed VI last week announced he would not be attending the summit in Liberia, because of the presence of Israel’s prime minister. Morocco does not have diplomatic ties with Israel. Netanyahu addressed West African leaders on Sunday, saying: “Israel is coming back to Africa and Africa is coming back to Israel. “I believe in Africa. I believe in its potential, present and future. It is a continent on the rise.” While in Liberia for the summit, his bodyguards scuffled with those of Togo’s President Faure Gnassingbe, according to reports in Israeli media. This trip comes nearly a year after Netanyahu was in East Africa as part of his efforts to strengthen ties between the continent and Israel. – BBC Two lions rescued from circuses in South America and relocated to South Africa have been killed by poachers. Animal Defenders International (ADI) which helped move 33 lions last year, including José and Liso, says it might offer a reward for information. The lions’ heads, skins, tails and feet were removed, prompting suspicions that they were killed for ritual purposes. The crime is currently being investigated by South Africa’s police and anti-poaching units. ADI head Jan Creamer said she was heartbroken over the killings. “José and Liso had suffered a terrible life of abuse but their new life in Africa had given them a new lease of life,” the group said in a statement. José had suffered brain damage from blows to the head in the circus, it said. The lions had been living at the Emoya Big Cat Sanctuary, inside a 5,000-hectare private farm in the northern Limpopo province. ADI says it has placed rescued animals in sanctuaries in South Africa for 21 years and this is the first such incident. – BBC
Tuesday, June 7 2017 | NEW ERA WORLD 17 Philippine militants ‘stockpiled food and weapons’ Islamist militants who have overrun parts of the Philippine city of Marawi have prepared for a long siege, officials said. Security forces have been trying to flush out the gunmen since they attacked the city two weeks ago. The militants are hiding in tunnels and basements with stockpiles of food and weapons, military officials said. The conflict has killed at least 170 people, including 20 civilians, and more than 180,000 residents have fled. Hundreds of civilians are believed to still be trapped with few supplies. The government, which has been conducting airstrikes, had earlier claimed it had “made gains” in the battle, but has yet to fully retake the city. Senior military officials told reporters that they believed the militants were hiding in an extensive network of underground shelters, built years ago. “There are underground tunnels and basements that even a 500-pounder (bomb) cannot destroy,” said Maj Gen Carlito Galvez, head of the military command in the Western Mindanao region. Government and military estimates on the number of militants left in Marawi have ranged from 40 to 200. In other developments: The Philippine government has denied claims that its soldiers were looting Marawi, saying that troops had handed in more than 79m Philippine pesos (£1.2m, .6m) in cash and cheques found in a house used by militants. President Rodrigo Duterte has increased the bounties for top militant leaders Isnilon Hapilon and the Maute brothers, with a total of 27.4m pesos now offered for their “neutralisation”. The US is offering a separate m bounty for Hapilon. The US is supplying weapons, including machine guns and grenade launchers, to the Philippines which has said they will go to soldiers fighting in Marawi. Officials had said that foreign nationals were among the militants in Marawi, but the list of countries now includes Saudi Arabia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Yemen, India and Chechnya. The militants were also apparently well-prepared for a possible siege, and had placed supplies in mosques and religious schools - which are off-limits for air strikes - days before seizing the city, said officials. Military spokesman Lt Col Joar Herrera said these buildings contained at least a month’s worth of food, as well as weapons such as machine guns. The gunman had also collected ammunition and provisions from the city after ransacking Marawi’s jail and armouries, said presidential spokesman Ernesto Abella who was quoted in The Philippine Inquirer. When the conflict first broke out, officials had said fighters from the Maute group, linked to the so-called Islamic State, stormed the city after an attempt by Philippine troops to capture Hapilon. The Maute group is named after founders and leaders Abdullah and Omar Maute. –BBC Qatar flight ban begins as Gulf crisis grows Egypt is closing its airspace to Qatari planes in a growing diplomatic row, with Saudi Arabia and Bahrain expected to do the same on Tuesday. Several countries have cut ties with Qatar, accusing it of supporting terrorism in the Gulf region. Qatari nationals in Bahrain, Saudi Arabia and the UAE have been given two weeks to leave. Qatar denies backing militants and its foreign minister has called for “a dialogue of openness and honesty”. Egypt said it was closing off its airspace to Qatar from 04:00 GMT on Tuesday “until further notice.” Travel disruption is expected as the airport in Doha, Qatar’s capital, is a major hub for international flight connections. Airlines affected will include Qatar Airways, Etihad Airways and Emirates. When avoiding the massive neighbour to the west, Saudi Arabia, Qatari planes will inevitably have to take longer routes leading to longer flight times. But Qatar’s Foreign Minister, Sheikh Mohammed Bin Abdulrahman al-Thani, told broadcaster Al Jazeera the country would “still have access to the world through international sea lanes and international airspace”. An anonymous Somali official told AP news agency at least 15 Qatar Airways flights had used Somalia’s airspace on Monday, many more than on a normal day. Who has done what? The states who joined the move against Qatar, a tiny but gas-rich peninsula, on Monday include some of the biggest powers in the Arab world. Saudi Arabia, Bahrain and the UAE closed all transport ties by air, land and sea to Qatar. They gave all Qatari visitors and residents two weeks to leave their territory, and banned their citizens from travelling to Qatar. The UAE and Egypt expelled Qatari diplomats, giving them 48 hours to leave. Saudi Arabia closed down a local office of Al Jazeera but said Qatari citizens would still be allowed to take part in the annual Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca. Egypt, Yemen, Libya’s eastern-based government and the Maldives later followed suit in severing diplomatic ties. In a country reliant on imported food, residents began to stockpile. AFP news agency said queues in one shop were 25 people deep. This small state is dependent on imported food. A substantial amount of it is transported across the border from Saudi Arabia, which is being closed. That is also an important route for construction materials - needed for the energy industry and for the preparations for the 2022 football world cup. Qatar’s exports are dominated by oil and gas. They are mostly seaborne, so should not be immediately hit, but the general economic disruption could have an impact if the dispute drags on. That possibility pushed the price of crude oil higher, but only briefly. Qatar is a member of the exporters’ group Opec and the dispute could yet undermine the organisation’s efforts to raise prices by restricting production. –BBC US diplomat in China quits ‘over Trump climate change policy’ A top diplomat at the US embassy in Beijing has stepped down, apparently because he disagreed with President Donald Trump’s climate change policy. The State Department said Deputy Chief of Mission David Rank had resigned. US media outlets reported he stepped down over Trump’s controversial announcement last week that the US was withdrawing from the Paris agreement. The decision, which Trump said would protect the US economy, was met with much rancour worldwide. Rank reportedly told embassy staff at a meeting that he was directed to present a formal notification of the US decision to Chinese authorities, and that he could not defend that decision. The New York Times quoted unnamed friends of Rank as saying he was deeply frustrated about the US policy toward China, particularly regarding climate change. The State Department said in a statement that “Rank made a personal decision. We appreciate his years of dedicated service.” It added that the embassy’s economics councillor Jonathan Fritz would now serve in his place. Rank, who was appointed in January 2016, was effectively the top US diplomat in China as he was also the acting ambassador. Terry Branstad, who was selected by Trump for the post, fills that position later this month. Rank joined the department in 1990 and had previously served in Afghanistan, Taiwan, Greece and Mauritius, according to his profile page which was still on the Beijing embassy›s website as of Tuesday. Mr Trump provoked widespread condemnation when he announced the withdrawal from the Paris deal, where countries voluntarily agree to cut emissions and support poorer nations to adapt to climate change. During his election campaign, he had claimed that climate change was a hoax. The US ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley has since said that Trump “believes in climate change” and that the US “has to be responsible for it.” –BBC extension for request for expression of interest RESOURCE POOL: EoI No: 01/2016-2017 The Namibia Institute of Public Administration and Management (NIPAM) is a Public Enterprise established by the Namibia Institute of Public Administration Act, (Act No. 10 of 2010). It is mandated to transform the Public Sector of Namibia into an effective, efficient and accountable management and administration system through training, operational research, consultancy, capacity evaluation and strategic partnerships. Therefore, in line with the Cabinet decision No. 19th/07.11.16/033, NIPAM hereby invites current qualified and experienced individuals from the Offices, Ministries, Agencies, Regional Councils, Local Authorities and Public Enterprises to express interest and become members of its Resource Pool in rendering NIPAM with the following services: • Instructional design and development of training materials; • Facilitation / Training delivery • Research; and • Consultancy. Requirements: • At least minimum of five (5) years of experience in the Public Sector working at that level or higher; • Functional-specific knowledge of central government, regional and local government and public enterprises; • An applicant member should have obtained an accredited qualification(s) (at least an applicable degree (NQF 7), honours (NQF8), a Masters (NQF9) and PhD (NQF10) depending on the nature and level of the programme) in which he/she would be first as a resource person; and • Be willing to learn, and / or have the appropriate experience in facilitating adult learning. Individuals still serving will recieve a honouriam fee and retired individuals will be paid a remunuration fee. All payments will be paid according to NIPAM's policies for the remuneration of resource persons and based on the type of work performed. Document Availability The Expression of Interest documents are available at NIPAM: Ground Floor, Procurement Office (55), NIPAM Building, erf 27, Paul Nash Street – Olympia. A fee of N0.00 will be payable for receipt of key documents such as the curricula and the application form. NIPAM’s banking details can be requested via e-mail. The EOI number and the applicant’s surname shall be used as reference number when making payments. All documents must be handed in, in hard copy to the procurement office. Enquires: Ms. Victoria Shikudule Telephone: 061-296 4700 or email@example.com Closing Date: Friday the 30th of June 2017 at 12:00 Individuals who previous applied need not reapply, this extension is for those who did not apply the first time.