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New Era Newspaper Friday April 6, 2018

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Friday, April 6 2018 | NEW ERA 22 entertainment ARTS • Chris Giles Ben Enwonwu etched himself into Nigerian history. His painting of a Yoruba princess in “Tutu” is considered a national masterpiece, with copies of it hanging in Nigerian homes across the country. To much speculation, the sought-after original was lost for over 40 years. The renowned Nigerian author, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, told BBC’s Radio 4 in 2013: “This particular painting “Tutu,” the print, hung on every wall, of every middle class family in eastern Nigeria when I was growing up.” So when the famous portrait was recently and sold at auction for about Nm (.6 million) (February 28) -- four times its estimated price, it sparked huge interest in the art world and amongst buyers in Nigeria -- many had set up shop in a hotel in Lagos to make live bids. A story of a lost artwork and the exorbitant price these sort of pieces sell for is always likely to capture interest and imaginations. Because of the history of stolen and looted art from Africa, its reappearance also raises eyebrows for some in the art community. Nigerian visual artist, Victor Ehikhamenor, said to CNN: “How did this work get to where it is?” Bonham’s auction house told CNN the previous owners father bought it, and before then it was last seen in 1975 at the Italian Cultural Institute in Nigeria. However, the story of the man himself goes beyond this story and the record breaking price (for a Nigerian modern artist) his artwork sold for. Enwonwu navigated the world’s between British and Nigerian royalty. At the same time, his works, according to West African art expert Saxophonist Suzy Eises and songstress Sally Boss Madam are topping the Namibia Annual Music Awards (NAMAs) nominees list for the 2018 awards each with six nominations. Just like last year, nominees continue to be dominated by newcomers, continuing to bring a fresh look to the music industry and showing that the industry is growing. This exciting to see a hard working and a unique artist in the NAMAs, despite her massive performances at a previous event. She is sparkly event since artists in Namibia don’t get that much exposure, compared to other countries. “It’s good for me to get an opportunity like this. I want to inspire everybody to continue doing what they do best,” says Suzy adding that she want to win but not for money but to support her businesses and fund her musical career. It was again a sigh of relief for the Sylvester Ogbechie, became used in popular black liberation movements. Enwonwu is most revered for his paintings, but always referred to himself as a sculpture. Basically, his life was complex. But as Ogbechie said to CNN: “He refused to be typecast as an African woodcarver.” In essence, Enwonwu African artist. The reception and viewing of the work of Ben Enwonwu in the Daily Mirror building in 1961. As well as paint and sculpt, the challenges facing African artists. In a essay written in 1956, he penned his thoughts: “(The African artist) faces the humiliation of having to listen to lectures on African art in foreign art galleries and museums. “He visits foreign museums in order to see a collection of the art of his own country, and very often he is shown round the museum by in the NAMAs after more than ten years in business. They were nominated in the category of Best Du/Group and in category of Best Afro Pop. One of the best musicians in the country, The Dogg, continues to be unlucky, as he was again not nominated in any of the category for his latest album titled Concrete Jungle, despite winning many accolades in the past. The Warakata hit maker band, One categories. Warakata has been making wave since last year, and it was one of the most played song, especially last year. NAMAs executive committee member, Tim Ekandjo, says 978 entries were received for the 2018 event, highest number since 2011. But only 115 artists were nominated in 24 categories, with thrive on our principles of integrity, consistency and transparency and that has been the main reason why we have been so successful to date,” says Ekandjo. European curators (page 178).” In the spirit of the French Negritude movement (1930-50s), an attempt by African and Caribbean artists to promote the work of black people and history, Enwonwu believed in an international contemporary African art. He acknowledged that there were barriers preventing African artists playing a central role in their practice, being often pigeon-holed and expected to produce traditional ethnographic, not modern and global, African art. Work of art by Nigerian artist Benedict Enwonwu entitled “Islamic Cleric.” While Enwonwu railed against the art culture at the time, his training was in established elite institutions. He was classically taught at the Slade School of Fine Art in London and attended Oxford University. Enwonwu quickly rose to international notoriety. “He African artists to achieve global fame,” Ogbechie, who has written a book on Enwonwu’s life, told CNN. sculptures and paintings. Enwonwu painted with watercolors and carved “You have to understand how important his fame was in the 1950s. Enwonwu was so famous that his successes were inserted into black struggles across the globe. African Americans were very much enamoured by the artist,” Ogbechie said. Enwonwu’s was also part of the modernist art movement of the midcentury. This year all genres will receive N,000. In addition the Best Newcomer will receive N,000 worth of studio time to record a new album with the Nautilus Studios at the Swakopmund Dome, a state of the art Best Album and Song of the Year will receive N,000, and Best Male and Female will receive a cool N0,000 each. Ekandjo adds that the total cash sponsorship is N,440 000 00 compared to the N.6 million of last year. MTC’s cash contribution this year is N.4 million in cash, while that of the Namibian Broadcasting Cooperation (NBC) is N.5 million in broadcasting, bringing the total combined cash and in kind sponsorships to N$ 13,940,000 for this year. This year event will take place at the Dome Indoor Sport Centre in Swakopmund on April 28. “He’s a modern artist who got training as a modern artist and moved in modernist art circles. He was very much interested in producing an artwork that framed the condition of modernity,” Ogbechie said. But his style was varied and mixed. “His early work is quite illustrative. Then later on it became a bit more broad and impressionistic. Some of his works from the 60s almost have a slightly cubist feel,” Giles Peppiett, an expert in African art at Bonhams auction house in London, told CNN. His sitters included British royalty of the highest order. “One of his most famous portraits was a bronze he did of her Majesty the Queen,” Peppiett said. Nigerian painter and sculptor Ben Enwonwu’s famous work entitled “Tutu.” Enwonwu made an impact in works would be seen in his home country Nigeria. In the 1970s, Enwonwu was an Igbo artist living in a country reeling from a civil war that witnessed an estimated one to three million deaths. The Biafra movement, mainly made-up of Igbo people in southeastern Nigeria, fought to secede from Nigeria between 1967-70. The pro-Biafrans lost the war. society that Enwonwu, an Igbo, painted a Yoruba Ile-Ife princess, part of one of Nigeria’s other major groups, in the aftermath of the war. “It came from a time when Nigeria was fresh from the dramatic effects of the civil war and we were trying to reunite the country -- so it was AWARDS very important,” Enwonwu’s son Oliver told CNN. The Nigerian state proceeded to initiate a reconciliation programme to try to heal divisions. “One of the things they wanted to start doing is to show Igbo people they are being reconstituted into the national body” Ogbechie said. “The Tutu paintings were absolutely vital to the process of national reconciliation In the early 1970s, Enwonwu subsequently became a professor of art at the University of Ife, an academic centre for the Yoruba people. It turns out that Enwonwu’s legacy has lasted the test of time just as the tensions in southeastern Nigeria have. Some, like Biafran separatist leader Nnamdi Kanu, continue to call for a new state. The artistic work, though, did contribute to the growth of Nigerian art that continues to the present day. “He gave respectability to art,” Oliver A new generation of African artists Ben Enwonwu made being an not least his son who heads up the Omenka Gallery in Lagos. “I grew up smelling the oil paints and watching him chip away at blocks of wood. It was something which had been ingrained in my very fabric,” Oliver Enwonwu certainly left his mark on history. “He legitimised the idea of the artist as a viable practice among the Nigerian population,” Ogbechie Ehikhamenor thought the recent auction was positive for the visibility of African art, but showed the inequity that still exists: “When you look at when he was practicing there are other artists which are not African, that are not Nigerian, that are not black whose works have sold twice, three, four times what we are talking Enwonwu’s work reached Nigerian society and future generations of artists, but, according to Ogbechie who knew him personally, he was a “I managed to persuade him to attend some openings and he was very shocked by how deferential everybody was to him. He said he So who was Enwonwu? Perhaps, a quietly doubting, groundbreaking in Nigeria.” Enwonwu said. artist a respectable profession. contemporary artists in Nigeria, said. said. Contemporary Nigerian Artist about now.” recluse. thought everybody hated him,” Ogbechie told CNN. African artist.

Friday, April 6 2018 | NEW ERA Hair food entertainment 23 29 Hair moisturisers that contain nourishing ingredients such as olive and coconut oil that are good for maintaining healthy hair. However, products are only a fraction of what your hair needs to grow naturally. Eating the right sustenance will provide healthy hair. So here are some of the best options when it comes to hair food. Eggs Your hair’s outer layer (keratin) is made up of protein. Eggs are regarded as a complete source of protein, they also contain biotin, which helps to thicken your tresses. Popularly eaten for breakfast, you can have your eggs boiled, scrambled or sunny side up. Oats An ideal choice for a healthy breakfast, oats have vitamin B, giving your hair a healthy shiny appearance. Oats also contain high amounts of minerals that help to grow your hair. Another preferred breakfast meal, oats taste delicious with milk, sugar or topped with diced fruit. Broccoli MOVIES This green vegetable is rich in iron and helps to maintain healthy blood supply to your hair follicles. It also has vitamin A, vitamin C and calcium, nutrients that your hair needs. Have some steamed broccoli for dinner as a side dish or mix it with in a vegetable stew. Salmon Oil is essential for vibrant hair. Salmon is a good source of omega-3 fatty acids, natural oils that moisturise your hair and scalp. It also contains selenium which strengthens hair. Look for fresh, wild caught varieties, remember to de-bone the salmon before eating it. Cucumber For strong, supple hair, eat cucumbers because they contain a substance called Sulphur is also found in cucumbers, it stimulates hair growth. Cucumbers are great for salads and also for garnishing savoury tacos. Water Your hair needs moisture to thrive and water is the ideal moisturiser. If spray bottle with water and give your mane a light spritz. Drinking plenty of water daily will aid in keeping your locks hydrated and revitalised. Politics meet fashion as the Burkindi brand trends • BURKINA FASO When former rapper Gilbert “Bill” Kiendrebeogo launched a clothing brand in August 2014, he wanted it to represent the aspirations of Burkina Faso, his landlocked West African nation. The dictator Blaise Compaoré had ruled the nation for 27 years and would soon try to push a constitutional amendment allowing him to extend his rule. As thousands of young protesters poured onto the streets of Burkina Faso’s cities that October demanding Compaoré’s removal, many of them wore Bill’s brand of T-shirts, named Burkindi — which means upright in the indigenous Mooré language. Compaoré dead, but a new revolution was just taking birth. Burkindi is part of a wave of clothing brands, designs and forms of ethnic wear that are emerging as the most visible signs of a resurgent national pride after years of a sham democracy that allowed Compaoré to return to power virtually unopposed. The Faso dan fani — the loose cotton dress that is traditional in this country — is back in fashion, but it isn’t alone in riding on this sentiment of pride. Designer Sebastien Basémo is popularising traditionally dyed clothes in the country’s economic capital of Bobo-Dioulasso. Clothes from his brand Kôkô Donda are now worn by president Roch Marc Christian Kaboré and the Yaméogo, who set up the Francois 1ér is now producing organic cotton back in Burkina Faso. Make no mistake: This isn’t just a fashion fad. It’s an intensely political statement of pride, which, at the moment, the government is supporting. In November 2017, it announced the Faso dan fani asmandatory dress code working with private investors to revive a factory that used to manufacture Faso dan fani garments, but that closed down in 2001. But it’s on the streets and in design studios that this support for clothing meant to evoke national pride is organically exploding. “We became proudly Burkinabé in 1983, and this pride is back. Under Campaoré’s rule, we lost this feeling,” says Kiendrebeogo. Across Africa, political transitions of the kind Burkina Faso witnessed in 2014 aren’t new. Mostly, though, they’ve quickly descended into civil war or ended in a military takeover. But three years after it embraced democracy, the country the size of Colorado has avoided those traps. Instead, the growing demand for traditional Burkinabé wear suggests the Models wearing Burkindi clothes. desire to build on a national identity and link it with pride is still on the rise. “This trend is a visual expression of the rebirth of our democracy,” says Yamba Bidima, head of the sociology department at the University of Ouagadougou. But this trend is also building on a historical context closely linked to the country’s modern identity. The popular former Marxist leader Thomas Sankara, who ruled from 1983 until his assassination in 1987, promoted the Faso dan fani — which translates into “Made in Burkina Faso.” It was under Sankara that the country changed its name from Upper Volta — a hand-me-down identity from its former French rulers — to Burkina Faso. While Sankara famously wore the country’s traditional costume internationally, including to the African Union’s Congress in Addis Ababa in 1987, Compaoré, who deposed him in a coup, was mostly seen publicly in Western suits. NSK Industry Loop It’s awards season again and with it comes endless artists, analysis from industry “experts” and well…”whose that?!” questions. Let’s look at the biggest snubs to this year’s nominees. These are artists who applied but simply did not make the cut. Kaptein Tswazi and Female Donkey, arguably two of the biggest names in the Damara and Afro Pop space did not make the nominees list. It must’ve been a tough pill to swallow for Kaptein because his former band, Tswazies, salvaged one nomination with best video. Oviritje powerhouse Ongoro Nomundu also did not make the cut. A group that I always thought had that certain something, and also former nominees, AMA-DAZ-FLOOR shockingly did not make the cut either. On the subject of groups…Afroberries also got the cold shoulder from the judges, eto. Etondo who had a big year last year, was another big snub. I guess the judges were not impressed with his shirtless antics. Another year, another snub for O.G’s Kwxame Sankara and Slammer. Blend, who had an incredible album out but did not make the cut was probably a case of their sound being at odds with the available categories. Etse, nou hoe’t julle vir Jeiyo gemaak etse? Dololo nominations for GMP’s new face. Everyone at the label put everything into the “Life” album and for it not to get a nominee must’ve been tough for the team. Rundu se laaities, M.I.G was a bit of a shock snub for me but they are still new. I say they should use this snub as a challenge to stay consistent. Another newbie, Jermain Casper, has a good thing going but he is really one for the future. One of the most underrated singers in the country, Neslow was also curved…lol. Guess who did not make it to the Gospel category? D-Naff…lol. But credit should go to him because he used 2016/2017 to largely groom other gospel brands. Homie got nominated for Best Reggae though. Could that be his new chokehold? If it’s one album that the judges thought is not worthy of the NAMAs is J-bentley’s “Not guilty”, and the donkerhoek native is not taking it well. Maybe this is where you come in, the fan to speak up. For a couple of born again dudes, Franklin and Dee’A actually had a good album out. I guess the judges were not feeling the spirit. But like AliThatDude, Karishma, Desmond, Oteya, Michael Pulse, you guys, dololo nominations. I still believe the judges owe us an explanation as to why My Neega Get Lich did not get a nomination. Apartheid man! “Get lich, get money” was one of the hottest songs of 2017! But on a real though…Top Cheri’s snub is probably one of the biggest this year. I still believe Christian Polloni deserved a nomination for Blend. The album is really phenomenal. It’s just a pity that the sound is at odds with the categories. Until the next loop, we say “GMTM”! NSK is a professional MC. For bookings, email @naobebsekind (twitter)

New Era

New Era Newspaper Vol 22 No 167