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New Era Newspaper Friday December 1, 2017

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12 thought leaders Friday, December 1 2017 | NEW ERA Land administration in Eiseb is total chaos No less than any other court of law in the country, one would have expected that traditional courts would do - However, if the case of two communal farmers, whose case has been before the traditional court of the Ovambanderu Traditional Authority in Epukiro, dating back to 2012, is anything to go by, one cannot but conclude that a gross travesty of traditional courts. The matter at hand involves a land and boundary dispute in the Eiseb Block communal area in where two farmers came upon an uninhabited and unoccupied piece of land. After being granted permission to settle and graze their animals by a united traditional authority, an authority comprising of various traditional authorities, namely the Eiseb Ovambanderu Traditional Authority, Ovaherero Traditional Authority, the Ovambanderu Traditional Authority, the Hoveka Traditional Authority and the San Traditional Authority, the farmers have literally run into a cul-desac with another farmer who seems to be wellconnected to some principals of the Ovambanderu Traditional Authority, claiming this piece of land. The latter farmer, despite being last on the scene, has been making headway entrenching himself on the piece of land in terms of setting up the necessary farming infrastructure, including drilling a borehole. This is while the understanding has been that while the land remains disputed, and thus before the traditional authority and its court, neither parties to the dispute should effect any development. But because of his connections to the traditional authority, the presumably favoured farmer has been entrenching himself on the piece of land. On the contrary, the other themselves grounded. The traditional authority has also been threatening to developments they have effected on the land. The farmers cannot also understand what they have done wrong. While in their understanding the issue should be whether they have duly legally been granted the piece of land, the charge before this traditional court is why they chose to seek permission to occupy the land or seek grazing rights on the particular piece of land from the particular traditional authority they are claiming to have granted them the necessary grazing rights. The issue also does not seem to be whether this particular traditional authority or authorities did and do have the authority to grant such grazing rights or not. But why the farmers in the authorities. One would have thought the issue here should have been whether the farmers indeed have been granted grazing rights or not. And secondly, whether the au- said to have granted these two farmers the said grazing rights, do have such right. Also, one would have thought the authority are said to have granted the said grazing rights to the two farmers, should ordinarily also have appeared evidence to the said traditional court in this matter and thus also explain to legitimacy in granting such grazing rights to the two farmers rather than for the court to expect from the two farmers to explain the legitimacy of the authority that granted them the grazing rights. But no single councillor from the authorities said to have granted grazing rights to the two has ever been summoned by the court to give evidence. The matter has also been brought to the attention of the Omaheke Land Board in Gobabis, which referred it back to the Ovambanderu Traditional Authority. There’s more to the matter. The land, which has been granted to all the claimant farmers, is said to be in the range of 10 square kilometres. One would have thought that traditional authorities can only grant 20 hectares in the communal area? How the said traditional authorities could have granted grazing rights for the said 10 square kilome- not clear what really has been happening with the matter in question with the Ovambanderu Traditional Authority apparently also granted the three claimants permission to share the 10-square kilometre piece of land, only for the latter to backtrack for unexplained reasons. The matter is about to have another sequel on December 6 in the traditional court of the Ovambanderu Traditional Authority. But what this particular matter reveals this far is the total chaos in some of the traditional courts and the haphazard way in which land in the communal areas is administered. One cannot but wonder what higher government authority has oversight over, especially the traditional authorities and the traditional courts and whether it is doing its work? Not only this, but it is also not clear which authorities have the power to grant land rights and where. Meantime, the Sec- ference that could have addressed the pertinent land question, including the administration of land by traditional authorities, remains indefinitely on ice. Is Mugabe a hero or a villain? For the past few days the name Robert Mugabe has been rolling off the tongue of almost everyone, both at home and elsewhere. I love the fact that Zimbabwe has been able to start a transition without any drop of blood spilled. In this context let the transition yield good results in the coming days. This transition, although marked by a military intervention, is one of a few exceptions in the narrative of a progressive world. The use of military takeovers may not necessarily be congruent with the new way of thinking, as it generally poses a threat to the constitutional order of a modern state. However, in the case of Zimbabwe the military’s conduct should be regarded as an exceptional precedent. The military act has become one of its kind since its circumstances, weighed against the legitimate issues, concerns and interests of the Zimbabwean populace, should be an exception. Resorting back to the issue of whether President Robert Mugabe is a hero or villain, this question must be answered both in historical and contemporary perspectives. First, Zimbabwe’s success story in the form of education, vocational training and progressive developments must be attributed to progressive policies under the tutelage of Robert Mugabe. It is indisputable that thousands of Zimbabweans are literate, skilled and This should be attributed to the provision of high quality education that Zimbabwe has been able to offer until today. As to whether or not Mugabe should be regarded as a villain or hero, it depends on whose interests one is serving. In the context of collective Afrikan communalism, Mugabe has always been at the forefront of economic development tice of his people. He reminded the world of their commitments towards the Jambo Shipanga principle of horizontal status of all nations in terms of international law. Mugabe represented a symbol of resistance to slavery and other forms sense he would always be a beacon of hope for many Afrikans on the mainland and those in the Diaspora. This view emanated from the fact Africa too has been a sole provider of natural resources to the rest of the world, whilst what she received in return comparatively speaking, was a mere meagre shred in the form of aid. People being inspired by this symbol of hope, which demands freedom from all shackles of neoliberalism policies, is what irked those that do not stomach the idea of the Afrikan dream. It is common cause that the resistance to the neoliberal agenda by the West has resulted, misery and the economic hardships in the form of sanctions imposed on Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe’ socioeconomic and political woes may be attributed to a host of issues of which land has been the primary and root cause of challenges confronting her today. Interests of indigenous Zimbabweans were superseded by the interest of children of the erstwhile conquerors. The sins committed by Mugabe mainly would be attributed to his restoration of people’s dignity. He gave land to his people and this is what others found in bad taste. In contradistinction, the neoliberal hegemony view has been at the advanced stage, in trouncing Mugabe for the ruthless character that he has been and the one who presided over what is perceived as the failed political and economic state. The aforesaid theory has been canvassed widely by branding Mugabe as nothing but the primary cause of every little, tinny and whinny ill that bedeviled Zimbabwe. Mainly the Western world and others have developed a concept reminiscent of a neoliberalism outlook designed to effect a regime change in Zimbabwe. It is an open secret that the West has been drumming support to effect a regime change and install a government that they are able to exert to serve their interests. Western neoliberal governments have no interest of the Afrikans at heart. Nor do they aspire to see Afrika ridding herself of slavery in many formats. Rather, they are driven name of globalization which come with attachments. in the true sense of the word from this neoliberal order as their economies continue to serve as a springboard aimed at supplying resources in the raw format to these so-called powerful nations of the world. Mugabe would not mince his words to tell these people the brutal truth about what he believed to be the Afrikan ideals to which neoliberals opted to be blind if not ignorant. Despite all this, Mugabe is no saint he remains a legend of the Afrikan liberation struggle.

NEW ERA INSIDE BUSINESS This news is your business Photo: Edgar Brandt The Baynes Hydropower Project will commence as soon as funds are available, Mines and Energy In an interview with Nampa this between Angola and Namibia with regard to the project remain in place. The two governments have for long intended to build the hydropower plant and dam downstream of the Epupa Falls at Baynes along the said the project was delayed by the recent economic crisis. “We are just waiting to recover 600 Megawatts (MW) of electricity. The Baynes Hydropower Project, important to both Angola and Namibia the Ruacana Power Station, the new dam will function as a mid-merit peaking station, so that national bulk electricity supplier NamPower can avoid buying imported power during peak hours. The Baynes Power Station is the wet season, while during the dry season, generators will generate at whilst 71 MW would be generated Nampa N0 million tractor assembly plant planned for Brakwater Photo: Edgar Brandt Windhoek A business delegation from Tabliz in that a N0 million tractor assembly plant will be established at Brakwater, on the outskirts of Windhoek. According to Abolfath Ebrahim, general manager of the Iranian Tractor Manufacturing Company, his company is of the factory, but mentioned that the plant’s production line will be able to produce anywhere between 500 and 5,000 units per annum. Tractors rolling off the assembly line will be branded as a product of Namibia countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, with a potential market of 400 million people. The tractor assembly plant will be a joint venture between the Iranian Tractor Manufacturing Company, which will own Investment Holdings, which will control 70 percent of the shareholding. Omusati Regional Governor Erginus Endjala, local businessman Onesmus Amadhila and Michael Mukwiilongo. According to Endjala, there is strong indication that a local asset management in the project. The joint venture will also neighbouring countries. While the visiting Iranian delegation, Endjala yesterday noted that both the Environmental Impact Assessment and the rezoning of the Brakwater property to an industrial area, could both take some time. ceremony to take place in February or that the factory will provide numerous youth from vocational training centres. He added that 10 Namibians would soon travel to Iran to receive training in assembling the tractors. Once back in the country these people will share their newly acquired skills with other workers here. Endjala led a Namibian business delegation to Iran in April, where they were introduced to the management of the Iranian Tractor Manufacturing Company. out that the present administration of Iranian President Hassan Rouhani is keen to boost trade and diplomatic relations with the 54 African countries. “I’m trying to bring more Iranians here. As you might be aware, Iran’s immediate neighbour is Europe, and many Iranian business people used to go to Europe, but now the priority of my present government is Africa, so they are coming to African countries in big numbers where they are engaged in business. than 150 percent, and in some African countries Iranian cars are produced and Call for nominations! “Women Who Impacted 2017”. Question: Which Namibian woman made a positive change this year and how? Send the name of your nominee and a short summary of her accomplishment to Closing Date: 01 December 2017 We want to hear from you! Contact Desie Heita Tel: +264 61 208 0800 for enquiries

New Era

New Era Newspaper Vol 22 No 167