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New Era Newspaper Friday December 8, 2017

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Friday, December 8 2017 | NEW ERA AFRICA 46 Nigeria’s president heads north in election hint KANO On duty… A soldier mans a roadblock in the DRC. Photo: Nampa/AFP Armed groups in central Africa using roadblocks as funding source KINSHASA Roadblocks in war-torn areas of Central African Republic and Democratic Republic of Congo provide armed groups with millions of euros (dollars) in annual income, a report said Wednesday. A year-long study by the International Peace Information Service (IPIS), a Belgian research group, found 1,082 roadblocks in CAR and in the North and South Kivu provinces of eastern DRC alone. Money extorted from road users nets armed groups around seven million euros (.2 million) annually, it estimated. Roadblocks funding,” IPIS said in a statement. “Strangling development and livelihoods, attracting violent confrontations and generating millions in revenues, roadblocks are as crucial to Africa as natural resources.” According to the study, armed men were present at 73 percent of roadblocks. Investigators mapped 284 roadblocks in CAR, where violence has raged since 2013 between factions of mostly Christian militias known as anti-Balaka and the Muslim-majority Seleka rebels. Seleka rebels control most of the roadblocks in CAR - set up every 24 kilometres - collecting about six million euros in taxes annually, IPIS found. They make most of their money taxing cattle and Sudanese coffee traders, it said. Only 115 roadblocks were operated by government agents. In the eastern region of DR Congo, the inquiry found 798 roadblocks set up at average intervals of 18 km. Of these, 569 were operated by government agents. The area has been the scene of inter-ethnic violence for the past 20 years, as groups clash for control of mining and other resources. Truckers in North Kivu alone are shaken down at roadblocks to the tune of about a million euros annually. “Finding a Congolese road without a roadblock is a challenge -- basically, everything that moves, is taxed,” said Peer Schouten, IPIS research coordinator and the study’s lead author. “Women going to market, farmers the road... We were surprised at the sheer density of roadblocks. They indicate the extent of structural extortion in Congo. And it’s the people that suffer.” “Its time for the international community to broaden its scope be- said. – Nampa/AFP Muhammadu Buhari on Wednesday to a key state, in the latest sign of his return to the national stage after months of illness and treatment abroad. The 74-year-old’s two-day visit to Kano, northern Nigeria’s largest city and capital of one its most populous states, will also be interpreted as an indication he is seeking a second term The ageing head of state has hardly been seen outside his residence in Abuja since returning in August from months of treatment in London for an undisclosed ailment. But last month, he toured three southeastern states, which analysts saw as a test of how well he fared on the stump, with possibly months of arduous campaigning ahead. Speaking at the palace of the emir of Kano, Muhammadu Sanusi II, Buhari gave little away about whether he planned to seek a second, four-year term. He said: “I know the elections. If they are to be free and fair, if it is a question of numbers, if it is a question of allowing people to make their choice, then I think the people of Kano are in my pocket.” Buhari made history at the last elec- candidate in Nigerian history to defeat a sitting president. He won nearly 90 percent of the vote in Kano state, where victory is vital for securing an overall majority countrywide. Nigeria’s next president is expected to be from the north because of an unwritten rule to “rotate” power between the Muslim-majority north and predominantly Christian south. Former vice-president Atiku Abubakar has announced his intention to stand and left Buhari’s ruling All Progressives Party to rejoin the Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari main opposition Peoples Democratic Party. Atiku is from Adamawa state in the northeast, while Buhari is from Daura, in the northern state of Katsina. Buhari was joined on Wednesday by governor Umar Ganduje, who is also expected to seek a second term of of- a series of infrastructure projects. Kano -- the main commercial hub in northern Nigeria -- has not escaped violence from Boko Haram, the armed Islamist group that has waged a deadly insurgency since 2009. In November 2014, at least 120 people were killed in a suicide bomb and gun attack at the Grand Mosque in Kano, which is next to the emir’s palace. Buhari said the whole country suffered if there was instability in the north. “This is why the government’s priority is to make sure that Boko Haram is defeated,” he said. “It is not only for the northeast, it is for the rest of Nigeria.” But he called for time in his sig- convictions, despite a string of wellpublicised arrests. – Nampa/AFP Republic of Namibia MINISTRY OF WORKS AND TRANSPORT PROHIBITION OF TRUCKS FROM TRAVELLING ON B2 ROAD BETWEEN SWAKOPMUND AND WALVIS BAY DURING THE 2017/ 2018 FESTIVE SEASON 12 th December 2017 to the 19 th January 2018 B2 C14/C34 PRESS RELEASE PROHIBITION OF TRUCKS FROM TRAVELLING ON B2 ROAD BETWEEN SWAKOPMUND AND WALVIS BAY DURING THE 2017/ 2018 FESTIVE SEASON th For any further enquiry, please do not hesitate to contact Mr. Damien Mabengano, Deputy Director: Transportation Regulation at Tel. No +264 61 208 8154 or +264 81 146 7202. The Minister of Works and Transport has temporarily prohibited the use of Alpheus G. !Naruseb , MP MINISTER

Friday, December 8 2017 | NEW ERA WORLD 47 World, bar Israel, condemns Trump Jerusalem announcement PARIS Donald Trump’s decision Wednesday to recognise Jerusalem as Israel’s capital has drawn sharp criticism, with Here are key reactions Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu hailed Trump’s recognition as “historic” and a Netanyahu also pledged no change to the status quo at Jerusalem’s highly sensitive holy sites in the city, sacred Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas said the US could no longer play the role “These deplorable and unacceptable measures deliberately undermine all Liberation Organisation said Trump had - “He destroyed the two-state solution,” Saeb Erekat, who long served as the Pal- Hamas said Trump’s decision hell on US interests in the region,” Palestinian Islamist movement that Saudi Arabia slammed Trump’s sible” and said the decision goes against the “historical and permanent said a Saudi royal court statement car- Iran condemned the US move, saying it threatened a “new inti- “The provocative and unwise de- - angry and violent behaviour,” the UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres implicitly criticised Trump’s announcement, warning that Jerusalem’s status must be resolved through “From day one as secretary-general tently spoken out against any unilateral measures that would jeopardise al-Assad dismissed Trump’s move, saying in a statement it would by a state or a president, but by its history, will, and the determination which will stay alive in the conscience - Lebanon’s Prime Minister Saad Hariri vowed his country’s “highest degrees and its right to establish an independent “The American decision to rec- Israel and to move the embassy there is a step that is rejected by the Arab world and risks spilling dan- Jordan condemned Trump’s recognition dent to recognise Jerusalem as Israel’s bassy to this city constitutes a violation United Nations charter,” said govern- Turkey slammed Trump’s Je- “We condemn the irresponsible state- decision is against international law and relevant UN resolutions,” Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu Prime Minister Theresa May said the British government disagreed with Trump’s decision, say- “We disagree with the US decision to move its embassy to Jerusalem and recognise Jerusalem as the Israeli French President Emmanuel Macron branded Trump’s stance as state solution, Israel and Palestine living side by side in peace and security within internationally recognised borders, with Jerusalem German Chancellor Angela Merkel said through her spokesman that she “does not support” Trump’s lomat Federica Mogherini voiced “serious concern” at Trump’s new - Nampa/AFP Controversial… Palestinian demonstrators burn posters of the US president in Bethlehem’s Manger Square in protest to him declaring Jerusalem as Israel’s capital on December 6, 2017. Abbas said the United States can no longer play the role of peace broker after Donald Trump’s decision on Wednesday to recognise Jerusalem as Israel›s capital. THANK YOU MESSAGE Malaysian PM puts party KUALA LUMPUR Malaysian Prime Minister Najib ing on Thursday as polls loom, - The leader told the annual assem- Organisation (UMNO) – which has ruled Muslim-majority Ma- in this election we will emerge cheering delegates wearing the red Elections must be called by Au- hint at a date in his speech but speculation is swirling that they overseas deals which are being Both Najib, who made no men- - Nampa/AFP - -

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New Era Newspaper Vol 22 No 167