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New Era Newspaper Friday May 11, 2018

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12 Friday 11 May 2018 NEW ERA ADVERT REPUBLIC OF NAMIBIA 89th Birthday Anniversary, 12 May 1929 The Government of the Republic of Namibia joins the rest of the Namibian Nation in celebrating the birthday of the Founding President, and Father of the Namibian Nation, Today we are celebrating the 89th birthday of a brave, fearless and revolutionary leader; A man that exhibited exceptional wisdom, remarkable vision, and exemplary leadership; A man that paved the way for our independence and freedom that we all enjoy. Your unwavering commitment, dedication and loyalty to this nation is priceless. We continue to cherish your tenacity towards a better Namibia for all; May the Almighty grant you more years of good health, wisdom and prosperity. Happy 89th Birthday and Long Live Father of the Namibian Nation !!

This news is your business This file photo taken in March this year shows Apple logos on a computer screen in Beijing. US tech giant Apple announced yesterday it had shelved plans t o b u i l d a n 850-million-euro (US.0-billion) data centre in Ireland over a court battle with conservationists who were seeking to preserve a forest. Photo: Nampa/AFP Inside Expos vital for boosting economic activities Page 15 THIS WEEK IN BUSINESS SA to continue lobbying US for exemption on tariffs South Africa will continue talks with the United States in a bid to get concessions on import tariffs on aluminium and steel, Communications Minister Nomvula Mokonyane said on Thursday. Briefing journalists on the outcomes of Wednesday’s fortnightly cabinet meeting, Mokonyane said government was disappointed at the US decision to not exempt South Africa from the 10-percent tariffs on import of aluminium and 25 percent on steel imports. “The South African government will continue to engage with the US authorities to find a mutually acceptable outcome,” she said. Government’s reluctance fuelling private sector corruption - IPPR Panasonic profit soars on automotive business growth Japanese electronics giant Panasonic on Thursday said its full-year net profit surged, helped by growth in its automative-related business. The Osakabased company said net profit for the fiscal year to March rose 58 percent to 236 billion yen (US.1 million), up from 149 billion yen in the previous year. “Increases in both sales and profit were achieved for fiscal 2018 due mainly to growth in the automotive and industrialrelated businesses,” the company said in a statement, adding that exchange rates also contributed to increased revenue. •Edgar Brandt WINDHOEK - Government is to a large extent responsible for creating an environment for initiating and allowing private sector corruption to take place. This is according to a report titled “The role of private sector in tackling corruption” which was released on Wednesday by the Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR). The report was compiled for IPPR by local academic and researcher Johan Coetzee, and was produced with the support of the Open Society Initiative of Southern Africa (Osisa). “If political and public office bearers who are responsible for drafting, approving and implementing legislation, policies, regulations and by-laws tolerate accepting bribes, the private sector will most certainly offer bribes in order to increase profits. For example, if public servants would refuse to accept bribes and report them to the appropriate authorities for efficient processing, investigation and prosecution, providing all other variables remain constant, bribery will not take place,” Coetzee concluded in the report. Coetzee noted that public servants are tempted to accept bribes partly because of a culture of ingrained corruption in the public service, as well as a culture of entitlement that could be the consequence of historical imbalances of injustice created by apartheid, colonialism, neo-colonialism and the liberation struggle. “Political connections and relatively lower salaries than privately employed people with similar skills and experience, contribute to corruption. Based on a history of unsuccessful ad hoc attempts to reform the public service since independence, it is of limited value for the private sector to wait for reform of the public sector. With a two-thirds majority in Parliament, the government is very secure in terms of voter support with no emerging competition on the horizon. Because of the government’s secure position on the political landscape, it has very limited motivation to initiate public sector reform,” reads the report. In the conclusion, Coetzee added that through public sector reform, the ruling party can lose substantial support and that a significant number of public officials are direct or indirect beneficiaries of the ruling party through institutionalised patronage, nepotism and favouritism. “These public servants have become so dependent on corruption that they will resist any attempts at reform. Politically connected and/or ignorant and incompetent public servants form such a large portion of the employed personnel in the economy that reform will have a severe negative socio-economic impact on them, which will in turn impact negatively on the ruling party,” the report reads. Coetzee recommends that, based on international best practices of sustainable reform, the private sector should take the initiative and put pressure on politicians to increase efficiency and productivity in the public sector, so that delays and waste are minimised. He argues that a more efficient public sector will reduce the costs of the private sector to do business. “The private sector should collaborate with civil society in creating and funding public dialogue about issues of national importance. The private sector should use the media much more effectively, especially the social media, e.g. Facebook, to inform, organise and mobilise public support to expose corruption networks. For the private sector to be credible, respectable and to have leverage on government, it must get its own house in order to voluntary regulate unethical and immoral behaviour of its members, e.g. not to offer bribes to politicians and public office holders,” read the recommendations in the report. Coetzee notes that participation and transparency have the potential to reduce maladministration and corruption in the public and private sector interaction with lucrative opportunities for corruption. The report also recommends that the private sector initiate civil and criminal cases to investigate corruption and increase public awareness about corruption issues of national importance. In addition, the the private sector and civil society are urged to coordinate in order to form a united front to negotiate with government on alternatives to reduce corruption in the public and private sector interface, such as in terms of border control corruption, delays in the approval of licences and permits, corruption in allocation of tenders and large capitalintensive projects. “In general, it is recommended that the private sector collaborates and synergises its resources to influence the government in terms of advising on legislation, policies and regulations and monitor the implementation of such instruments,” reads the report. Apple shelves plans for billion dollar Irish data centre United State's tech giant Apple announced Thursday it had shelved plans to build an 850-million-euro (US.0-billion) data centre in Ireland over a court battle with conservationists who were seeking to preserve a forest “Several years ago we applied to build a data centre at Athenry. Despite our best efforts, delays in the approval process have forced us to make other plans and we will not be able to move forward with the data centre,” the company said in a statement. Asia markets, energy firms rally with oil prices Crude prices extended their rally Thursday, propelling Asian energy firms and equity markets, as rising demand and Donald Trump’s decision to tear up the Iran nuclear deal point to a thinning of supplies. While broadly expected, the president’s announcement has helped light a fire under oil, with both main contracts now sitting at highs not seen since the end of November 2014 and speculation they could go even higher. The decision Tuesday comes as data shows US stockpiles are dwindling, major producer Venezuela is wracked by economic upheaval, and OPEC and Russia press on with an output cap. Compiled from Nampa/ ANA and Nampa/AFP

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New Era Newspaper Vol 22 No 167