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New Era Newspaper Monday December 18, 2017

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16 FEATURE Monday, December 18 2017 | NEW ERA Afghan opium production jumps to record level - Survey KABAL Opium production in Afghanistan increased by a record 87 per cent to a 9,000 metric tons in 2017 compared with 2016 levels, according to the latest Afghanistan Opium Survey figures released recently by the Afghan Ministry of Counter Narcotics and UNODC. The area under opium poppy cultivation also increased to a record 328,000 hectares in 2017, up 63 per cent compared with 201,000 hectares in 2016. In a statement delivered at the survey’s launch, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) executive director Yury Fedotov noted “It is high time for the international community and Afghanistan to reprioritize drug control, and to acknowledge that every nation has a shared responsibility for this global problem.” The increase in production is mainly a result of an increase in the area under opium poppy cultivation, while an increase in opium yield per hectare also contributed. The largest increase of yields occurred in the Southern region where the average yield grew by 19 per cent and the northeastern region, with a 14 per cent rise. Afghanistan is the world’s top cultivator of the poppy from which opium and heroin are produced. The 2017 record levels of opium production and poppy cultivation create multiple challenges for the country, its neighbours and the many other countries that are transit for or destination of Afghan opiates. Increased insurgency and funding to terrorist groups is likely within Afghanistan while more high quality, low cost heroin will reach consumer markets across the world leading to increased consumption and related harmful consequences. The average opium yield is at 27.3 kilograms per hectare (kg/ha) - 15 per cent higher than in 2016. A total of 750 ha of poppy eradication was carried out by the provincial Governors in 2017. This represented an increase of 111 per cent from The Ministry of Land Reform hereby would like to announce to the public that, the Farming Units that were advertised on the 15 th September – 16 th October 2017 were allocated to the following beneficiaries: No. Farm Name Size (Ha) Families Resettled 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Portion 5 of farm Kassandara No. 40 and Portion 6 of farm Kassandara No. 40, Reg. Div. “C” Crop Production (Erongo Region) Remaining Extent of farm Nukois No. 269, Reg. Div. “V” (//Kharas Region) Remaining Extent of farm Nukois No. 269, Reg. Div. “V” (//Kharas Region) Farm Houmoed No. 311, Reg. Div. “A” (Kunene Region) Farm Houmoed No. 311, Reg. Div. “A” (Kunene Region) M F ID. No Region of Application Unit 137.1052 Diana I. Geingob F 75070510312 Erongo Single 5818.4717 Donaven J. Losper REPUBLIC OF NAMIBIA Opium farmers in Afghanistan MINISTRY OF LAND REFORM PUBLIC NOTICE ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE RESETTLEMENT (FARMING UNITS) BENEFICIARIES M 68082400269 //Kharas A 4087.0000 Bertha E. Swartz F 70022000224 //Kharas B 2696.0000 Monica Dongwi F 60030303400 Oshana A 2517.0233 Kalahari Ndjai M 60071400532 Kunene B The above mentioned beneficiaries are advised to occupy their farming units within 30 days after receipt of original allotment letters. The Ministry of Land Reform may re-advertise any unoccupied farming units after 30 days of receiving the allotment letters. This communication also serves as a response to all applicants of these farms/farming units as no response will be made to individual applicants. All applicants whose names do not appear on the list were unsuccessful. All successful candidates are further informed and invited to attend a COMPULSORY TRAINING envisaged to be conducted in due course. The successful resettlement beneficiaries will be informed about the exact venue and date of the training once it is confirmed. For any enquiries, contact the Acting Deputy Director: Resettlement, Ms. P. Shaanika at 061-296 5150. Nampa/Reuters 2016 when 355 hectares were eradicated. In 2017, eradication took place in 14 provinces, compared to 7 provinces in 2016. During the latest eradication campaign, six lives were lost and eight people were injured. As noted in the survey, opium poppy cultivation has expanded to new regions and strong increases were observed in many provinces. The number of poppyfree provinces in the country decreased from 13 to 10. After more than a decade, Ghazni, Samangan and Nuristan lost their poppy-free status. The number of provinces affected by cultivation increased accordingly from 21 to 24. In Hilmand alone, cultivation increased by 63,700 hectares (79 per cent), accounting for about half of the total increase. This was followed by Balkh (10,000 ha), Kandahar (7,500 ha), Nimroz (6,200 ha), and Uruzgan (6,000 ha). The southern region has the country’s largest share of national opium production with 57 per cent recorded, which equals some 5,200 metric tons (MT). Afghanistan’s second most important opium producing region is the Northern, responsible for 16 per cent of national production (1,400 MT), followed by the western region with 13 per cent (1,200 MT). The remaining areas (eastern, north-eastern, and central regions) together, accounted for 12 per cent of opium production. During the same reporting period, the average farm-gate prices at harvest time decreased in all regions of Afghanistan ranging from minus 7 per cent in the west to minus 50 per cent in the north-east. The only exception was the Southern region, where prices remained stable and decreased only after the harvest. Amounting to US$ 1.39 billion and equivalent to roughly 7 per cent of Afghanistan’s estimated GDP, the estimated farm-gate value of opium production in 2017 increased by 55 per cent when compared to 2016 levels. ANNUAL UNODC SURVEY ON AFGHAN OPIUM UNODC has noted with concern the catastrophic deterioration in the situation regarding illegal drug trafficking in Afghanistan. According to the most recent report by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) on Afghan opium, the total area of cultivation of the opium poppy in that country increased by more than 60 percent to 328,000 hectares in 2017. Opiate production has also nearly doubled since last year and is equivalent to 900 tonnes of heroin, a record figure in recent years. At the same time, positive action to eradicate opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan is hardly noticeable and incommensurable with the extent of the rise in drug trafficking. These statistics indicate that the international community should probably rethink and, in some way, re-adjust the magnitude and direction of its efforts to combat the drug problem in Afghanistan. “Unfortunately, we have to admit that the law enforcement activities carried out by the Afghan authorities do not actually cover the provinces controlled by the Taliban where the opium poppy is cultivated. The ISIS cells operating in northern Afghanistan are also trying to use illegal drugs to improve their finances. The opiate industry in Afghanistan has become a key source for fueling terrorist activities, which further destabilises that country and beyond,” UNODC stated. The UN Security Council designates the Afghan drug industry as a threat to international peace and stability. Clearly, a surge in opium production in Afghanistan will have a global impact and lead to further diversification of drug trafficking routes, the search for new markets for opiates, the involvement of an increasing number of people in this criminal business and, ultimately, an increase in the number of drug addicts. Given these circumstances, the Afghan authorities, with the full support of the international donor community, will need to make additional efforts in order to intensify the fight against illegal drug trafficking. Only if we act together, collectively, on the basis of relevant international legal documents, will we be able to stop the flow of narcotics coming from Afghanistan. “We believe that regional efforts to counteract Afghan drug trafficking should be promoted with the use of resources of such authoritative international platforms as the Paris Pact initiative, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), and the Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO),” stated the UN agency. “We are willing to continue to build constructive cooperation with the Afghan leadership, based on the principle of common and shared responsibility, in order to overcome the Afghan drug challenge. In particular, we will continue to assist Kabul in strengthening its anti-drug potential, within and beyond the framework of the projects we are carrying out jointly with UNODC and Japan to train law enforcement personnel at educational institution of the Russian Interior Ministry,” it concluded.

Monday, December 18 2017 | NEW ERA AFRICA 17 ANC wrestles over choice of new leader JOHANNESBURG Thousands of delegates from South Africa’s ruling ANC party hunkered down yesterday to choose their next leader in a vote widely seen as a decisive moment in the country’s post-apartheid history. The front-runners in the tight race are former minister Nkosazana Dlamini- Zuma, who is President Jacob Zuma’s ex-wife, and Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa, a wealthy businessman. With public support for the ANC falling sharply, the party could face a struggle to retain its grip on power in the 2019 general election after ruling since Nelson Mandela won the first multi-racial elections in 1994. Delegates could vote for the new leader as early as yesterday, with the fiveday conference due to end on Wednesday. President Zuma, whose reign has been marred by graft scandals, will step down as ANC chief at the meeting, but he will remain as head of state ahead of general elections in 2019. He used his conference speech on Saturday to appeal for unity in a party riven by bitter factions under his rule. He blamed the decline in the ANC’s popularity on “perceptions in society that we are soft on corruption, self-serving and arrogant”. “Petty squabbling that takes us nowhere needs to take a back seat,” he said. “Our people are frustrated when we spend more time fighting among ourselves instead of solving the daily challenges they experience.” The ANC candidates had agreed “to abide by the outcome of the conference. I want each of them to bear that in mind”, he added. Zuma’s speech was greeted with weak applause and a partial standing ovation after raucous party delegates had danced and sang songs in support of their chosen candidate to succeed him. He is seen as supporting Dlamini- Zuma, who may protect him from prosecution over graft charges. Some analysts say the party could split after the contentious leadership battle. The ANC is still South Africa’s biggest Zuma regrets ANC infighting JOHANNESBURG South African President Jacob Zuma on Saturday blamed infighting and perceived corruption for the troubles of the ANC party, which risks losing power for the first time since the end of apartheid. Zuma, whose reign has been marred by graft scandals, spoke at a party conference that will elect his successor as head of the African National Congress, though he will remain as head of state ahead of 2019 elections. The two front-runners in the divisive party leadership race are his ex-wife and former African Union Commission head Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, and Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa, a wealthy businessman. The 75-year-old Zuma said the party’s poor local election results last year “were a stark reminder that our people are not happy with the state of the ANC”. He blamed the decline in support on “perceptions in society that we are soft on corruption, self-serving and arrogant.” “Petty squabbling that takes us nowhere needs to take a back seat,” he said. “Our people are frustrated when we spend more time fighting among ourselves instead of solving the daily challenges they experience... Factionalism has become the party by far, but the 54 percent it won in local elections last year was its worst poll result since 1994. Opposition parties the Democratic Alliance and Economic Freedom Fighters are hoping to exploit the ANC’s woes in the 2019 election, with one possible outcome being a coalition government. Soaring unemployment and state corruption have fuelled frustration at the ANC among millions of poor black South Africans who face dire housing, inadequate education and continuing racial inequality. The conference, held outside Johannesburg, started seven hours late on Saturday after disputes over which delegates are qualified to vote. Dlamini-Zuma, 68, headed the African Union commission until earlier this year and is a former interior, foreign affairs and health minister. But her critics say she would pursue Zuma’s failing economic and political policies. The couple had four children together before divorcing in 1998. Ramaphosa, 65, a former trade union leader, led the historic negotiations in the 1990s to end apartheid before launching a business career that made him one of the country’s wealthiest men. He is often accused of failing to confront Zuma while serving as his deputy since 2014. His chances received a boost when parliament speaker Baleka Mbete backed him to be the leader in an eleventh hour intervention. “We publicly endorse Cyril... and we agree on how to approach the issue of maximising unity,” she said outside the conference hall late on Saturday. Ben Payton, an analyst at the global risk consultancy Verisk Maplecroft, said Ramaphosa was well-positioned for victory but Dlamini-Zuma “remains within touching distance of an upset win”. “The conference provides an opportunity for the party to change direction after eight years in which the economy has flatlined, increasingly extreme rhetoric has scared off investors, and corruption has overwhelmed public finances,” he said. - Nampa/AFP biggest threat to our movement.” The five-day ANC meeting outside Johannesburg to elect a new leader is widely seen as a pivotal moment in the country’s post-apartheid history. Zuma also criticised the media, the judiciary, some civil society groups and the private sector in a speech in which he described himself as “an outgoing president”. Zuma must step down as president when his second term ends in 2019. The ANC candidates had agreed “to abide by the outcome of the conference. I want each of them to bear that in mind”, he said. “I am convinced that the ANC will sail through the current rough and stormy seas.” Zuma’s speech was greeted with sparse applause and a partial standing ovation after raucous party delegates had danced and sang songs in support of their chosen candidate to succeed him. Tefu Velaphi, a 38-year-old delegate, told AFP: “Zuma’s legacy is disastrous. He only cares about himself and his friends. We want them to be arrested.” “That lady will protect Zuma,” he said, referring to Dlamini-Zuma. But Matthew Tsepang, one of her supporters, said: “We cannot judge a person by her previous life. She can be a former wife but have her independence. She is a capable leader.” Other leadership hopefuls include presidency minister Jeff Radebe and Zweli Mkhize, the party treasurer. - Nampa/AFP Defining moment … ANC delegates singing as they wait to elect a new leader to replace party leader South African president Jacob Zuma Republic of Namibia Ministry of Urban and Rural Development Directorate of Housing, Habitat, Planning and Technical Service Coordination IINVITATION FOR THE EXPRESSION OF INTEREST (EoI) SC/RP/17-EoI/2017 – Job Attachment for the Ministry’s Engineers-In-Training 1. Background: The Ministry of Urban and Rural Development (Ministry) awarded bursaries to three (3) previously disadvantage Namibian students to further their studies in the field of engineering – Civil Engineering (Bsc) and Architecture (Bsc). After completing their studies and being registered as in-training with their respective professional bodies, they are still required to be attached to private consulting firms specializing in Architecture and Multi-Disciplinary Civil Engineering in order to be mentored under supervision for three (3) years before allowed to apply for full registration. For this purpose, the Ministry would like to call interested Architecture and Multi- Disciplinary Civil Engineering companies and firms to submit their company profile. 2. Overall Objectives: (a) Job attachment for the Graduate-In-Training of the (2) Bsc: Civil Engineers and (1)Bsc: Architecture 3. Qualification Requirements: (a) A company or individual profile indicating all services rendered; (b) A company registration documents/founding statements (c) Proof of professional associates like ECN or NIA/NCAQS; (d) A valid original good standing Social Security Certificate; (e) A valid certified copy of the Affirmative Action Compliance Certificate; (f) Statement indicating the lack of any conflicts of interest with regards services rendered to this Ministry; (g) References showing experience and success factors including skills development practices; (h) References of projects undertaken and core competencies which support the value of the company/firm; 4. EoI must be delivered on or before 08 January 2018 at 11:00am. Late or Electronic EoI “will be” be rejected. EoI will be opened in the presence of the bidders’ representatives who choose to attend in person at the address below; and on the 08 January 2018 at 12:00am. 5. Clarification pertaining to this call for expression of interest should be directed in writing to the following e-mail address: attention Mr. PeyePenda Nghaamwa 6. The address referred to above is: Ministry of Urban and Rural Development Government Office Park, Luther Street, 1st Floor, Bid Submission (Deposited in the bidding box) Windhoek

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New Era Newspaper Vol 22 No 167