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New Era Newspaper Monday December 4, 2017

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14 AFRICA Monday, December 4 2017 | NEW ERA Militia chief arrest ‘dangerous moment’ for Sudan’s Darfur KHARTOUM By arresting Darfur’s powerful militia chief Musa Hilal, Khartoum has tightened its control over Sudan’s strife-torn region but analysts say it might open a new chapter of violence. Hilal, a former aide to President Omar al-Bashir, was arrested last week by Sudan’s counter-insurgency forces near his hometown of Mustariaha in North Darfur state after fierce clashes that left several dead. “This is a dangerous moment actually,” Magnus Taylor, Sudan analyst with the think-tank International Crisis Group, told AFP. “By taking out Musa Hilal, they have pitched two different Darfuri Arab tribes against each other.” Hilal, a powerful leader of the Mahamid tribe, was captured by a unit of the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) led by members of another Arab tribe, Darfur’s biggest, the Rezeigat. “This is the start of intra-fighting, this is only the beginning,” said Ahmed Adam, a research associate at London University. “No doubt, Hilal’s arrest will impact the security and stability of Darfur.” During the initial years of the Darfur conflict that erupted in 2003, Arab militias fought alongside government forces against the region’s black African rebels. Hilal then led the government-allied Arab Janjaweed militia, notorious gunmen on horseback who swept through Darfur marauding villagers and fighting rebels who had taken up arms against Khartoum’s Arabdominated government, accusing it of economic and political marginalisation. The United Nations says hundreds of thousands of people have been killed and another 2.5 million displaced in the conflict. The RSF has also been used to crush rebels in a brutal counterinsurgency launched by Bashir. A joint African Union-United Nations peacekeeping force was deployed in 2007 to bring stability to Darfur – a vast region in western Sudan the size of France. “The previous dynamic in Darfur was militia versus Darfur rebel groups violence,” Taylor said. “Now the most dangerous element is inter-Arab militia violence.” Hilal is subject to a United Nations travel ban and on a list of individuals sanctioned for “human rights atrocities” during the early years of the conflict. Bashir himself is accused by The Hague-based International Criminal Court of genocide and war crimes related to the conflict, charges he denies. Khartoum’s use of scorched-earth tactics against ethnic minority rebels had also been a key factor for Washington to maintain a trade embargo against Sudan imposed in 1997. Washington lifted the embargo on October 12, noting an overall fall in violence in Darfur since last year. Khartoum now insists that the conflict has ended, and it has even launched a campaign to disarm militias operating there. Analysts say the disarmament campaign is primarily aimed at weakening Hilal - who according to a UN report controls several gold mines in Darfur - after a rift with Khartoum. “It is mainly about containing or liquidating Musa Hilal, as well as targeting other black communities and the internally displaced persons,” said Adam, adding that Khartoum had armed these militias in the first place. Although the overall violence has fallen in Darfur, a permanent peace deal between Khartoum and rebels has proved elusive. With the fall in bloodshed, the UN-African Union peacekeeping mission, known as UNAMID, is now being downsized. But Hilal’s arrest at a time when UN peacekeepers are scaling back has the potential to unravel much of the gains achieved in Darfur, a European diplomat said. “This is quite troubling... Musa Hilal is a very important sheikh who has tribal influence,” he told AFP on condition of anonymity. “This could trigger a lot of things, a lot of bad things, and UNAMID won’t be able to stop everything.” – Nampa/AFP UAE ‘deports’ Egypt presidential hopeful Shafiq to Cairo CAIRO UAE officials on Saturday deported former Egyptian premier and presidential hopeful Ahmed Shafiq from the Gulf country he had been living in since 2012 to Egypt after he announced his candidacy in upcoming elections, two of his aides told AFP. Shafiq landed in Cairo airport on Saturday evening and quickly left to an unknown destination, an airport official said. His relatives told AFP almost six hours after his arrival that they did not know his whereabouts. The move comes days after Shafiq, in exile in the UAE since 2012, announced his candidacy in next year’s election and then said he was being prevented from leaving the country, angering his Emirati hosts. The UAE state news agency WAM had reported that Shafiq left the country for Egypt, while his family stayed behind, but did not mention that he had been deported. Shafiq, a former army general appointed as prime minister by Hosni Mubarak, had narrowly lost an election to Islamist president Mohamed Morsi in 2012, a year after Mubarak’s overthrow. He was placed on trial after the polls on corruption charges and acquitted, and one of Shafiq’s lawyers said last year that he was free to return to Egypt. One aide said she witnessed officials arriving at his Abu Dhabi house and was told that Shafiq, seen as a main challenger to President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, would be deported to Egypt on a private plane. “They took him from the house and put him on a private plane. They said he would go back to Cairo, because they can deport him only to his home country,” she said. – Nampa/ AFP GET THE ALL-NEW MAX Enjoy all La Liga games and four new entertainment channels: La Liga games on SuperSport Select 4 (CH34), Sony Max (CH21), Fox (CH 19) and CBS Reality (CH 22). GOtv Max has the GOtv Plus channels, and more. GOtv Plus subscribers can enjoy watching GOtv Max from 1 st October until 31 st October on us. We are entertainment. NEW PACKAGE N$ 190 Over 40 Channels EMPIRE © 2017 Fox and its related entities. All rights reserved.

Monday, December 4 2017 | NEW ERA WORLD 15 Myanmar social media anger after Pope uses ‘Rohingya’ word Share opportunities YANGON Pope Francis’s embrace of the Rohingya during a trip to Bangladesh has sparked some angry comment on social media in Myanmar, where just days earlier he chose not to publicly air their plight. On Friday, the head of the Catholic Church met a group of refugees from Myanmar’s stateless Muslim minority in the Bangladeshi capital Dhaka. He referred to them as “Rohingya” -- a term unacceptable to many in Myanmar where they are reviled as alleged “Bengali” illegal immigrants rather than as a distinct ethnic group. During his public addresses on the previous leg of his trip in mainly Buddhist Myanmar, Francis did not refer to the group by name or directly allude to the crisis in Rakhine state, from where over 620,000 Rohingya have fled since August. His caution initially won applause from Myanmar’s tiny Catholic minority -- who feared a nationalist blowback -- as well as from Buddhist hardliners, who are on the defensive after a global outcry about the treatment of the group. A deadly attack by Rohingya militants on police posts in late August sparked a ferocious crackdown in Rakhine by the Myanmar military, which the US and UN describe as ethnic cleansing. As he arrived back at the Vatican, the pontiff said he had taken up the Rohingya cause in private in Myanmar, also describing how he wept after meeting the group of refugees. “I wept: I tried to do it in a way that it couldn’t be seen,” he told reporters. “They wept too.” The comments sparked a flurry of online anger in Myanmar, a country locked off from modern communications for five decades but which now has an active social media. “He is like a lizard whose colour has changed because of weather,” said Facebook user Aung Soe Lin of the pope’s strikingly different stances on the crisis. “He should be a salesman or broker for using different words even though he is a religious leader,” said another Facebook user called Soe Soe. Myanmar’s Catholic church had advised Francis not to stray into the incendiary issue of the status of the Rohingya in Myanmar, in case he worsened tensions and endangered Christians. In his public addresses he treaded softly on the topic, urging unity, compassion and respect for all ethnic groups – but not naming the Rohingya. “The Pope is a holy person... but he said something here (in Myanmar) and he said different in other country,” another Facebook user Ye Linn Maung posted. “He should say the same things if he loves the truth.” Others were more sanguine about Francis’ choice of language once he had left Myanmar soil. Maung Thway Chun, chairman of an unofficial party of nationalists called the 135 Patriots Party, applauded the pope’s decision not to name the them in Myanmar despite pressure from rights groups. “It means he respects Myanmar people,” he said. “He even did not use the word many times in Bangladesh... I think he said it once, just to comfort human rights organisations.” – Nampa/AFP /555 BIDS ARE INVITED FOR: PROCUREMENT REFERENCE NO: NCS/ONB/TN-33/2017 DESCRIPTION: Provision of Insurance Broker Services to Telecom Namibia PRICE: N0-00 CLOSING DATE: Tuesday, 30 January 2018 at 14:30 (Namibian Time) PROCUREMENT REFERENCE NO: CS/RP/TN-05/2017 DESCRIPTION: Request for Proposal (RFP) for Management Consultancy Services for the Construction of the new Eenhana Telecom Namibia Equipment Building PRICE: N0-00 CLOSING DATE: Tuesday, 30 January 2018 at 14:30 (Namibian Time) PROCUREMENT REFERENCE NO: CS/RP/TN-06/2017 DESCRIPTION: Request for Proposal: Operations Support Systems / Business Support Systems Assurance Consultancy Services PRICE: N0-00 CLOSING DATE: Tuesday, 30 January 2018 at 14:30 (Namibian Time) PROCUREMENT REFERENCE NO: G/ONB/TN-47/2017 DESCRIPTION: Supply, delivery, installation and commissioning of DC Systems to Telecom Namibia for a period of three years PRICE: N00-00 CLOSING DATE: Tuesday, 30 January 2018 at 14:30 (Namibian Time) PROCUREMENT REFERENCE NO: G/ONB/TN-62/2017 DESCRIPTION: Replacement of Enterprise Backup Library Hardware COURSES on Offer PRICE: N0-00 CLOSING DATE: Tuesday, 30 January 2018 at 14:30 (Namibian Time) PROCUREMENT REFERENCE NO: G/ONB/TN-63/2017 DESCRIPTION: Supply and delivery of Promotional Items to Telecom Namibia A VARIETY OF DIPLOMA PROGRAMMES AVAILABLE AT NAMIBIA BUSINESS SCHOOL Applications are now invited for the following programmes: SDP Supervisory Development Programme (Level 5) (Diploma for New Managers) MDP Management Development Programme (Level 6) (Diploma for Middle Managers) Closing date for applications 08 December 2017 For more information on these and all other offerings, please visit our website or contract us on: Tel: +264 61 413 500, Email: SDP Senior Management Development Programme (Level 7) (Diploma for Senior Managers) PRICE: N0-00 CLOSING DATE: Tuesday, 30 January 2018 at 14:30 (Namibian Time) BIDDING DOCUMENTS WILL BE AVAILABLE FROM THE OFFICE OF: THE TENDER SECRETARIAT PROCUREMENT DEPARTMENT DANIËL MUNAMAVA STREET CITY CENTRE WINDHOEK TELEPHONE: + 264 61 201 2930/2329 FAX: + 264 61 224 334 DOCUMENTS TO BE DELIVERED TO: THE PROCUREMENT MANAGEMENT UNIT PROCUREMENT DEPARTMENT DANIËL MUNAMAVA STREET CITY CENTRE WINDHOEK AND TO BE RECEIVED BEFORE THE CLOSING DATE AND TIME. NB: COMPLETED DOCUMENTS SHALL BE HANDED IN AS FOLLOWS: 1 X ORIGINAL AND 1 X COPY IN SEPARATE ENVELOPES ALL CLEARLY MARKED WITH THE PROCUREMENT REFERENCE NUMBER AND "ORIGINAL" AND "COPY". Failure to provide copies may result in the Bid being disqualified. The Bid number and Closing Date shall be clearly indicated on the Original and Copies.

New Era

New Era Newspaper Vol 22 No 167