8 HEALTH Monday, February 26 2018 | NEW ERA HIV message not reaching Ovahimba where it’s needed most REQUEST FOR TENDER INVITATION FOR OPEN INTERNATIONAL BIDDING NAMCOR hereby invites well experienced firms to submit both financial and technical proposals for the SUPPLY AND DELIVERY OF LUBRICANTS TO NAMCOR PETROLEUM TRADING AND DISTRIBUTION PTY LTD FOR A PERIOD OF 5 YEARS. DESCRIPTION: REQUEST FOR TENDER NUMBER: G/OIB/NC-01/2017 SUPPLY AND DELIVERY OF LUBRICANTS TO NAMCOR PETROLEUM TRADING AND DISTRIBUTION PTY LTD FOR A PERIOD OF 5 YEARS The information for the request listed above are defined in the Terms of Reference (TOR) which are available at NAMCOR Petroleum House, 1 Aviation Road, Windhoek. TOR DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FROM: Monday, 12 February 2018 TENDER CLOSING DATE: DOCUMENT COST: SUBMISSION ADDRESS: ENQUIRIES/CLARIFICATIONIS: Friday, 09 March 2018 @ 12:00 pm Namibian Time N$ 1,000.00 per document (non-refundable) Tender Box at Reception NAMCOR Head Office Petroleum House 1 Aviation Road, Windhoek Procurement Management Unit Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Tel: 061-204 5111 / 204 5054 Monday, 26 February 2018 Centre Tal Street 07:00-16:00 United House Centre 08:30-16:00 Swakopmund Town (Ferdinand Stich Str 4) 13:00-18:00 Tuesday, 27 February 2018 Centre Tal Street 07:00-16:00 United House Centre 08:30-16:00 Walvis Bay Town (Behind Welwitschia Medi-park) 13:00-18:00 Wednesday, 28 February 2018 Centre Tal Street 07:00-16:00 United House Centre 08:30-16:00 Rundu Town (Shopping Mall Shoprite) 10:00-16:00 Thursday, 1 March 2018 Centre Tal Street 07:00-18:00 United House Centre 08:30-16:00 Langer Heinrich Uranium Mine 10:00-15:00 Friday, 2 March 2018 Centre Tal Street 07:00-16:00 United House Centre 08:30-16:00 Spar/Wimpy (Swakopmund) 10:00-15:00 Sponsored by: Alvine Kapitako Windhoek The message on effective contraceptive use, particularly the promotion of condom use to prevent unwanted pregnancies, HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases, is not reaching the people who need it the most in rural communities. These are the views of the councillor of the Sesfontein constituency, Julius Kaujova, who told New Era that the people of Kunene and in particular the Ovahimba communities are deeply rooted in culture that they do not adhere to modern practices such as safe sex. Last week, New Era reported on a child bride who was married off at the age of eight. Recently, however, she and her 56-year-old husband who also has another wife, had their first sexual encounter. Asked on whether they used protection, the 16-year-old, Zerihongua Muhenje reluctantly replied “yes”. “These things (child marriages) are happening in the remote areas and there are no health extension workers in the remote areas to inform the public on HIV. The message is not reaching those who need the information the TENDER Tenders are invited for: MTC 01/18/I - REQUEST FOR INFORMATION FOR A VOICEMAIL (CALL COMPLETION) SYSTEM MTC hereby invites companies to submit information for the above mentioned RFI CLOSING DATE: Friday, 28th February 2018, 14:30 Price: Free Documents will be available on: Friday, 9th February 2018 at MTC Head Office: C/O Mose Tjitendero & Hamutenya Wanahepo Ndadi Streets Olympia, Windhoek Enquiries and requests for clarification should be directed to: E-mail: email@example.com Phone +264 61 280 2134 Documents are to be collected & delivered to: The Manager: Procurement C/O Mose Tjitendero & Hamutenya Wanahepo Ndadi Streets, Olympia, Windhoek Before closing date and time. mtc.com.na A cultural thing… Zerihongua Muhenje (right) was married off when she was eight. The use of contraceptives, particularly condoms, to prevent HIV is a concern in the Kunene Region. This photo is for illustration only. most,” said Kaujova. The health extension workers go out in the communities within their reach to educate the public on HIV related matters. “The health extension workers’ centre their HIV message on ABC (abstinence, be faithful and condomise),” said Kaujova. He further said there are no funds to go very far in the remote areas. “The Ovahimba people are deeply rooted in their own traditions, norms and standards and it is very rare for the Ovahimba to marry outside, that’s why child marriages are rife among them. In a way, it’s also a form of survival because those who marry off these children get a form of inheritance,” explained Kaujova. It is for this reason that health extension workers such as Hugo Tjikuara who works in the Otjokavare Catchment area in Sesfontein constituency focus their messages on couples testing for HIV. “…It’s a culture, you can’t change anything. I, as a health extension worker, can’t change anything because they are already marrying each other as their culture dictates. But we advise them to get tested for HIV to be sure that one partner is not passing on the virus to the other,” said Tjikuara. Despite having the lowest proportion of pregnant women delivering in health facilities, according to the 2013 Demographic and Health survey, the Kunene Region has one of the highest teenage pregnancy rates, according to statistics. Tjikuara said that health extension workers promote the use of contraceptives in schools because that is where “children get pregnant the most”. WEATHERMEN & CO
NEW ERA | 58 pass final Chartered Accountant qualification exams Page 10 Ramaphosa must commit to payment plan to pay business suppliers, says DA Page 11 INSIDE USINESS This news is your business World’s largest diamond mining vessel to be used off Namibian coast Edgar Brandt Windhoek The De Beers Group has confirmed that a Scandanavian shipbuilder has commenced what will eventually be the world’s largest diamond mining vessel for Debmarine Namibia, a joint venture held in equal shares between the government of Namibia and De Beers. De Beers Group Chief Executive Officer, Bruce Cleaver, who disclosed this to New Era in an exclusive interview on Thursday, said the vessel would be used exclusively for operations off Namibia’s coast once it is completed in about three years. Speaking from his London-based office, Cleaver said the new vessel is in line with Debmarine Namibia’s strategy to expand marine diamond mining operations in Namibia, as land-based operations in the country gradually slow down. “We have to appreciate what Namdeb (the other 50/50 joint venture between government and De Beers) has accomplished but we have to recognise that Namdeb has entered a very challenging phase in its life cycle,” said Cleaver, adding that there is “tremendous potential” in Namibia’s marine diamond mining. The hull of the new Debmarine Namibia vessel will cost in the range of N billion while industry experts estimate that the ownerfitted equipment, such as plant and mining tools, is anticipated to be another N billion. The new vessel is expected to commence operations in 2021 and will work alongside the other five Debmarine Under construction… The new vessel that will cost in the range of N billion is expected to commence operations in 2021. It will work alongside five other mining vessels in the Debmarine Namibia, which is Namdeb’s marine operations. Photo: Contributed Namibia mining vessels. The new vessel is expected to enhance the miner’s ability to recover diamonds off Namibia’s Atlantic coastline and 176 metres long will be two metres longer than the MV Mafuta, which is currently the largest vessel in the fleet. The SS Nujoma, which was delivered three months ahead of schedule and under budget, was officially inaugurated in June 2017 and is fully operational. Cleaver also shared De Beers’ preliminary financial results for 2017 which indicated that total revenue for the Group declined by four percent to US.8 billion (2016: US.1 billion) – as expected, given the benefit of strong midstream restocking in the first half of 2016. The average realised rough diamond price decreased by 13 percent to US2/carat (2016: 7/carat) mainly owing to a lower value mix. This was partly offset by an 8 percent increase in consolidated sales volumes to 32.5 million carats (2016: 30.0 million carats). The Group’s capital expenditure reduced by 48 percent to US3 million (2016: 26 million), mainly owing to the completion of major projects, including Namibia’s new exploration and sampling vessel, the SS Nujoma; and planned lower waste capitalisation at other mines. The preliminary financial results further indicate that underlying EBITDA increased by two percent to US,435 million (2016: US,406 million) despite lower revenue following the one-off industry midstream restocking in 2016. This performance was driven by improved margins, which benefited from lower unit costs, supported by higher production and efficiency drives across the business. Cleaver continued that early signs are that global consumer demand for diamond jewellery registered positive growth in 2017 in US dollar terms, following a marginal increase in 2016. “Sustained diamond jewellery demand growth in the US was once again the main contributor to this positive outcome. Demand for diamond jewellery by Chinese consumers grew marginally, in local currency and dollar terms. In contrast, consumer demand for diamonds softened in India and the Gulf states, both in local currency and dollar terms, while Japan’s consumer demand growth was flat in local currency and lower in dollars,” Cleaver explained. Diamond producers’ primary stocks are estimated to have reduced considerably during the first half of 2017, as sentiment in the midstream improved and rough and polished inventories normalised for businesses in this segment of the value chain. Overall, Cleaver noted additional consumer marketing undertaken during the main selling season had a positive effect on polished demand in the US, China and India in the final quarter of the year, leading to a positive impact on overall polished inventories. Closer to home, Namdeb Holdings, production increased by 15 percent to 1.8 million carats (2016: 1.6 million carats), primarily owing to higher production from Debmarine’ Mafuta vessel, driven by higher mining rates following an extended scheduled in-port during 2016. At Namdeb’s land operations, production rose by 6 percent, despite challenging conditions, including grade variability owing to the nature of alluvial deposits, structural cost pressures, and some operations nearing the end of their lives. In South Africa, De Beers Consolidated Mines production increased by 23 percent to 5.2 million carats (2016: 4.2 million carats), primarily owing to Venetia, driven by higher grades as well as improved operational performance benefiting tonnes treated. Construction continues on the Venetia Underground Mine, which is expected to become the mine’s principal source of production during 2023. Central bank unpacks opportunities, risks of cryptocurrencies Staff Reporter Windhoek The Bank of Namibia held a public lecture to unpack opportunities and risks presented by the ongoing craze around crypto-currencies as well as the block-chain technology, which underpins virtual currencies. Dr Joachim Bald, a consultant based at the Frankfurt School of Finance and Management, delivered the public lecture exclusively organised for the bank’s stakeholders and policymakers. The Deputy Governor of the Bank of Namibia, Ebson Uanguta, welcomed the over 57 invited stakeholders, who included the Minister of Finance, Calle Scheltwein. Uanguta stated that the new wave of technological innovations – called fintech – has accelerated change in the financial sector: “We need to be aware and fully understand fintechs so as to take certain appropriate and informed decisions.” In his presentation, Bald clarified the widely held notion that virtual currencies are a form of money, arguing that the essential functions of money – that of being a medium of exchange, a store of value and a unit of account – may not be present in cryptocurrencies. He said although cryptocurrency mining is a necessary tool to control money creation and keep the currency in scarce supply thus boosting demand, the emission gains (seigniorage) are squandered through timeconsuming and energy-intensive computations. Bald further punched holes in beliefs that the blockchain is a safe medium, stating that the innovation has been hacked before and therefore it is potentially vulnerable: “The trading venues and exchanges are shockingly amateurish accompanied by crashes and huge spreads everywhere, he said.” In his opinion, Bald believes that because of the high volatility of cryptocurrencies they are bound to crash: “They are a straight-up ‘pump and dump’ Ponzi scheme.” Bald concluded the seminar with his personal advice to stakeholders to think twice about the sustainability of the cryptocurrencies phenomenon but emphasized that the underlying technology, blockchain, has great innovation potential for the real sector and encouraged research in that area. The Bank of Namibia published a position paper on Distributed Ledger Technologies (Blockchain) and Virtual Currencies last year. The paper indicated that the bank does not consider virtual currencies to be legal tender and a payment instrument in Namibia, and cautioned users to be aware of the risks involved. Additionally, trading in virtual currencies is not currently regulated in Namibia and thus individuals that engage in such trading would be doing so at their own risk. These include credit, liquidity, operational and legal risks. Further, the paper cautioned users of virtual currencies to be aware of risks related to money laundering and the financing of terrorism when engaging in the trading of virtual currencies.