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New Era Newspaper Monday October 16, 2017

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16 AFRICA Monday, October 16 2017 | NEW ERA SA President Zuma must face corruption charges, court rules President Jacob Zuma Pman01 JOHANNESBURG South Africa’s President Jacob Zuma must face charges of corruption, fraud, racketeering and money laundering, the Supreme Court of Appeal ruled on Friday. It agreed with a lower court ruling last year that prosecutors could bring back 783 counts Bringing fish to the nation National Fish Consumption Day 2017 The ocean meets the Kavango River Market Day Soccer tournament Finals Music Concert Fish exhibitions & Sales Kids Entertainment Plus many more activities! 20 until 21 October 2017 Nkurenkuru, Public Open Space, 10h00 until late us on #TrustFish #LineekelaEeshi #InekelaOohi of corruption relating to a 1999 arms deal. The charges had been set aside eight years ago, enabling Mr Zuma to become president. The president has always maintained his innocence. ruling was “disappointing”, but anticipated. The president now expected South Africa’s National Prosecuting Authority (NPA) to consider representations from his legal team before making a decision about whether to prosecute him, it added. The charges relate to Mr Zuma’s relationship with a businessman, Shabir Shaik, who was tried and found guilty in 2005 of soliciting bribes from a French arms company Mr Zuma and other been accused of taking kickbacks from the pur- boats and other arms. Charges were first brought against Mr Zuma in 2005 but dropped by prosecutors in 2009. Last year, the High Court in the capital, Pretoria, ruled in a case brought by the opposition Democratic Alliance that he should face the charges. Mr Zuma went on to lodge a challenge with the Supreme Court of Appeal. Mr Zuma’s presidential term ends in 2019, when he will not be eligible to stand in another election having already His eventful presidency has seen him survive eight votes of no- the most colourful and controversial president South Africa has had since white-minority rule ended in 1994. BBC At least 30 dead in Mogadishu blasts MOGADISHU A massive bomb attack in a busy area of the Somali capital Mogadishu has killed at least 30 people, police say. Dozens more were wounded when a lorry packed with explosives detonated near the entrance of a hotel. Police say two people were killed in a second bomb attack in the Madina district of the city. It is not clear who staged the attacks. Mogadishu is a regular target for the al-Qaeda linked al-Shabab group, which is battling the government. police captain Mohamed Hussein told Reuters news agency: “It was a truck bomb. There are casualties but we do not know the exact amount as the scene is still burning.” Witnesses told the BBC they believed dozens of people were dead. A BBC Somali reporter at the scene said the Safari Hotel had collapsed, with people thought to be trapped under the rubble. – BBC

Monday, October 16 2017| NEW ERA WORLD 17 Once promised paradise, IS Ammar Karim and Maher al-Mounes Dhuluiyah The Islamic State group once drew recruits from near and far with promises of paradise but now bodies of jihadists lie in mass graves or at the mercy of wild dogs as its “caliphate” collapses. Flies buzz around human remains poking through the dusty earth in the Iraqi town of Dhuluiyah, 90 kilometres (55 miles) north of Baghdad, at a hastily dug pit containing the bodies of dozens of IS “They should have ended up in the stomachs of stray dogs,” local told AFP. “We buried them here not out of love but because we wanted to avoid diseases.” At one stage, IS ruthlessly wielded power over a vast swathe of territory straddling Iraq and Syria, but a military onslaught on multiple to a last few pockets. strikes in Iraq and Syria against the group, a US-led coalition says around 80,000 jihadists have been killed. The overall number of dead is higher if you include those targeted by Russian and Syrian strikes. In agricultural Dhuluiyah on the banks of the Tigris river, residents faced a common dilemma over what after local Sunni militiamen beat “We could have thrown them into the water, but we love the river too much to pollute it,” said the local policeman, who lost his own brother in the violence. “The people here as well as their - animals drink from the Tigris.” they said they refused to honour them with Islamic rites. “We buried them with bulldozers. Even in the ground they are “They said that they would go to paradise to enjoy the gardens of delights, but this is how they ended up.” The desolate site is in stark contrast to a nearby graveyard surrounded by a red-brick wall a few hundred metres (yards) away. There the “martyrs” who died helping to stop the jihadist advance lie in well-tended tombs adorned with their portraits and shaded by trees. Elsewhere, in western Iraq’s Anbar province, the luckiest among the IS dead appear to be those killed during its offensives against the major city captured by the group in makeshift cemetery bear the noms by their comrades. But as Iraqi forces in Anbar now look to oust the jihadists from their final footholds, operation insisted any jihadists killed will end up in mass graves. A similar fate befell IS members largest urban stronghold in Iraq There, a senior Iraqi commander told AFP, authorities used earthmoving equipment “to bury the jihadists after we collected information on their identities and nationalities”. Across the border in Syria -- where competing Russian and US-backed offensives are squeezing IS -- the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights estimates some 50,000 IS members have been killed. As clashes rage with the jihadists, one Syrian commander said is not a priority. “At the moment, we are more interested in what happens above the ground than under it,” he told AFP. Another military source said the useful intelligence. “The terrorists try to collect to identify the foreigners for a possible information swap with their home countries,” the source said. In the desert plains that the jihadists once dominated, the bodies of pro-regime militia head told AFP. “The desert dogs are waiting for ends, the dogs come out from hiding to look for bodies.” A spokesman for the US-backed force close to ousting IS from the city of Raqa said the bodies of the group’s members were “generally buried” whenever possible. “But sometimes due to snipers or because they are under rubble, some of the bodies end up rotting,” said Syrian Defence Forces repre- left forgotten, IS appears to have ing places of prominent Western jihadists. “Figures who were well-known and wanted by the international community are buried at secret locations,” said Syrian Observatory head Rami Abdel Rahman. Those include notorious British - Adnani and military leader Omar al-Shishani. There has been no record of bodies of foreign jihadists being repatriated, said Abdel Rahman. – Nampa/AFP Five things to know about China’s Communist congress China’s Communist Party opens its day, a twice-a-decade political positions. Here are five questions and answers regarding the opaque selection process: China’s Communist Party has - which has held absolute power across the country will descend on Beijing in a highly choreographed event to pick members of the The committee will name the line-up of the country’s anti-graft watchdog, the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI). It will also select members for all-powerful Standing Committee -- the country’s highest leadership body comprising just seven people. The Standing Committee will be unveiled at the end of the congress, which usually lasts about a week. At the very top, President Xi secretary of the party, like his two Xi will speak at the conclave to summarise the country’s achieve- The current Standing Committee consists of Xi, Premier Li Keqiang, Career bureaucrats who rose through the Communist party ranks over decades, these seven men call the shots in the world’s most populous country, each getting one vote on key policy decisions. As general secretary, Xi reigns supreme, setting the agendas for their frequent, secret meetings. One other man stands out from powerful right-hand man and heads the president’s sweeping anti-corruption campaign, which has brought down senior and lower- tee members aged 68 or above at the time of the party congress have stepped down, abiding by the un- If the informal rule is upheld this will step down, leaving only Xi, politicians are also due to retire. But there is much speculation that tradition may be broken this year, with some analysts predicting to stay on despite being 69. Such a move would allow Xi to keep a close ally. But it would also set a precedent for Xi to remain on the committee at the next congress China’s constitution limits the year terms, but there are no rules for the duration of party jobs -- where the real power lies -- except a ban on “lifelong tenure”. This has heightened speculation that Xi may try to stay in power in cially since no one has emerged as a clear frontrunner to succeed him. In late September, former Politburo member and Chongqing party as a strong contender for a leadership job, was expelled from the Communist ranks after being swept up in Xi’s anti-graft campaign. Sun’s job in Chongqing and served - could now get a spot in the higher Another contender is Hu Chun- prosperous southern province of Analysts expect Xi to consolidate his power at the congress, most powerful ruler since Deng One strong indicator of his elevation into this exclusive pantheon of Chinese leaders would be if his name is added to the party’s constitution. has had one of his personal politi- in the constitution. opment” were both written into the document, but without their names. Only two philosophies have names attached to them in the Xiaoping Theory”. said last month that the constitution will be amended during the con- concepts, thoughts and strategies” developed by the Central Commit- ago. – Nampa/AFP

New Era

New Era Newspaper Vol 22 No 167