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New Era Newspaper Thursday April 26, 2018

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6 NEWS Thursday, April 26 2018 | NEW ERA Namibia: lessons on community water management for semidesert African countries Leonie Joubert Windhoek Southern African countries with semi-arid climates will face increasingly complex water management challenges, as their regions become hotter and drier, and critical water supplies will come under greater pressure. Allowing local communities to partner in water management is key to governments meeting their service delivery obligations. But communities need skills training, resources, and support to be able to work effectively in managing day-to-day water service delivery. searchers from the African Climate & Development Initiative (ACDI) University of Cape Town (UCT) in South Africa, who visited communities in northern Namibia between 2015 and 2017 in order to examine how effective Namibia’s ‘decentralised’ water management policy has been since the country’s independence in 1990. The ACDI team worked with colleagues from the University of Namibia (UNAM) to better under-stand the challenges faced in semi-arid countries like Namibia as climate change threatens to put greater pressure on already overstretched water resources. Since independence, Namibia’s national government rolled out infrastructure in order to bring water services to rural communities in the form of water access through piped water, boreholes, communal water points, and shared livestock water troughs. While higher tiers of government were responsible for the infrastructure, state policy devolved the day-to-day administration of water distribution and payment to local communities. This is done through Water Point Associations, which are managed by community volunteers. This policy is in step with global trends towards a more inclusive approach to resource governance and management, according to UCT associate professor Gina Ziervogel, with the ACDI. ACDI researchers visited villages in the Onesi Constituency in northern Namibia to test whether this management approach was allowing for effective water delivery. “What we found in our visits to northern Namibia, is that this decentralisation process doesn’t necessarily address the needs of the local people,” explains Irene Kunamwene, a doctoral re-searcher with ACDI. After interviewing water committee volunteers from three villages, Kunamwene found that a shortage of skills and capacity among water committee members undermined their ability to de-liver water to the people who need it most. Volunteers take on the responsibility of negotiating with communities how they will pay for their or per volume of water purchased. They must also make sure someone is available each day to unlock the communal tap, dispense water, and document how much each household takes each day. Come month-end, the committee secretary must collect payments. This means that volunteers need to be basically numerate and literate, but also need negotiation and mediation skills. Many received little training in how to manage the water delivery and payment system, and were not instructed in how to oversee maintenance and repairs. “In semi-arid parts of Southern Africa, like Namibia, water resources are already pressured,” ex-plains Ziervogel, “and things will get tougher in future as the climate here becomes hotter, drier, and less predictable.” it comes to governance issues in managing increasingly pressured water resources in semi-arid countries, local communities should be included in governance pro-cesses, but that they need skills training and resources. Decision makers need to understand the unique context of each community situation. All involved parties need to meet regularly in order to build trust and agree, together, on appropriate water governance solutions. And all involved government departments need to work together to coordinate their joint responses, as the impacts of climate change on water resources are seldom the mandate of one department. *This article was funded by ASSAR (Adaptation at Scale in Semi-Arid Regions), a research consortium looking at climate change in semi-arid parts of Africa and India. Ongha school to host 40th anniversary end of June FOR LOCAL PROCUREMENT MANAGEMENT UNIT VISION STATEMENT We commit to make Otjiwarongo a vibrant socio-economic powerhouse INTENTION TO LEASE / SELL IMMOVABLE PROPERTY NOTICE is hereby given in terms of section 63(2)(b) of the Local Authorities Act 1992 (as amended) that the Municipality of Otjiwarongo intends to lease / sell by way of private treaty the following immovable properties as indicated below: The detailed information of the immovable properties are as follows: Staff Reporter Windhoek Ongha former learner and organising committee member for the 40th anniversary, Pastor Tylväs Haitula. Photo: Emmency Nuukala Ongha Secondary School will be celebrating its 40th anniversary and the same time host their reunion from June 28 to July 1 this year. The school was established in January 1978 by founding principal, Muahafa Nathaniel, with 350 learners and 11 teachers. At its inception the school had only two grades, Standard 6 with eight classes and Standard 7 with two classes. According to former learner and organising committee member, Pastor Tylväs Haitula, the aim of the event is to bring together former learners who regarded Ongha Secondary School as their second home. Haitula stated the event is also to glorify and honour God’s grace that has been upon them all the past 40 years. Founding learners of the school who hold high ranking positions in various sectors include Khomas Police Regional Commander, Commissioner Silvanus Nghishidimbwa, Dr Linda Nghipondoka, Dr Reverend Martin Ngodji, Ms Lapaka Ueyulu and Mr Haininga Demetrius, among other learners. According to Haitula, who said tion, the festivity is not limited to former and current learners only, but family members of learners, their children and the community at large. He said they will also honour those who have passed on. This celebration will be hosted under the leadership of incumbent principal Nghituwamhata Simon. Haitula said participants like teachers and learners will be divided into eight groups according to grade classes and will compete in sports. The event will start on June 28 with a parade on the B1 road starting from Ondeihaluka to Ongha (etenda) and turn back to the school and that will be around 09:00. Events include presenting gifts to the school as token of appreciation, selling of items, sports among former learners and classes, a beauty pageant with school learners and learners from neighbouring schools, gala dinner and entertainment. The event will end with a church service. Property Size Name of lessee / purchaser Usage Lease duration Lease amount per month Price of land A portion of Portion 308 of Otjiwarongo Townlands No. 18 7 Hectares ( 70 000 m 2 ) Mr. Wolfhart Dieckmann Set up a Weighbridge 1 (one) year N$ 2000.00 N$ 50.00 /m 2 (N$ 3.5 Million) Any person objecting to the proposed transaction based on the same usage and activity may lodge motivated objections OTJIWARONGO; to reach him not later than 18 May 2018 at 11H00. Any further enquiries in this regard can be directed to Mr. Gotlieb Nghinongelwa or Mrs Inge Kaveterua at 067 302231. I /Howoseb 2 Kreft Street CEO OTJIWARONGO 2018.04.25 “ Otjiwarongo – Cheetah capital of the world” PROCUREMENT REQUEST FOR OPEN NATIONAL BIDDING Tender Number: Closing Date: G/ONB/NCAA-01/2018 11 May 2018 @ 10h00 Compilation and Printing ( 50 copies with additional on request) of Annual Report for the next three (3) years Web Please contact: Ms Athella Strauss, Tel: 061-702285, Mr. Bryn Stafford-Evans, Tel: 0832352151,

Thursday, April 26 2018 | NEW ERA NEWS 7 Judge orders revision of archaic Will Act Roland Routh Windhoek ele on Monday ordered that the Law Reform and Development Commission investigate the possibility of revising the Will Act that dates back to 1953 to address “the violation of the fundamental human rights that may be caused by the strict and unyielding interpretation of the 1953 Will Act”. Among the provisions in the old Act are that a Last Will and Testament is only valid if it is signed on each page. Because of these provisions the Master of the High Court had refused to accept as valid the Last Will and Testament of the late Linea Peneyambeko Nuugwedha, who only signed the last page of the will and initialed on the other pages. The Master of the High Court reasoned that the will has not been completed in the manner prescribed in the Act. Nuugwedha’s children, who are the heirs, then approached the High Court to declare the will executed because it is a valid Last Will and Testatement of the late Nuugwedha. The children Gina Nelao Wetutala Mwoombola, the biological children of the late Nuugwedha, indicated that their mother made her will the day before she died and she was so frail that she only had the energy to the last page. However this was in contravention of the rules and regulations of the 953 Act and the Master rejected the will as invalid. After hearing arguments on the matter, Judge Ueitele directed the Master to accept and register the testament as the valid will and last testament of the late Nuugwedha for Act 66 of 1965. He further ordered the Chief Registrar of the High Court to provide a copy of the judgement for the personal attention of the Chairperson of the Law Reform and Development Commission for her to investigate the issues raised in the judgement. These issues involve the question of whether the strict application of statutory provisions are not a violation of fundamental human rights as enshrined in the Namibian Constitution. According to Judge Ueitele the matter is of such a distressing nature, not because of any wrongdoing on anyone’s part, but simply because the law was followed to the letter. The judge quoted from an article which in part said: “Our law relating to the execution of wills has retained many forms which are relics of its Roman and Dutch past.” “In my view the question that confronts me has arisen at a different historical period in our development,” the judge said. “The issue has arisen at a period when Namibia as a nation became a constitutional state and where constitutional supremacy has replaced parliamentary supremacy or sovereignty. It is therefore no longer appropriate for courts to simply defer to what parliament of the legislature says, but to go further and ask the question whether the statutory provisions, in question, promote the spirit of the constitution and whether the strict application of the statutory provision will or will not amount to the violation or negation of a fundamental human right,” said the judge. ciple of wills enshrined in the constitution is the freedom of testation. The judge went on to say although the legislature limits the power of testation in various ways within the province that remains to the testamentary power, virtually the entire law of wills derive from the premise that a person has the fundamental right to dispose of his or her property as he pleases in death as in life. Dentistry school the bridge between industry and society Alvine Kapitako Windhoek One of the major roles of the newly established School of Dentistry at the University of Namibia is to produce reliable, evidence based dental research and data. The head of the School of Dentistry Professor Risto Tuominen believes that with the necessary support, especially from the Ministry of Health and Social Services, the school which opened this year can go beyond teaching dentists by providing other dental services, including research. The new ambulatory building situated at the Faculty of Health Sciences would be handed over to Unam by the end of April. At the moment, the building remains unoccupied as the dentistry students are studying basic science, anatomy, physiology and other subjects with medical students at the other medical faculty auditoriums. “They (students) are not in the dental school yet so Unam could provide space for training interns already after a couple of months,” said the professor. This year, the dental school admitted 23 students out of 632 applicants. “We only had 15 seats but we decided to increase the number of intake to 23 students,” said Tuominen. The current students are all Namibians and although there were applications from SADC countries, Tuominen explained “our aim is to serve Namibia. If resources allow in future we will accept foreign is to serve Namibia,” said Namibian opposition parties were too passive and failed to hold President Hage Geingob to account during his State of the Nation Address (SONA), Rally for Democracy and Progress (RDP) secretary gen- In an interview with Nampa which covered an array of accused his fellow opposition leaders of failing to rise to the occasion when it mattered most. “They were too accommodative of the president and that is to the detriment of the people who voted for you,” He, however, singled out Popular Democratic Movement President McHenry Venaani as the only politician to Tuominen. Depending on how Unam and the Ministry of Health and Social Services agree on the use of the dental school, providing services such as internships and dental research can commence as early as this year because the facilities are already available in the ambulatory building. Tuominen touched on the curriculum, saying it is solid and has been developed between many dental schools. Ten different teams worked in the specialty areas including oral hygiene, restorative dentistry, orthodontics and radiology. The teams were from different universities and the cur- and American requirements. As from their second year, Politics is not a love Progress… The School of Dentistry should be handed over to Unam by the end of this month. have asked Geingob pertinent questions on 11 April 2018. “You can’t say you have nothing to say or ask the president during the SONA. Are you saying you are happy with the state of our economy? Are you saying housing isn’t a problem? Are you telling me that our health and education are in a sound state?” he said in reference to Swanu of Namibia MP Usutuaije Maamberua, who reserved his questions on the day for a different platform. The RDP secretary general went on to appeal to politicians, whether from the ruling or opposition parties, to be assertive. “Be assertive, not passive. As a politician, when the president tells you that one plus one equals four, you must be able to stand up to him and say, ‘No Mr President, it’s not students at the newly established dental school will start with practicals. First they practise in simulation labs on plastic teeth on which they will drill and extract plastic teeth. This, Tuominen explained, is to equip students with knowledge of what to do before attending “Next year they are going to practise a lot in the simulation lab. This year they will just do basic sciences with medical students,” he added. dentists, students attend a internship. Tuominen added that the School of Dentistry will also offer internships (when everything is in place) for students Mike Kavekotora true,’” he said. must understand that politics is not a love affair. “You have to understand the game of politics and rules of the game. We are not in a game of love.” On President Geingob’s edged that he addressed some pertinent issues affecting the majority of Namibians. “The value is not in what he says. The test lies in the from outside Namibia. There is a need for dentists in Namibia and the country will not anytime soon be in oversupply of dentists, explained Tuominen. There are about 250 dentists in the country. Most of these are concentrated in Windhoek and a few in some towns such as Swakopmund, added the professor. “Where I come from (Finland), we have twice the number of people compared to here and we have 5,000 dentists. We don’t have unemployed dentists, they are all working. People shouldn’t think where will the dentists that we are training go? Up north and many other places in the country there are so many people who need dental services and treatment.” implementation which we continue to fail in,” he said. vekotora was that Geingob “failed to highlight the failure of the Harambee Prosperity Plan”. When approached by Nampa on Tuesday, Maamberua declined to comment, questioning why “those who feel others failed to hold the president accountable, did not ask questions themselves.” Another opposition leader, Salmon Fleermuys of the Workers Revolutionary Party “It is not true. I asked the president pertinent questions on human rights and conventions that Namibia is signatory to, but yet people are denied these rights,” said Fleermuys. On the day, Fleermuys rose to request the government to recognise former South West Africa Territorial as veterans – which, however, was shot down by Geingob. – Nampa

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New Era Newspaper Vol 22 No 167