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New Era Newspaper Thursday December 14, 2017

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16 AFRICA

16 AFRICA Thursday, December 14 2017 | NEW ERA Innocent Ruwende Harare people of Zimbabwe under his -The Herald Sudan papers go online for freedom from censors Burundi president launches campaign to extend rule Evolution… Khartoum on December 11, 2017. By Abdelmoneim Abu Idris Ali Khartoum Seated in his Khartoum “We are free to publish what we want on our online newspaper,” Baz, a former print newspaper editor, told About a dozen internet papers Baz, who was jailed in the past for In 2012, he shut down his paper, Taha Osman, who now resides in These journals lost thousands Curbs on press freedom are be authorised to ban a newspaper order if it wants to ban a newspaper The draft law also permits the more online journals, all of them new online newspapers had their “The response to our online the freedom of expression it is be turned journalist, whose newspaper -Nampa / AFP Burundian President Pierre the referendum, would allow warn those who want to sabo in 2015 when Nkrunziza ran for 500 and 2,000 people are Nampa / AFP

Thursday, December 14 2017 | NEW ERA WORLD 17 Prosecutors urge trial for suspect in Paris synagogue bombing Erdogan urges recognition of Jerusalem as Palestinian capital PARIS French prosecutors have called for a Lebanese-Canadian academic suspected of the deadly 1980 bombing of a Paris synagogue to be put on trial, sources close to the investigation told AFP yesterdayu. evidence” against Hassan Diab, who has been in preventive custody since his extradition from Canada in 2014, to try him over the October 3, 1980 attack, the sources said. The explosion, which left four dead and around 40 wounded, the French Jewish community World War II. Diab, a 64-year-old Canadian of Lebanese descent who taught sociology at an Ottawa university, is accused of having carried out the attack on behalf of the Special Operations branch of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP). French investigators believe he planted the bomb inside the saddle bag of a motorbike parked outside the packed synagogue near the Champs-Elysees, where hundreds of people had gathered for Sabbath prayers. By way of evidence, they point to a sketch of the bomber resembling Diab, the discovery of a passport in his name with entry and exit stamps from Spain, where the bomber is believed to Diab was a member of the PFLP in the early 1980s. Diab insists that he was taking exams in Beirut at the time of the attack, which witnesses have corroborated. The prosecution has admitted to “doubts” about his whereabouts but said it is a matter for a court to resolve. the case should go to trial will be taken by an investigating magistrate. Diab was arrested by Canadian police in November 2008, at the request of French authorities, and extradited six years later. He has been charged with murder, attempted murder and destruction of property as part of a criminal organisation. On two occasions, he was granted bail only to be taken back into custody after the decisions were overturned on appeal. A group of Canadian artists, activists and politicians, includ- and political activist Naomi Klein, have taken up his case, urging Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to intervene to secure his release. - NAMPA / AFP Support… ISTANBUL Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan yesterday urged the world to recognise occupied East Jerusalem as the “capital of Palestine”, as Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas warned there could be no peace in the Middle East until such a move was made. Erdogan opened in Istanbul an emergency summit of the world’s main pan-Islamic body the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), seeking to marshal Muslim leaders towards a coordinated response to the US recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital. Abbas warned that the United States has lost its role as the mediator in the peace process between Israel and the Palestinians as a result of the move by US President Donald Trump. Erdogan -- who regards himself a champion of the Palestinian cause -- described Israel as and “terror”. “With this decision, Israel was rewarded for all the terrorist activities it has carried out. It is Trump who bestowed this award even,” he said. Erdogan added: “I am inviting the countries who value international law and fairness to recognise occupied Jerusalem as the capital of Palestine,” saying Islamic countries would “never give up” on this demand. Abbas warned that there could be “no peace or stability” in the Middle East until Jerusalem is recognised as the capital of a Palestinian state. “Jerusalem is and will forever be the capital of the Palestinian state... There will be no peace, no stability without that,” Abbas told the meeting. He slammed the recognition by Trump of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel as a “gift” to the “Zionist movement” as if he “were giving away an American city,” adding that Washington no longer had any role to play in the Middle East peace process. “We do not accept any role of the United States in the political process from now on. Because it is completely biased towards Israel,” he said. Erdogan, whose country holds the rotating chairmanship of the OIC, will be hoping to unite often feuding Muslim ment on the move by Trump. His top diplomat early Wednesday indicated that Ankara would be pushing for OIC states to, in a counter move, recognise East Jerusalem as the capital of a future Palestinian state. “This step taken by the US legitimises the occupation,” of the Palestinian territories, Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavsuoglu told a meeting of OIC foreign ministers. “We will never be silent,” he said, urging countries to recognise Palestine on the basis of its 1967 borders with East Jerusalem as the capital. But bridging the gaps in a Muslim political community that includes arch rivals Sunni Saudi Arabia and Shiite Iran will be a far from easy task, let alone announcing any concrete measures agreed between the 57 OIC member states. Aaron Stein, resident senior fellow at the Atlantic Coun- the Middle East, told AFP he believed Muslim leaders would merely “issue a boiler-plate condemnation”. Several key players, like Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, are unlikely to want to risk their key relationship with Washington for the sake of an anti-Washington OIC statement. Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, Jordanian King Abdullah II and Lebanese President Michel Aoun are among the heads of state attending, as well as the emirs of Qatar and Kuwait. Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, who is wanted by the International Criminal Court for genocide and war crimes, was also in attendance. However the level of Saudi representation -- critical if the term credibility -- was only at the level of a senior foreign Arab countries have so far condemned Israel without announcing any concrete measures. Jerusalem’s status is perhaps the most sensitive issue in Israel sees the entire city as its undivided capital, while the Palestinians want the eastern sector as the capital of their future state. Trump’s announcement last week prompted an outpouring of anger in the Muslim and Arab world, where tens of thousands of people took to the streets to denounce the Jewish state and show solidarity with the Palestinians. The decision sparked protests in Palestinian territories, with four Palestinians killed so far in clashes or Israeli air strikes in response to rocket wounded. -NAMPA / AFP

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New Era Newspaper Vol 22 No 167

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