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New Era Newspaper Tuesday August 15, 2017

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18 AFRICA

18 AFRICA Tuesday, August 15 2017 | NEW ERA 18 dead in mudslide, heavy flooding in Sierra Leone capital FREETOWN At least 18 people were killed in a mudslide and heavy flooding that hit Sierra Leone’s capital, Freetown, on Monday, a Red Cross official told AFP. An AFP journalist at the scene saw bodies KINSHASA Nearly eight million people face acute hunger in the Democratic Republic of Congo as a result of conflict, especially in the central Kasai region, UN food agencies said Monday. “Food security and nutrition... are deteriorating in many parts of DRC, but nowhere is the situation more alarming than in Kasai,” said Claude Jibidar, director of the World Food Programme’s operations in the country. The Food and Agriculture being carried away and houses submerged in mud in two areas of the city, where roads were turned into churning rivers of mud and corpses washed up on the streets. Images shared by local media showed people waist-deep trying to traverse streets of flowing water, while a section of a hill Organization (FAO) said about 7.7 million people were on the verge of starvation overall in the vast central African country, a 30 percent surge over a year ago. A rebellion has been raging in the diamond-rich Kasai region for the past year, with both the government and rebels accused of atrocities. The FAO said an estimated 1.4 million people in Kasai and in the eastern province of Tanganyika had been forced to flee their homes over the past year. Farmers have been unable to plant their crops for the last two seasons because of fighting that has seen their villages and fields pillaged, the report says. In addition, armyworm infestations have destroyed crops in over a quarter of the country, it said. “The situation is set to get worse if urgent support does not come in time,” said Alexis Bonte, the FAO’s representative in the DRC. “Farmers, especially those displaced - majority women and children - desperately need urgent food aid but also means to sustain in the Regent area was reported to have collapsed. Flooding is an annual menace in Sierra Leone, where unsafe housing is regularly swept away by torrential rains. Flooding in the capital in 2015 killed 10 people and left thousands homeless. – Nampa/AFP Conflict leaves millions hungry in DR Congo, UN warns Monday, 14 August 2017 Centre Tal Street 07:00-16:00 United House Centre 08:30-16:00 Debmarine Namibia 09:00-14:30 G4S Debmarine Namibia 09:00-14:30 G4S Swakopmund Town (Ferdinand Stich Str 4) 09:00-14:30 13:00-18:00 Swakopmund Town (Ferdinand ____________________________ Stich Str 4) 13:00-18:00 ____________________________ Tuesday, Monday, 14 15 August August 2017 2017 Centre Tal Street 07:00-16:00 United Centre House Tal Street Centre Tuesday, 15 August 2017 07:00-16:00 08:30-16:00 Debmarine United House Namibia Centre 08:30-16:00 09:00-14:30 G4S Namibia Training Authority 09:00-14:30 09:00-14:30 Swakopmund Centre Tal Street Windhoek Vocational Town (Ferdinand Training Centre Stich Str 4) 07:00-16:00 09:00-15:00 13:00-18:00 Walvis United House Bay NAMBTS Centre (Behind ____________________________ Welwitschia Medi-park) 08:30-16:00 13:00-18:00 Namibia Training Authority ____________________________ 09:00-14:30 Tuesday, 15 August 2017 Windhoek Vocational Training Centre 09:00-15:00 Walvis Wednesday, 16 August 2017 Centre Bay Centre Tal Tal Street NAMBTS (Behind Welwitschia Medi-park) Street 07:00-16:00 13:00-18:00 07:00-16:00 United United House House Centre Centre ____________________________ 08:30-16:00 08:30-16:00 NUST Namibia Main Training Campus Authority (Ground Floor Office Building) 09:00-14:30 09:00-15:00 Windhoek Coca-Cola Vocational Bottling Company Training Centre 09:00-14:30 09:00-15:00 Wednesday, 16 August 2017 Walvis United Bay Fishing NAMBTS Enterprises (Behind (Walvis Welwitschia Bay) Medi-park) 10:00-15:00 13:00-18:00 Centre Tal Street ____________________________ 07:00-16:00 ____________________________ United House Centre 08:30-16:00 NUST Main Campus (Ground Wednesday, Floor Thursday, Office 17 Building) 16 August August 2017 2017 09:00-15:00 Coca-Cola Centre Centre Tal Tal Street Street Bottling Company 07:00-16:00 09:00-14:30 07:00-18:00 United House House Centre Centre 08:30-16:00 08:30-16:00 NUST United NUST Main Fishing (Lower Campus Enterprises Campus (Ground (Walvis Ground Floor Bay) Floor Office Sciences Building) 10:00-15:00 and Technology Building) 09:00-15:00 09:00-15:00 IIT Coca-Cola Bottling Company ____________________________ 09:00-14:30 09:00-14:30 Rössing United Fishing Mine Enterprises (Walvis Bay) 10:00-15:00 10:00-16:00 ____________________________ ____________________________ Thursday, 17 August 2017 Centre Tal Street Thursday, Friday, 18 17 August August 2017 2017 07:00-18:00 United Centre House Centre Tal Tal Street Centre Street 07:00-18:00 08:30-16:00 07:00-16:00 United United NUST (Lower House House Centre Centre Campus Ground Floor Sciences and Technology Building) 09:00-15:00 08:30-16:00 08:30-16:00 Namibian IIT NUST (Lower Police Campus Training Ground College Floor Sciences and Technology Building) 09:00-15:00 09:00-14:30 IIT Simonis Storm 09:00-14:30 09:00-14:30 Rössing Mine 10:00-16:00 Rössing Pick ‘n Pay Mine (Swakopmund) 10:00-15:00 10:00-16:00 ____________________________ ____________________________ Friday, 18 August 2017 Centre Tal Street 07:00-16:00 United House Centre 08:30-16:00 Namibian United House Police Centre Training College 08:30-16:00 09:00-14:30 Namibian Simonis Storm Police Training College 09:00-14:30 Pick Simonis ‘n Pay Storm (Swakopmund) 09:00-14:30 10:00-15:00 ____________________________ Pick ‘n Pay (Swakopmund) 10:00-15:00 ____________________________ themselves, such as tools and seeds so that they can resume farming,” he said. Chronic malnutrition affects 43 percent of children under five - or more than seven million children - overall in DR Congo, the FAO report said. Conflicts have displaced about 3.7 million people within the country, with “a steady flow of refugees from neighbouring countries putting a strain on already stretched resources”, it said. – Nampa/AFP REZONING WINDHOEK TOWN PLANNING SCHEME On behalf of the registered owner of Erf 1190, Woermann Street, No. 2, Klein Windhoek, PLANTEK intends applying to the Windhoek Municipality for: Rezoning of Erf 1190, Woermann Street, Klein Windhoek, from “Residential” with a density of 1:900 to “General Residential” with a density of 1:100 Erf 1190, Klein Windhoek, Woermann Street No. 2, is currently zoned for “Residential” purposes. Erf 1190 measures 976m² in size and is currently developed. It is the intention of the owner to demolish the old dwelling and to construct a new B & B facility on Erf 1190, Klein Windhoek, Woermann Street No. 2. Take notice that the locality plan of the erf lies for inspection at Windhoek Municipality, Customer Care Centre, Main Municipal Offices, Rev Michael Scott Street, Windhoek during normal office hours. Further take notice that any person objecting to the proposed use of the land as set out above may lodge such objection together with the grounds thereof, with the City and with the applicant in writing within 14 days of the last publication of this notice. The last day for objections will be 05 th September 2017. P. O. Box 30410 Windhoek Namibia +264 61 243 710 +264 81 350 9810 plantek@africaonline.com.na Zambia opposition leader pleads not guilty to treason LUSAKA Zambia’s detained opposition leader Hakainde Hichilema pleaded not guilty to treason Monday, ahead of a trial set to fuel political tension in a country previously known for its relative stability. Hichilema, leader of the United Party for National Development (UPND), has been in custody since April over an incident when he allegedly failed to give way to President Edgar Lungu’s motorcade. Lungu, who narrowly beat Hichilema in last year’s presidential election, has dismissed allegations of growing authoritarianism and has accused his rivals of trying to overturn the election result. Hichilema and five aides “denied the charge of treason and the state has decided to take the matter to Wednesday for trial,” UPND spokesman Charles Kakoma told foreign journalists outside the court. Police officers in riot gear sealed off the court precinct as scores of UPND supporters waited outside. Kakoma added that Hichilema, who remained in custody, appeared in good health at the brief hearing. A UPND lawyer, who declined to be named, had said on Sunday that the party expected the charges to be dropped and for Hichilema to walk free at the hearing. President Lungu invoked emergency powers in July, increasing police powers of arrest and detention after he blamed opposition parties for a string of arson attacks. Zambia has enjoyed relative stability since its first multi-party election in 1991. But last year’s election was marked by clashes between supporters of Lungu’s Patriotic Front (PF) party and the UPND. Hichilema, 55, says the vote was rigged and has refused to recognise Lungu as the president. Parliament has suspended 48 UPND lawmakers after they boycotted an address by Lungu in March. Police last week released the leader of a smaller opposition party who is a fierce critic of the president after one week in detention. Savior Chishimba, leader of the United Progressive Party (UPP), was detained by plain-clothed police, triggering further accusations of a crackdown on dissent. The government has also increased pressure on media outlets that support the opposition, eroding Zambia’s reputation as a stable democracy. Hichilema was arrested after allegedly putting Lungu’s life in danger when his convoy failed to make way for the presidential motorcade in a highspeed road drama caught on video camera. The two men were both travelling to Western province for a traditional ceremony. Days later, more than 100 armed police surrounded Hichilema’s house outside Lusaka, firing tear gas before detaining him and his aides. Businessman-turned-politician Hichilema has claimed that he was assaulted by police during his arrest and has suffered mistreatment in detention. Treason is a non-bailable offence in Zambia, with a minimum jail term of 15 years and a maximum sentence of death. When he was arrested, Amnesty International said that Hichilema and the five other accused were “victims of longstanding persecution” by the authorities, and faced charges that are designed to “harass and intimidate”. Lungu did not mince his words during the election campaign, warning political rivals and activists: “if they push me against the wall, I will sacrifice democracy for peace.” – Nampa/AFP

Tuesday, August 15 2017 | NEW ERA WORLD 19 Pakistan marks 70 years of independence ISLAMABAD Pakistan yesterday celebrated 70 years of independence from British India with a patriotic display including a giant flag and a show of airpower, as the military’s top brass vowed to wipe out terrorists days after a deadly blast. Celebrations began at the stroke of midnight with firework shows in major cities. At the highly symbolic Wagah eastern border crossing with India, army chief General Qamar Javed Bajwa raised a massive national flag on a 122-metre pole as crowds chanted patriotic slogans. Following the chest-thumping performance Bajwa said the country was making progress and promised to “go after each and every terrorist in Pakistan”. “We have made a few mistakes in the past, but we are on the road to development under the guidance of our constitution,” he added. A powerful bomb targeted a military vehicle in the restive capital of Balochistan province late Saturday, killing 14 people including several troops. The military later said the blast, claimed by the Islamic State group, was intended to mar Independence Day celebrations. Pakistan also faces fresh political turmoil after the Supreme Court last month sacked Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif following an investigation into corruption allegations against his family. In Islamabad his newly elected successor Shahid Khaqan Abbasi, along with top generals and foreign dignitaries, presided over a 31-gun salute and flag-raising ceremony to mark the holiday. “The independence that we got 70 years ago was the fruit of the exemplary struggle of our ancestors,” said Abbasi in an address to the nation. “Thousands of Muslims have made sacrifices for our future and the future of our children.” Further south in Karachi the day began with a changing of the guard at the mausoleum of the country’s founder Mohammad Ali Jinnah, where politicians and military commanders laid floral wreaths. The skies above the capital were later streaked with multi-coloured smoke as the air force hosted Pakistan’s largest air show to date. Fighter jets criss-crossed over the leafy capital in aerobatic manoeuvres as thousands packed shoulder-to-shoulder applauded from a park below. Planes from close allies Saudi Arabia and Turkey also took part. In Lahore students cruised through the eastern city’s streets on motorbikes waving flags and screaming, “Long live Pakistan!” Up north in the Swat valley near the restive border with Afghanistan celebrations were more subdued, with events at schools cancelled due to “prevailing law and order” issues. In nearby Peshawar, the capital of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, Christians held special services at a church and freed doves to mark the holiday. “Four years back my father and brother died in this church in a suicide attack, but I am still here praying for my beloved country,” schoolteacher Neelam Anwar told AFP. In August 1947 the British Raj was dismantled with the subcontinent divided into two independent states – Hindumajority India and Muslimmajority Pakistan. Millions were uprooted in one of the largest mass migrations in history, with experts estimating at least one million died in the communal violence unleashed by partition. The carnage sowed the seeds of the acrimony that led to three wars, and generations later this defining moment in the subcontinent’s history is still polarised by nationalism and rancour. The countries still wrangle over a large part of their shared border, especially in disputed Kashmir. They even recognise their independence from British rule on separate days, with Pakistan claiming 14 August and India celebrating the following day. - Nampa/AFP US-N. Korea crisis tests Cold War’s nuclear deterrence doctrine PARIS The doctrine of nuclear deterrence, put to the test in the standoff between Washington and Pyongyang, dates to the Cold War when the world’s two superpowers seemed hell-bent on “mutually assured destruction”. The arms race between United States and the then Soviet Union saw a proliferation of nuclear warheads as well as their vectors – missiles, planes and submarines. On the eve of the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1990, the Soviet arsenal boasted some 37 000 warheads, compared with nearly 22 000 warheads in the United States, according to the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. Today, thanks to a series of multilateral and bilateral treaties, those numbers have dropped to around 7 000 and 4 480, respectively – still more than enough to assure nuclear suicide for both sides. BERLIN German prosecutors have opened a probe against three Swiss intelligence agents on suspicion of spying on German authorities hunting tax cheats in a case that has strained cross-border relations, local media reported yesterday. The new investigation by federal prosecutors is related to the arrest in April of a Swiss man, identified as Daniel M., 54, who is “The nuclear weapon, invented 70 years ago, has shown itself to be an effective means of preventing war since there has been no conflict between major powers since then,” said researcher Bruno Tertrais of the Paris-based Foundation for Strategic Research. “There has never been open conflict between nuclear powers and no country with nuclear weapons has ever been invaded,” he added in a report. Similarly, “no country protected by the nuclear umbrella has ever suffered a massive military attack,” he wrote, referring to NATO’s 29 member states. But critics of the deterrence doctrine reject these arguments, saying it is a theory that cannot be tested. Moreover, they argue that the interdependence of the world’s economies and the influence of international institutions have been the overriding guarantors of peace accused of carrying out espionage activities against German finance inspectors since 2012, German daily Sueddeutsche Zeitung reported in cooperation with public broadcasters NDR and WDR. The federal prosecutor’s office declined to comment when contacted by AFP. According to the report, the probe launched in early August is highly unusual between western allies and underlines how seriously Germany is taking the case of Daniel between the big powers since World War II. The policy has faced two serious tests – the 1962 Cuban missile crisis and a hair-trigger confrontation between India and Pakistan 40 years later. In 1962, at the height of the Cold War, an American spy plane detected Soviet medium-range ballistic missile installations on the territory of Soviet ally Cuba just miles off the Florida coast. The Soviet move followed the deployment of American ballistic missiles in Italy and Turkey. The US president John F. Kennedy responded with a military blockade of Cuba and placed US strategic forces on maximum alert dubbed DEFCON 2, the level preceding full-out nuclear war. B-52 bombers were on continuous airborne patrol and dozens of intercontinental ballistic missiles were on ready alert. Soviet ships laden with nuclear missiles turned back in exchange for M., who has been charged with spying for Switzerland’s NDB intelligence service on German authorities hunting tax cheats. The three new suspects, who also work for the NDB, have not been named. The case has created serious friction between the neighbours, with German Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel upbraiding Switzerland after Daniel M.’s arrest, calling the case “incredible” and expressing hope it would not “wreck” the countries’ Israel detains diamond magnate in money laundering probe JERUSALEM Israeli police on Monday detained diamond magnate Beny Steinmetz and four others as part of an international money laundering investigation, authorities and a security source said. Austrian media reported that Tal Silberstein, an adviser to Austrian Chancellor Christian Kern, was also among those detained, but there was no official confirmation. It was the second time Steinmetz had been arrested by Israeli authorities since December, when he was placed under house arrest as part of a corruption probe involving mining deals in the African nation of Guinea. Besides the Guinea investigation, Steinmetz was charged in Romania last year with forming an organised criminal group and money laundering in a property-related case that cost the state 5 million. Israel police said five suspects had been detained on Monday morning for questioning on suspicions including money laundering, fraud, forgery, obstruction of justice and bribery. Homes and offices were also searched. The suspects were not named in the statement, nor were details provided on where the alleged offences may have occurred. However, a security source speaking on condition of anonymity confirmed to AFP that Steinmetz was among those detained. Austrian paper Oesterreich reported that Silberstein was also detained, and Kern’s Social Democrats issued a statement saying they will no longer work with him “after the legal accusations that have emerged out of Israel today”. Silberstein has also worked as an adviser to former Israeli prime minister Ehud Olmert. Israeli police said they were “investigating a number of suspects since the morning on suspicion that they worked systematically with the main suspect in order to produce and present fictitious contracts and transactions, including in the field of real estate in a foreign country, for the purpose of money transfers and money Germany opens probe against Swiss spies: report good relationship. He said he had discussed the affair with his Swiss counterpart Didier Burkhalter, who assured him that monitoring of German tax inspectors was not ongoing, as it had stopped in 2014. According to German media, Daniel M.’s alleged mission was to identify German tax investigators involved in purchasing stolen data on German residents who illegally stashed their money in Switzerland. a secret agreement by Washington to remove its missiles from Turkey. Washington also promised not to invade Cuba. The crisis prompted the BAS to move its “Doomsday Clock” to two minutes before midnight, the closest the world has ever been to global nuclear catastrophe in its estimation. Four decades later India and Pakistan came to the brink of nuclear war as their decades-old dispute over Kashmir reached fever pitch, with nearly a million soldiers massed on either side of the territory’s disputed border. Both became a nuclear power in 1998. After Pakistan’s then president Pervez Musharraf said he was prepared to resort to nuclear weapons against India, India’s defence minister told the International Herald Tribune that “he should realise that India can survive a nuclear attack, but Pakistan cannot.” The two sides began a series of titfor-tat missile tests before agreeing, under US pressure, to de-escalate tensions. They reached a ceasefire in November 2003 and started a dialogue the following January. International relations expert Daniel Vernet, former editor-inchief of the influential French daily Le Monde, said the crisis involving North Korea illustrates the dangers of nuclear proliferation. “Dissuasion worked as long as there were few actors and they were considered rational,” he said in a recent op-ed. “Their proliferation increases the possibility for misunderstandings, false interpretations of another’s intentions, or unbalanced judgement in autocratic regimes.” The BAS set its Doomsday Clock to two and a half minutes to midnight in January this year partly as a result of a Trump’s “comments over North Korea, Russia and nuclear weapons.” - Nampa/AFP laundering”. The investigation was being conducted with “international cooperation”, they said. Israeli billionaire Steinmetz controls mining firm BSG Resources and has a net worth estimated by Forbes of .02 billion, making him the 17th-richest person in Israel. In December, he was ordered to remain under house arrest until January 2. At the time, BSG Resources issued a statement calling the allegations against Steinmetz “baseless”.- Nampa/AFP Since January 2006, several German states have bought CDs or USB sticks containing stolen data on German tax dodgers, which came from Switzerland or Liechtenstein. As a result, many of Germany’s rich, powerful and famous have had to issue public apologies and paid back taxes and fines. Switzerland, where secrecy has been a cornerstone of the banking industry, reacted with outrage to the theft. - Nampa/AFP

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