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New Era Newspaper Tuesday February 27, 2018

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16 FARMERS Tuesday, February 27 2018 | NEW ERA ZAMBIA In the past, Lameck Sibukale only knew savings in the form of rearing chickens, goats and more importantly, cattle — a long cherished cultural heritage of the Tonga-speaking people of southern Zambia. Zambian farmer, Lameck Sibukale, showcasing his newly acquired ox, which he bought using earnings from a savings group. Photo: Friday Phiri/IPS But thanks to a village savings scheme, the 78-year-old from Nachibanga village in Pemba district is now part of this growing some fresh air to the functionality of the village economy. “How I wish I was introduced to this concept earlier,” Sibukale told IPS. “This is a fantastic idea for us villagers who are far from formal banks, especially at a time like now when we need to save in case of crop failure, which has become common as a result of poor rainfall.” Saving just over N,336 (US0), Sibukale earned over N,340 (US0) from a portfolio of N,028 (US,100), which the 25-member group saved in eight months. Using the farmers’ club concept, up to 25 members come together and form a solidarity group. The group meets on either a weekly, bi-weekly or monthly basis to save (buying shares at a stipulated price) based money is banked in a box whose keys are kept by two or three people for purposes of transparency. For are encouraged to borrow and pay back at an agreed minimal interest rate. While there are several organisations championing savings for the majority unbanked rural population, Sibukale and his group are part of the World Food Programme (WFP)’s R4 rural resilience initiative. Integrated solutions for emerging climate complications One African proverb states: “If the rhythm is changing, so must the dance steps,” implying the need to develop new strategies to deal with emerging complex challenges such as climate change, which Farmers’ Club Concept is Fresh Air to Village Economy is compromising food, nutrition and income security — three key elements at the core of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 1 and 2, aimed at ending poverty and hunger. Therefore, as climate change is already complicating global food systems, development actors are also looking to integrated approaches to sustain productivity and production, especially for the over 500 million smallholder farmers who produce much of the world’s food. For WFP, ending hunger will not be possible without increasing smallholder farmers’ productivity. Thus, according to Jennifer Bitonde, WFP Zambia Director, “R4 is one of the pro-smallholder farmer approaches adopted where old-style food aid handouts, but rather as a comprehensive range of instruments, activities, and platforms that together empower vulnerable and food insecure people and communities to access nutritious food.” In support of national efforts to boost productivity and strengthen farmers’ food and income security amid climate shocks, R4 deploys a set of four risk management strategies integrated through the project, which combines risk reduction (improved resource management), risk transfer (insurance), prudent risk taking (microcredit), and risk reserves (savings). According to Allan Mulando, head of Disaster Risk Management and Vulnerability Assessment at WFP Zambia, the idea is to support farmers with several layers of protection across the value chain starting from production up to market access. “In addition to conservation agriculture, insurance and microcredit, savings groups are act as a buffer against short term needs, especially in times of which usually lead to crop failure, ultimately affecting the normal livelihood pattern of the people,” explains Mulando. And this is exactly what happened to farmer Sibukale. Last season, he lost one of his oxen, which negatively affected his tillage activities through reduced draught animal power. “I am happy that I joined this group where I’ve earned enough to replace it,” he said, proudly pointing at his newly acquired ox. Supporting improved productivity Whereas conservation agriculture and weather insurance are two layers of protection to support improved productivity, Sibukale believes savings are an added incentive. He told IPS how he managed to pay for his children’s school fees, bought farming implements and inputs (fertiliser, seed and a ripper), helping him to increase the area under conservation agriculture, an exercise he says “would not have been possible without the money I earned from the savings group”. And Milimo Haluma, a member of Silekwa savings group of Sikwale village, testifies to improved productivity. Haluma says before inputs for himself. “But now, with savings, I am able to purchase inputs on time,” Haluma says. “Due to timely input purchase, my productivity has improved. Last season, I was able to produce 3.75 tonnes of maize on the same size of land where I’ve been producing an average of 1.5 tonnes in the past seasons.” Haluma, whose savings group support to grow their portfolio, adds that with the incentive of weather to save the little they earn. “Insurance is providing us a peace of mind to buy shares in our savings groups for we know that we are covered in case of crop failure resulting from poor rainfall,” he says. Global support for up scaling Based on such positive strides, weather insurance and other related financial services for farmers’ adaptation to climate change have become topical issues at the highest global decision making levels. For instance, at COP23, a global partnership to provide more risks — ‘InsuResilience’ moved into higher ambition phase. The initiative, which was launched in 2015 by the G7 group of nations under the German Presidency, aims at providing insurance to 400 more million poor and vulnerable people by 2020, and increase the resilience of developing countries against the impacts of climate change and natural disasters. It brings together G20 and V20 nations — the most vulnerable nations including island states. “The Global Partnership is a practical response to the needs of those who suffer loss because of climate change,” said the COP23 President and Fijian Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama.” Meanwhile, Thomas Silberhorn, German’s Parliamentary State Secretary to the Federal Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development, announced support for the new global partnership of US5 million as part of the launch. This follows the N6 million (£30 million) commitment made by the UK Government in July 2017, via its Centre for Global Disaster Protection. The initiative supports data and risk analysis, technical assistance and capacity building according to countries’ needs and priorities in terms of concrete risk Commenting on the initiative, Patricia Espinosa, Executive Secretary of the UN Climate Change, said: “This new and higher ambition initiative represents one shinning example of what can be delivered when progressive governments, civil society and the private sector join hands with creativity and determination to provide solutions.” The most recent example of support was in September 2017, when more than N7.4 million (US million) was paid out to ten Caribbean countries within just 14 days after hurricanes Irma and Maria had wreaked disaster on the islands. In Zambia, InsuResilience supports the NWK Agri-Services cotton company, which offers direct weather and life insurance to small contract farmers. In 2015, some 52,000 farmers decided to buy insurance. Following a major drought in 2016, more than 23,000 farmers received payments. And based on lessons from the R4 model which WFP has been piloting in Zambia since 2014, the Zambian government has this farming season incorporated weather insurance in its Farmer Input Support Programme E-voucher programme, which has also allocated 20 percent for legume inputs aimed at encouraging crop measure promoting improved soil fertility and income for farmers. – NOTICE ENVIRONMENTAL IMAPCT ASSESSMENT & INVITATION TO A PUBLIC MEETING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (EIA) FOR THE CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF AN ENERGY STATION PRODUCTION FACILITY USAKOS DISTRICT, ERONGO REGION, NAMIBIA Notice is hereby given in terms of Environmental Management Act (No. 7 of 2007) and its Regulations of 2012 that an application for environmental Project name: Energy Production Station Project location: Usakos District, Farm Namibfontein - Erongo Region Project description: Production Facility Proponent: Public Meeting Date: 24 th March 2018 Venue: Time: 11H00 AM Deadline to register as I&AP: 23 rd March 2018 Deadline for submission of written comments: 6 th April 2018 To register, kindly submit your details to the HEScc Environmental Practitioner: Cell: 0812525929 Namibia to be introduced to Japanese Wagyu breed Staff Reporter Windhoek The Wagyu Association of South Africa will be introducing the Wagyu breed to Namibia with a livestock producers symposium next Tuesday, March 6. This symposium will be held at the Agra/ Bank Windhoek Ring, Windhoek Show Grounds from 09h00-13h30 and entrance is free. Speakers are Dr Fanie Steyn, Brian Truscott. Questions can be asked and lunch is from 12h30–13h30. Register with Ivonne Wagyu simply translates to Wa = Japanese and, Gyu = Cow. There are four breeds or strains of Wagyu with only the Japanese Black and Japanese Brown (Kumamoto line) available outside Japan. The Japanese Brown are also referred to as Red Wagyu or Akaushi. In the US, they are bred for the superior meat quality traits and calving ease ability and, are also used in terminal meat programmes with breeds like Angus and Holstein to increase the meat quality grade Black (Kuroge Washu) was primarily used as the “workhorse” prior to the turn of the 20th Century. This breed was improved during the Meiji Era through crossbreeding indigenous Japanese beef cattle in 1944. It is raised in most Prefectures of Japan, and more than 90 percent of Wagyu raised and fattened in Japan is of this breed. Fine strips of fat are found even in its lean meat is exquisite, with a buttery, tender texture that dissolves in one’s mouth. Slaughter age is around 28-30 months. The Japanese Brown is raised primarily in Kumamoto and Kochi Prefectures. It is most common with several hundred thousands in existence. The dark points on its nose and feet can distinguish it. The more dominant Kumamoto line was improved by cross-breeding Simmental with Hanwoo (Korean Red), which was formerly used as a “work horse” during the Meiji Era. Among its characteristics is its low fat content, about 12% or less. Slaughter age is around 25. Japanese Shorthorn (Nihon Tankaku Washu) is raised mainly in the Tohoku Region. This breed was improved by crossbreeding the Shorthorn with the indigenous Nanbu Cattle. Its meat contains much lean meat and low fat content, and grade is BMS 3 or below but it is favored by many for its “different” taste. Japanese Polled (Mukaku Washu) was produced through crossbreeding of Aberdeen Angus imported from Scotland with the indigenous Japanese Black in 1920. Its characteristics include its high lean meat content and distinctive Wagyu taste. It contains a high percentage of amino

Tuesday, February 27 2018 | NEW ERA 17 Selma Ikelas Kham khoes di ûib ge Selma Ikelas Notice is hereby given to all Interested and Affected Parties (I & APs) that an application will be made to the Environmental Commissioner in terms of Environmental Management Act (No. 7 of 2007) and its Regulations (2012) for the following intended activity. Project Name: Project Location: PUBLIC INVITATION ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT FOR PROPOSED CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF A NEW FUEL RETAIL FACILITY IN OUTJO, KUNENE REGION Erongo Food Products Fuel Retail Facility Erf 666, along Sam Nujoma Road, in Outjo Project Description: The proposed development will entail the following activities: convenient shop and restaurant. Proponent: Erongo Food Products (Pty) Ltd Environmental Consultant: Matrix Consulting Services All Interested and Affected Parties (I&APs) are encouraged to register and raise concerns or provide comments and opinions. All Interested Document (BID) comprising detailed information for the intended. A public meeting about the development will be held at: Venue: Date: 06 March 2018 Time: from 13H00 to 15H00 Should you wish to register as I&AP and receive a BID, please contact the Matrix Consulting Services office.

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New Era Newspaper Vol 22 No 167