2 NEWS Tuesday, February 6 2018 | NEW ERA MIGRATION From page 1 According to the Population Projections Report from the Namibia Statistics Agency (NSA), the City of Windhoek’s population was expected to have increased to 431,000 last year The Namibian Constitution guarantees freedom of movement. shall have the right to move freely throughout Namibia”, and Article the right to reside and settle in any part of Namibia”, however such freedoms have placed a burden on the Windhoek municipality as the authority can no longer cater for all inhabitants’ basic needs. This has resulted in the lack of sanitation and water, people settling illegally on unserviced land, the mushrooming of shacks and of late disease outbreaks. President Hage Geingob while on his familiarisation visit to Havana informal settlement, one of the areas hit hard by hepatitis E, expressed his concern over rural- to be controlled. In an interview with New Era, Graham Hopwood, the executive director of the Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR), said it’s impossible for the country to control rural-urban migration in a legal sense due to the fact that the Constitution guarantees freedom of movement. He suggested that developing existing towns such as Tsumeb and Grootfontein, where there are plenty of underground aquifers, could be one alternative to address the migration of people to Windhoek. “The political capital could remain in Windhoek while the commercial capital could be further north where there is enough water to supply ‘wet’ industries. It’s an ambitious idea but could be looked into in the long term,” he said. Hopwood listed under-development in rural areas, caused by persistent droughts and climate change, as well as misplaced beliefs that there are more and better-paid jobs in urban areas, as the major contributing factors to urban migration. “We need to plan for increasing urbanisation. This means making more areas available for people to settle with adequate services including sanitation. The problem is not going away - much of the land in Namibia is extremely marginal in terms of agricultural potential and without alternatives young people, especially, will move to towns and cities,” he said. He therefore advised that Namibia needs to come up with strategies that promote development in rural areas, especially in areas where there is water and the potential for irrigation schemes. “But at the same time there will be a pull towards urban areas - as there has been since independence - so we have to factor this in to our development planning for urban areas, particularly areas where the population is increasing rapidly such as Windhoek, Walvis Bay and Rundu,” he said. Sharing similar sentiments, Dr Andrew Niikondo, the deputy vicechancellor of academic affairs and research at the University of Namibia (Unam), said: “In a country such as Namibia with high levels of poverty and unemployment, and where all development is happening in urban areas, controlling migration of people to cities will be a doubting task. People in rural area believe that all best services, education, health, employment are in the cities and it Niikondo is of the opinion that development of the local urban economy may also lead to a reduction in rural-urban migration to the larger urban centres and the cities. While the two analysts agreed it is probably impossible to reverse urbanisation, they both say there are plenty of countries seeking to slow down urbanisation by investing in rural areas and by developing green, sustainable cities. One country that has made In Peru, the growth of informal settlements in Lima and other cities in the 1940s. According to studies this was a result of the increase in rural-urban migration, especially in Lima where the city population grew from 600,000 people in the 1940s ernment to the extent that authorities could no longer repress migration to cities. Subsequently, authorities started to get involved in the provision of services to such settlements - in part to gain political support. Studies further reveals that Peruvians, in accepting informal settlements as an inevitable reality, stated that informal areas should legally be integrated into formal methods of urban development. The law gave individuals property titles and the right to improve existing informal structures, amongst others. Dundee comes to rescue of orphans Obrein Simasiku Tsumeb Destitute residents of Tsumeb’s Hope Village whose existence depends on donors had their hopes restored by Dundee Precious Metals after the company made a donation valued at N7,000, which included consumables and cash. Hope Village is home to orphans, the elderly and people living with HIV/AIDS, and currently 117 people are sheltered at the centre. and chairperson of the centre, Eglien Uises, says they will not be put off taking care of the needy. “Our mission is to help the needy regardless of gender, age, tribe or race. We only want the best for them and are striving to become a home where these people can be looked after in an ideal hygienic place, with professional medical and psychological care as well as healthy nutrition,” said Uises. She pointed out that one of their successes was the recovery of nine adults who were malnourished and extremely sick. “We believe this success was due to daily administration of medicine and a bit of soup. These adults can now stand on their own feet and care for themselves,” she added. In the same vein she also expressed some sadness, saying there were some inevitable cases where some of the people “Poor diets, like one pap portion per day in some cases and general starvation while on strong medication, contributed to people getting weak, despite efforts made. So this still requires planning which is dependent on funds in order to provide patients in the future,” explained Uises, appealing to good Samaritans to emulate the gesture by Dundee Precious Metals and come on board. She was grateful to Namib Mills which on a monthly basis provides the home with 30kg of pasta, Tulipamwe catering company which gives fruit and vegetables and Clicks which gives them a gift voucher of N,000. KHAMA From page 1 The signed treaty will jointly govern the use of the shared water resources between the two countries along the three rivers, namely, the Kwando, Linyanti and Chobe. Both Namibia and Botswana are semi-arid countries that face regular water crises that threaten “We are exploring that possibility of a desalination plant. Both Namibia and Botswana are very challenged when it comes to water resources. Both of us, for example this year, are not experiencing good rains. There is going to come a time when the rain or rivers coming from the water. So, we are exploring the possibility of setting up a common desalination plant,” he revealed. However, he was quick to say that setting up such a project will be very costly – without mooted project. Khama said both countries are looking at the possibility of sharing the costs since it will be a shared project. “We could not for example pump sea water through a pipeline to a desalination plant because the salt water will degrade the pipe,” he noted. Therefore, Khama feels the best option would be to set up the plant in Namibia and then the treated water will be transferred to Botswana. He called on the relevant ministries responsible for water to look into the issue of setting up a plant as a matter of urgency, seeing that both countries are in dire need of water. Botswana’s capital city Gaborone is equally struggling with a water crisis, just as Namibia’s capital Windhoek. Gaborone’s major source of water, which is the Gaborone Dam, has often been reported to have run dry. Most of the city’s water has to Okavango river basins. mibia were cosignatories along with other states of the Zam- river basin of an agree- Watercourse Commission to manage the riparian resources . Khama says the signed treaty ders between the two countries. “There are a lot of wetlands on the northern border of Zam- really clear to either party where the river is. So that’s why this any doubt and mark the border so that people who commonly operate in those areas – be it the members of the security forces or the general population – will know where the border lies,” Khama said. Geingob welcomed the signed treaty, saying people of both countries can now move freely with their goods. “Let’s welcome it and applaud the two countries for this. With this treaty we are now freer. We can move around. I am very happy to sign this treaty,” Geingob said. Both heads of state have committed to continue strengthening the existing bilateral relations between Namibia and Botswana in various sectors such as energy, trade, education, health, environment, defence, the Trans-Kalahari railway line and the Botswana dry port in Walvis Bay. Our Contact details and information Product of New Era email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org Tel: +264 61 - 208 0802 Fax: +264 61 - 220 584 Cell: +264 81 156 4114 email@example.com Tel: +264 66 - 256 298 Cell +264 81 217 1888 firstname.lastname@example.org Tel: +264 65 - 238 990 email@example.com Cell: +264 81 144 0646 firstname.lastname@example.org Cell: +264 81 217 9739 Cell: +264 81 204 8078 email@example.com Tel: +264 63 - 222 057 Cell: +264 81 312 5975 firstname.lastname@example.org Tel/Fax: +264 63 - 204 180/2 Cell: +264 81 245 9714 email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org Tel: +264 61 - 208 0826 Fax: +264 61 - 220 584 email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org Tel: +264 61 - 208 0822 Fax: +264 61 - 220 584 RUKORO From page 1 He further stated it must be noted that German-speaking Namibians, as bona maintained good relations with all population groups in the same manner other groups interact with them. “In the interest of all Namibians, discussions of this dimension should be conducted in an unemotional and factual manner.” “Hate speech will lead us to nowhere,” he stressed, adding that NaDS distances itself from any incitement and agitation. Harris reminded the public of the outstanding ranking enjoyed by Namibia amongst very few African countries, it having the highest degree of press freedom and freedom of expression. of open public debate and dialogue both on contentious and neutral issues, which the majority of organisations continue to uphold in the democratic dispensation of Namibia,” he said. He said NaDS is fully prepared to participate in mediation and reconciliation discussions. Meanwhile, the court hearing last month in the case lodged against Germany for colonial-era genocide in Namibia was postponed to May 3. This was the fourth hearing, for which counsel. The Ovaherero and Nama suing Germany for excluding them from current negotiations between the German and Namibian governments concerning the 1904-1908 genocide committed on Namibian soil. The initiators of the legal challenge are Ovaherero Chief, Advocate Rukoro, as representative of the Ovaherero Traditional Authority (OTA), and the late Chief and Chairman of the Nama Traditional Authorities Association, David Frederick, and the Association of the Ovaherero Genocide in the USA. Up to 100,000 Herero and Nama are believed to have been killed by German imperial troops in the early 1900s in what was then the German colony of South West Africa.
Tuesday, February 6 2018 | NEW ERA NEWS 3 NIPAM strives for excellency – Ndishishi Lahja Nashuuta Windhoek The executive director of the Namibia Institute for Public Administration and Management (NIPAM), Andrew tution’s commitment to providing administration and management training, and instilling a performance and learning culture in the public sector through capacity development, consulting and research. NIPAM was established by an Act of Parliament, the NIPAM Act 2010 inaugurated February 25, 2011 by for- The purpose of NIPAM is to transform the public service in Namibia through improving management, leadership and professional competencies. It also aims to foster a climate of purpose, values and professional traditions amongst public sector employees opening of the training of trainers’ workshop that kicked off yesterday, Ndishishi reiterated that NIPAM will continue to be a centre of excellence and think tank in public sector management and good governance. discuss the contractual administration between the institution and persons as well as to equip them with the institution’s norms and standards related to training methods, assessment, mod- “Our approach is to ensure enhancement of synergy between the public sector and private sector, through the blending of resources pools from both backgrounds, and this will help diffuse knowledge and familiarise the private sector about how Namibia's public sector operates,” Ndishishi reiterated. He said the training will help provide relevant standards and service skills to the participants in order to understand how public and private sectors operate and to exchange knowledge on how to improve service quality and delivery. knowledge and skills that will come through the engagement of public servants from central government, regional council and local authorities. The partnership shall further be of your advantage by understanding government policies, norms and process for work, personal and possible business future endeavours. Indeed, it is a winwin approach,” he further elaborated. The workshop is also set to clarify the role of NIPAM in the transformation process of the Namibian public sector, explain the philosophy and programme offerings, and provide resource persons an opportunity to discuss the content, facilitation techniques, assessment activities and moderation related to their programmes. Ndishishi said the workshop will transform participants to be committed to the ideology and principles of continuous learning and most importantly to apply what they have learned from training and development interventions through the only civil service college in the country. Nuusita Ashipala Ongwediva The Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Forestry has warned that the country is likely to experience a second armyworm outbreak in a row, following last year’s one. “According to the data that was collected from pheromone traps on the number of Fall Armyworm (FAW) moths, the data shows that FAW is still around and as soon as the host plants are available the moths will start producing egg masses on the plant leaves,” said the PS of agriculture, water and forestry, Percy Misika. According to Misika the traps were set up in all crop growing regions from the onset of the cropping season to monitor and to ensure early detection of the armyworms The pheromone traps were procured by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and were distributed to Southern African countries including Namibia. Other countries currently affected by the outbreak during the 2017/18 cropping season are Malawi, South Africa and Zambia of which about 55,000 hectares are affected altogether. In Namibia, armyworm last year caused extensive damage to households in the North-eastern region. They damaged 13 percent of the maize planted in the communal areas and six percent of the maize in the commercial areas. Similarly, six percent of pearl millet and two percent of sorghum grain was lost as a Matheus Hamutenya Bethanie Namibia faces fresh armyworm outbreak Chief of the Ovaherero, Advocate Vekuii Rukoro says the struggle for restorative justice in the form of genocide reparations by the Ovaherero and Nama communities will continue until the affected communities get what they want from the German government. Speaking during the burial of the late Chief David Frederick at Bethanie, Rukoro said Frederick was one of those who have cide, and that while his journey has stopped, victory is achieved. Rukoro said the late Chief Frederick was one of the few fearless Nama leaders of this century whose legacy and greatest Photo: MITC in Omusati Region. Devastating... Armyworms wreaked havoc at Etunda Irrigation Project last year. result of armyworm. The ministry has assured that it is ready for the outbreak and has procured pesticides, which have already been distributed to all the crop growing regions in the country. The Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Forestry is also in the process of procuring more pesticides to top up the available pesticides. “It is not safe to say that the government has procured enough pesticides as the quantity of pesticides required depends on the level of infestation experienced and environmental factors like temperature and achievement was that of mobilising the Nama communities into one - and together with the Ovaherero communities - took on Germany, to hold that government accountable for the genocide it committed against their ancestors. Rukoro further said that it is for this that Frederick ranks amongst the best Nama leaders of other centuries such as the iconic Hendrik Witbooi. He said while one of the pioneers of the not end until justice prevails. “The question is can we afford to betray this legacy? We in the leadership say no, we shall not, and as far as we are concerned it will continue until victory is achieved,” Rukoro declared. in the area,” Misika explained. The ministry of agriculture has also trained its staff so that they are able to train farmers to enable them to identify the pest and make prompt decisions. The ministry encouraged farmers to scout regularly to be able to detect the presence of larva on their plants and to spray plants while the larva is still young as it is the only stage that they are still susceptible to chemicals. Apart from the pesticides procured by government, the pesticides are also available in local markets with registered dealers. We will not rest until we get what we want - Rukoro Photo: Matheus Hamutenya Struggle continues... Chief of the Ovaherero, Advocate Vekuii Rukoro. He also informed mourners that the German government has declined what the Namibian government proposed in terms of reparation payments, saying it is too expensive and that they instead want to give what they feel is reasonable. He said the Germans have proposed that they provide affordable housing, solar vocational training centres amongst others as a way to pay back, but Rukoro says this is far from what the victims want. He further said it is clear that both governments do not know what the victims of the genocide want and that it is therefore important that those affected speak for themselves, saying the Germans cannot dictate what to give. “The Germans found the list to be too expensive and rejected it, and they said we instead give you this basket, take it to your people and tell them this is what we, the murderers of your people are prepared to give, take it or leave it,” he said, adding, “Clearly others do not know what our people want and what our people need, and what we have lost and what our actual demands are.” Rukoro then concluded by promising he has started will continue, no matter what may come, saying the groups are ready for “My friend, my father, my hero, you are gone, but the war is not yet over, we will where the court cases will go but we are not worried. We will have to go to plan C if we have to, it is ready, because we are not going to rest until we get what we want,” he said.