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New Era Newspaper Wednesday August 30, 2017

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10 Inside BUSINESS: ICT & GADGETS Wednesday, August 30 2017 | NEW ERA The computer that can smell explosives Nigerian Oshi Agabi has unveiled a computer based not on silicon but on mice neurons at the TEDGlobal conference in Tanzania. The system has been trained to recognise the smell of explosives and could be used to replace traditional airport security, he said. Eventually the modem-sized device - dubbed Koniku Kore - could provide the brain for future robots. Experts said that making such systems mass-market was challenging. All of the big tech firms, from Google to Microsoft, are rushing to create artificial intelligence modelled on the human brain. While computers are better than humans at complex mathematical equations, there are many cognitive functions where the brain is much better: training a computer to recognise smells would require colossal amounts of computational power and energy, for example. Mr Agabi is attempting to reverse-engineer biology, which already accomplishes this function with a fraction of the power it would take a silicon-based processor. “Biology is technology. Bio is tech,” he says. “Our deep learning networks Machine sense… Nigerian inventor Oshi Agabi is working on a computer that can detect explosives and can be used by drones to ‘smell’ their surroundings. are all copying the brain.” He launched his start-up Koniku over a year ago, has raised m (£800,000) in funding and claims it is already making profits of m in deals with the security industry.Koniku Kore is an amalgam of living neurons and silicon, with olfactory capabilities — basically sensors that can detect and recognise smells. “You can give the neurons instructions about what to do - in our case we tell it to provide a receptor that can detect explosives.” He envisages a future where such devices can be discreetly used at various points in airports, eliminating the need for queues to get through airport security. As well as being used for bomb detection, the device could be used to detect illness by sensing markers of a disease in the air molecules that a patient gives off. The prototype device shown off at TED - the pictures of which cannot yet be publicly revealed - has partially solved one of the biggest challenges of harnessing biological systems - keeping the neurons alive, said Mr Agabi. In a video, he showed MARKET OVERVIEW the device being taken out of the lab. “This device can live on a desk and we can keep them alive for a couple of months,” he told the BBC. Ultimately though he has much bigger ambitions. “We think that the processing power that is going to run the robots of the future will be synthetic biology-based and we are laying the foundations for that today.” The fusion of biology and technology gained headlines recently when Elon Musk, chief executive of Tesla and Space X, announced his latest venture - Neuralink - which aims to fuse the human brain with AI, using neural lace. Advances in neuroscience, bioengineering and computer science means that much more is known about how the human brain works than ever before. This is fuelling the development of neurotechnology - devices that aim to mould the brain into computers. Much of the current work is aimed at improving brain function, particularly for those with brain-related injuries or diseases. – BBC Money Market Change Latest Selected NSX Stock 3 months 0.00% 7.05% Symbol Stock Name Spot % Move 6 months 0.00% 7.41% CGP CAPRICORN INVESTMENT GROUP L 1810 -0.28% 9 months 0.00% 7.52% NBS NAMIBIA BREWERIES LTD 3350 0.00% 12 months 0.00% 7.68% BVN BIDVEST NAMIBIA LTD 787 0.00% Bonds Change Latest FNB FNB NAMIBIA HOLDINGS LTD 4675 0.00% GC17 (R203 : 4.84%) -0.55% 5.51% ORY ORYX PROPERTIES LTD 2068 -0.05% GC18 (R204 : 6.98%) 0.00% 7.89% NAM NAMIBIAN ASSET MANAGEMENT LT 72 0.00% GC21 (R208 : 7.46%) 0.00% 8.28% NHL NICTUS NAMIBIA 200 0.00% GC24 (R186 : 8.56%) 0.00% 9.78% BMN BANNERMAN RESOURCES LTD 32 0.00% GC27 (R186 : 8.56%) 0.00% 10.17% DYL DEEP YELLOW LTD 249 -3.49% GC30 (R2030 : 9.11%) 0.00% 10.78% SILP STIMULUS INVESTMENT LTD-PREF 12129 0.00% GC32 (R213 : 9.22%) 0.00% 10.93% FSY FORSYS METALS CORP 136 -6.85% GC35 (R209 : 9.55%) 0.00% 10.98% TUC TRUSTCO GROUP HOLDINGS LTD 445 0.00% Commodities %Change Latest B2G B2GOLD CORP 3529 5.82% Gold 1.03% $ 1,323.56 Platinum 1.36% $ 1002.66 Copper 0.00% $ 6,666.00 Brent Crude -0.35% $ 51.14 Main Indices %Change Latest NSX (Delayed) 0.02% 1167.11 JSE All Share -0.58% 56,227.92 SP500 0.05% 2,444.24 FTSE 100 -1.11% 7,318.97 Hangseng -0.35% 27,765.01 DAX -1.84% 11,900.94 JSE Sectors %Change Latest Financials -0.45% 15,805.61 Resources -0.24% 35,096.31 Industrials -0.86% 75,817.59 Forex %Change Latest N$/US dollar -0.42% 12.9789 N$/Pound -0.32% 16.8094 N$/Euro -0.03% 15.6147 US dollar/ Euro 0.43% 1.2031 Namibia Monthly Data Latest Previous Namibia Inflation (Jul 17) 5.4 6.1 Bank Prime 10.50 10.75 BoN Repo Rate 6.75 7.00 29-Aug-17 3D printing could ‘transform’ construction industry Management consulting firm McKinsey & Co has published a report that identifies 3D printing as a key area of “construction’s digital future.” The report also looks at 5D building information modeling, IoT, and other technologies. 3D printing in the construction industry might not be the most fully formed area of additive manufacturing—most 3D printed houses and buildings can be seen as formative efforts—but construction can undoubtedly become one of the most large-scale applications for additive. This opinion has now been backed up by management consulting firm McKinsey, which has identified 3D printing as a key part of “construction’s digital future.” The report looks at five trends that will shape construction and capital projects: Higher-definition surveying and geolocation Next-generation 5D building information modeling. Digital collaboration and mobility The Internet of Things and advanced analytics Future-proof design and construction Though the ambiguous-sounding term “5D building” might trigger excitement for makers, it is actually the “future-proof design and construction” category into which 3D printing falls. In this area, McKinsey says that “new building materials, such as self-healing concrete, aerogels, and nanomaterials, as well as innovative construction approaches, such as 3D printing and preassembled modules, can lower costs and speed up construction while improving quality and safety.” And while the consulting firm admits that 3D printing isn’t totally there yet in terms of major project readiness, it predicts that additive could be a major parts of future building work. Printing submodules or complete concrete structures before assembly and internal work could transform the industry with respect to design, cost, and time,” the report states, while conceding that “3D printing is still in the early stages of its development and cannot yet be deployed at the scale and speed required for large projects.” The purpose of the McKinsey report is not only to look at which technologies will shape the future of construction, but also to advise businesses on how they can get on board. That all starts with a willingness to “adopt a new mindset” and discuss the possibilities of new management, return-oninvestment orientation, and the introduction of transparency and risk-sharing in contracts. – ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT NOTICE TO ALL INTERESTED AND AFFECTED PARTIES ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT FOR THE PROSOPED CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF EKUKU SERVICE STATION IN OSHAKATI TOWN LANDS, OSHANA REGION Notice is hereby served to inform all potentially Interested and/or Affected Parties that an application will be made to the Environmental Commissioner in terms of Environmental Management Act (No. 7 of 2007) and the Environmental Assessment Regulations (2012) for the following intended activity:- Proponent: Kuku Agri Equipment cc Project Name & Description: Construction and operation of Ekuku service station Project Location: Erf No 4268(A Portion of ERF 2405) Extension No.5 Oshakati town lands Environmental Consultant: Nam Geo-Enviro Solutions (NGS) We invite all Interested and Affected Parties (I&APs) to register with this study, submit your name and contact details with any issues, comments and/or opinions to Nam Geo- Enviro Solutions by 31 August 2017 Contact: Ms. Ruth Mutyavaviri Nam Geo-Enviro Solutions Tel: +264 61 402 246, Fax: 088 6554084, E-Mail:

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New Era Newspaper Vol 22 No 167