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New Era Newspaper Wednesday August 30, 2017

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2 NEWS Wednesday, August 30 2017 | NEW ERA Product of New Era Publication Corporation (Daniel Tjongarero House) Corner of Dr W Kulz and Kerby Streets Tel: 061 - 273 300 P/Bag 13364 Windhoek Registered as a newspaper, Certificate No. 06/08/91 EDITOR Chrispin Inambao EDITORIAL Tel: +264 61 - 273 328 Fax: +264 61 - 235 419 EDITORIAL BOARD: Toivo Ndjebela, Chrispin Inambao, Desie Heita, Helvi Shaanika, Kae Matundu-Tjiparuro, Carlos Kambaekwa REGIONAL OFFICES Katima Mulilo Office: Tel: +264 66 - 253 049 Cell: +264 81 488 6594 / +264 81 124 2895 Rundu Office: Tel: +264 66 - 256 298 Cell +264 81 217 1888 Ongwediva Office: Tel: +264 65 - 238 990 Fax: +264 65 - 231 305 Tsumeb Office: Tel: +264 67 - 221 652 Cell: +264 81 456 8643 Swakopmund Office: Cell: +264 81 217 9739 Cell: +264 81 204 8078 Keetmanshoop Office: Tel: +264 63 - 222 057 Cell: +264 81 312 5975 Luderitz Office: Tel: +264 63 - 204 180 Cell: +264 81 245 9714 DISTRIBUTION & SUBSCRIPTIONS Ernst Apollus Tel: +264 61 - 273 326 Fax: +264 61 - 220 584 MARKETING, SALES & PRODUCTION Festus Goseb Tel: +264 61 - 273 322 Fax: +264 61 - 220 584 NUCLEAR From page 1 A Windhoek-based North Korean businessman and a Namibian-registered construction company were blacklisted and sanctioned by both the US Treasury and the Japanese government last week. The US and Japan imposed additional sanctions following the approval of further sanctions by the UN Security Council on August 22. A report by the Panel of Experts to the UN Security Council has cast aspersions over the Namibian government’s pledge in June 2016 that the country would terminate the services of North Korean companies, and would not trade with the two North Korean companies in question, for as long as UN sanctions against Pyongyang remained in force. The UN Panel of Experts alleges in its report that Namibia has commissioned new projects – including defence contracts – to run throughout 2017. The projects were reportedly commissioned in the same month a Namibian delegation informed the UN of the country’s decision to terminate all trade relations with North Korean firms. Last year, Namibia’s International Relations Minister Netumbo Nandi- Ndaitwah, after the UN critised the country’s relations with North Korea, visited Pyongyang to inform that country’s leadership that the commercial ties that previously existed between the two countries would be severed due to the provisions of international law. ACCORDS From page 1 At State House on Monday evening, the director-general of National Planning Commission and Minister of Economic Planning Tom Alweendo signed three bilateral cooperation agreements with China’s international trade representative, Vice Minister of Commerce Fu Ziying. The agreements relate to economic and technical cooperation between China and Namibia, as well as a memorandum of understanding on human resource development cooperation and, thirdly, an exchange of letters on the feasibility study of four rural school projects funded by China. An agreement on economic and technical cooperation, related to the upgrading of the road between Windhoek and the Hosea Kutako International Airport (HKIA) was also signed. Nampa quoted the Chinese first deputy premier, who left the country yesterday, as having told President Geingob that the two countries need to work more closely “to benefit both our people”. The meeting, New Era reported at the time, was cordial and the North Korean leadership was said to have perfectly understood the pressure under which Namibia found herself. Yet the latest UN report says North Korea’s Mansudae Overseas Projects office in Windhoek is the majority shareholder in other Mansudae companies registered in other African countries, and continues to operate in several countries. Mansudae, together with North Korea’s Mining Development Trading Corporation (KOMID), are what landed Namibia in hot water with the UN in the first place. Thus, the UN sanctions of August 22 saw Namibia being thrust into the centre of the intensifying nuclear dispute, which has drawn into its vortex the US, Japan and North Korea. The US Treasury lists the sanctioned Namibian-based North Korean businessman as 49-year-old Kim Tongchol, while the corporations under sanction include Qingdao Construction Namibia and Mansudae Overseas Projects. The US Treasury department lists Tong-chol as a resident of Windhoek’s Herbst Street and a key senior executive for Mansudae Overseas Projects, as well as its architectural and technical subsidiary. The US Treasury department published the new list of individuals and corporations blacklisted from dealing with US entities last week. Two days later Japan applied sanctions on the same individuals and corporations. Ohamayongwe farmers benefit from PCLD OHAMAYONGWE BENEFITS From page 1 be encouraged to increase the number of scholarships available. Scotland, who spoke at the opening of a conference of the Council for Education in the Commonwealth (CEC) in Namibia, said scholarships go beyond financial support and make a significant difference in the lives of beneficiaries, the nefits of which cascade widely into communities and through successive generations. This was the first time that an African country hosted the CEC in its 58 years in existence. The conference, which runs from August 28 to 30 is being held under the theme, ‘Leading The Elephant Out Of The Bush, Education And Business Together – Bridging The Gap’. Scotland said the theme highlights the dynamic and symbiotic relationship between education, employment and economic development, on which we all depend for a future of sustainable Small-scale farmers under the Ohamayongwe Farmers’ Cooperative in the Omusati Region no longer have to worry about livestock theft, as they can now keep their animals in a secure camp. Minister of Land Reform Utoni Nujoma handed over the infrastructure and lease certificates to the cooperative in Ongandjera West on Monday and said the initiative was one of government’s efforts to equip farmers in communal areas to counteract challenges associated with poor rangeland management, overgrazing, animal diseases and veld fires, among others. “The idea of bringing such developments to our people is to improve their social and economic status,” Nujoma said. The initiative is part of the Ministry of Land Reform’s Communal Land Tong-chol is alleged to have made subcontracting arrangements with Qingdao Construction to take over four Namibian government-sponsored construction projects, as well as the North Korean employees and materials associated with the work. Qingdao Construction Namibia has also bid for a number of lucrative state contracts, such as the upgrading of Walvis Bay airport. “It is unacceptable for individuals and companies in China, Russia and elsewhere to enable North Korea to generate income used to develop weapons of mass destruction and destabilise the region,” US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin told the media after the updating of the sanctions list last week. A report issued by the UN in February expressed serious doubt over whether the Namibian government actually implemented the commitments made to the UN in June 2016. The report said it could not confirm whether Namibia had actually terminated the services of North Korean companies Mansudae and KOMID, or that it would not trade any longer with the two entities while UN sanctions against North Korea remain in force. The UN Panel of Experts requested from the Namibian government “confirmation of this termination and information on any repatriation of labourers from the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, but has yet to receive a reply,” the final report by the panel to the Security Council noted. prosperity. She said over 60 percent of the Commonwealth population is under 30 years of age. “And, so it is essential that we invest in the education of young people and work for them and with them on pathways into employment,” she remarked, adding that this means empowering young people and providing them with opportunities to reach their potential. “We do this by investing in their skills, supporting their entrepreneurial ambitions and providing opportunities for further participation in the local and global economy,” Scotland said. Companion of the Order of the British Empire Sonny Leong supported Scotland by stating that education and business have to walk hand in hand for the benefit of all. Leong said business desperately needs skilled workers. “Take the robotic sector, by 2020 average salaries will increase by 60 percent, yet more than a third of available jobs in robotics will remain vacant, because of a shortage of skilled workers,” remarked Development Project, which was launched in 2014 in collaboration with the German government. The project, which has already been implemented by the Amarika and Otjetjekua communities, benefits about 8,000 farming households countrywide, of which 195 are from Ohamayongwe. Through the N0 million project, the ministry has been able to develop about 364,000 hectares of communal land in the designated areas of Ohangwena, Kavango West and East, Zambezi and Omusati regions. Ohamayongwe covers 46,000 hectares that accommodate two multi-purpose kraals, four boreholes and two kilometres of water pipeline, with a cattle population of about 9,000. “The ministry is further committed to developing similar infrastructure in the Gciriku community in Kavango East, Gam, Tsumkwe in Otjozondjupa, Epukiro and Eiseb in Omaheke and the Mangetti area of the Oshikoto Region,” Nujoma added. The report also found that while the Namibian government professes having cut ties with Mansudae and KOMID, a Mansudae office in Windhoek continues to oversee operations and do business in other African states, through Namibia. The report points out that the Mansudae firm registered in Angola, is 90 percent owned by the Mansudae registered in Windhoek. The UN’s resolution of August 22 expressly prohibits countries from increasing the current numbers of North Korean labourers working abroad and bans new joint ventures with North Korea and any new investment in current joint ventures. The sanctions also ban North Korean coal, iron, iron ore, lead, lead ore and seafood exports. Pyongyang seems to have responded to the latest sanctions by firing off several missiles on Monday. One reportedly flew over Japan’s sparsely populated area of Hokkaido and broke into three parts before landing in the Pacific, about 1,180km east of the north Japanese island. It was the latest in a series of missile tests by North Korea that have angered the Japanese and US governments, who are said to be concerned that Pyongyang may be close to perfecting the capability to deliver nuclear-armed intercontinental ballistic missiles to the US mainland. By the time of going to print last night, the Ministry of International Relations and Cooperation had not yet replied to a number of questions to it sent by New Era regarding the implications of the latest round of sanctions. Leong, who asked what role business can play in ensuring that workers have the needed skills. Similarly, academia needs to operate in models that serve the economy as it is now and as it will become in future, he argued. Deputy Minister of Higher Education, Training and Innovation Dr Becky Ndjoze- Ojo said she trusts the elephant will be led out of the bush and that salient interests and the needed synergy between the education and business sectors will bridge the gap. Ndjoze-Ojo said an inclusive Commonwealth should be one whose wealth truly serves the common good. “It is a Commonwealth that is committed to higher education, training and innovation, particularly because 60 percent of its population is youth. It is a Commonwealth that should be concerned about youth unemployment and that thereto trains its youthful population in employability skills, entrepreneurship and vocational training. A gender sensitive Commonwealth could be an added advantage.” He urged farmers to make use of the infrastructure and training to the best of their ability and to contribute to Namibia’s development. He further advised them to work hard to ensure they produce livestock that can be used to produce quality beef and other products for both domestic use and for export. Chairperson of the Ohamayongwe Farmers’ Cooperative Christof Hango told Nampa the new infrastructure has contributed greatly to the upliftment of the local community. “Our animals will no longer run astray, as they are secured. We can have access and control them when we need to, and at the same time the animals can feed in a controlled manner and avoid overfeeding,” Hango said. David Ambambi, one of the beneficiaries, also expressed gratitude for the initiative and recommended that similar efforts be extended to other communities. – Nampa

Wednesday, August 30 2017 | NEW ERA NEWS 3 Using social media to aggressively market livestock Sawi Hausiku Rundu Each year Africa loses about N billion in food waste due to poor storage facilities, market inefficiencies and bottlenecks in the value chain. Ironically, despite millions of tonnes of food going to waste, Africa continues to be a net food importer, with the food import bill currently standing at N4 billion. It is projected to hit a whopping US110 billion (N 573 trillion) in a decade, according to data from the African Development Bank (ADB). The major problem in Africa is the timely transportation of produce to markets and storage. The Namibia Census Agriculture Report of 2015 from the Ministry of Agriculture Water and Forestry indicates producing households (farmers) predominantly suffered greater losses in mahangu (pearl millet), about 24 437 tonnes of this crop in total. Of that, a significant 22 824 tonnes were lost in the field meaning that the produce was not harvested because of a lack of adequate storage facilities, and 464 tonnes during storage, while 144 tonnes were lost during transportation and the rest in other ways. Furthermore, agricultural households reported that a total of 3 154 tonnes of wheat was lost that year, with 3 143 tonnes lost in the field followed by eight tonnes during storage and the rest in other ways. Sorghum was the third highest crop with a total loss of 2 019 tonnes, of which 1 983 tonnes were lost in the field and the rest in other ways, including transportation. Maize recorded a total loss of 1 931 tonnes, of which an estimated 1 864 tonnes were lost in the field and the rest in other ways. Marketing produce is another dilemma that confronts many farmers, especially in Africa, but some farmers in the United States of America (USA) are different in that they use social media to promote the sale of their produce and livestock. American farmers are advocating that Namibian farmers do the same to avoid losses and waste. Jay Hill, a 32-year-old co-owner of the 405-hectare Wholesome Valley Farms in Las Cruces, Texas, said they work day and night to market their produce on social media. Images of tractors harvesting onions and lettuce; workers sorting onions and others working in the watermelon field; as well as crates of onions stacked in barns are visible on Wholesome Valley Farms’ Facebook, Instagram Also on the Net… Onions packed in crates and kept in barns and Snapchat accounts. Hill told Nampa journalists, who visited the USA in June on a media cooperative programme that Wholesome Valley Farms aims to inform potential consumers of the production process before the product reaches their dining table. He encouraged Namibian farmers to market their produce on social media, as it holds massive benefits for both the farmer and consumer. Hill said consumers want to have a connection with farmers, hence the importance the farm places on making everything they do transparent through social media. “We also want them to understand why we apply pesticides and fertilisers and different additives to ensure we grow a nutritious crop,” he said. Hill argued it makes sense to open up a dialogue using social media for consumers to engage the producers (farmers) and ask questions to be informed of what they eat. This, he said, opened international doors for his farm and brought export opportunities. “I know of farmers in Las Cruces who are unbelievable producers but they failed simply because they are not able to market their crops,” Hill said. Another farmer, Dan Macon who owns Flying Mule Farm - a small commercial sheep operation in the foothills near Auburn, Texas - said social media provides an opportunity for farmers to share information on their day-to-day challenges. “Some of these challenges are universal no matter where you are trying to graze livestock and so social media has allowed us to educate people who do not have any background on what we do,” Macon said. He said farmers in the area have embraced social media and established a Drought Farm Group on Facebook, which is being used by farmers all over the world to share information and make informed decisions when managing operations under a drought. Macon said social media has enabled the American farmers to connect with others from different environments and share experiences to learn something. “Those of us in other places who cannot connect with a farmer in Namibia who is not on social media, are disadvantaged because we are not getting that perspective,” he said. Queried over Namibian farmers’ use of social media to market their crops, Namibia National Farmers Union (NNFU) Executive Director Mwilima Mushokobanji said the technology literacy and internet access hamper farmers’ potential use of social media. He said more than 70 percent of the people who depend on agriculture for a living reside in remote areas where access to mobile networks for quality internet is an issue. “That on its own divorces the majority of the farmers from actually participating on social media like Facebook and WhatsApp,” he said. However, Mushokobanji said about 20 percent of farmers make use of social media to share information regarding operations on their farms. One such farmer who ploughs 60 kilometres from Otavi at Farm Rimini 969, is former Minister of Health and Social Services, Dr Richard Kamwi, who has demonstrated that social media has great marketing potential for farmers in Namibia. Recently, Kamwi used Facebook to share pictures of 20-tonne trailers loading maize on his farm that was heading to the Agro- Marketing Trade Agency (AMTA) silos in Omuthiya. He told this agency he receives several comments regarding posts on social media platforms such as Facebook and WhatsApp, which to him is highly commendable. Kamwi said since he shares such information on social media platforms, numerous potential customers have enquired about his products and how they can access them. “Many also commended my efforts, saying Namibia can indeed be self-sufficient if all able bodied men and women were to put on their agriculture gear and go out there,” he said. Kamwi noted that he also received comments from Tanzania, Botswana and Zimbabwe. Regional manager of the Rundu Fresh Produce Business Hub, Inekela Kambindjii, told Nampa that farmers, especially small-scale farmers, need to be educated and trained on the importance of production planning, which includes marketing and supply agreements. A national database (crop calendar) needs to be developed by all stakeholders as a guiding tool to avoid overproduction, he said. “Social media is an essential medium of communication and it will greatly benefit all stakeholders in this regard. Information can easily be shared through WhatsApp groups or Facebook,” he said. Kambindjii observed that most farmers and traders can use social media to share information and address the problems of market saturation and food wastages. - Nampa Health extension workers told not to reveal patients’ health status John Muyamba Rundu Chairperson of the Kavango East Regional Council who also serves as the Mukwe Constituency Councillor, John Thighuru, has told 91 health extension workers (HEW) who graduated with certificates in Rundu that they should practise confidentiality with patients they will be working with in their communities, stressing they must never reveal the health status of patients. “I know that people will trust you with their health information that they will not even share with their own relatives – as such I would like to emphasise that keeping confidentiality as well as respecting your clients will greatly make your work easier and very successful,” Thighuru said. “As you go out of this place today remember that you have to be role models in your communities. I know that you will be working from your comfort zones, and no one will be waking you up every day to go in the field to do your work and thus the onus rests with you to take your work seriously,” Thighuru noted. The health extension workers from four health districts of Kavango West and Kavango East graduated on Tuesday in Rundu to become part of the health extension workers programme in the two Kavango regions. The programme aims at bridging the gap between the community and health facilities in order to improve healthcare services especially in rural communities that are far from health facilities. “This program has proved to be a success and a great milestone particularly in our region and the country at large. Especially when we are faced with a problem of not having impressive statistics of maternal mortality, HIV and AIDS, TB to name a few,” Thighuru added. The mandate of health extension workers is to work with the community by conducting household visits, and are tasked with annual mapping and doing household censuses in their areas, and they should detect, manage and refer common health conditions while health promotion remains their core functions. Health extension workers are required to at least have a Grade 10 certificate and must be able to speak English, as well as native languages from areas where they are selected to serve, as well as be a member of that culture and be residing in that area they will serve, in order to operate effectively. They will focus on the responsibility of addressing various health and social issues in the community they were selected from and each HEW will be responsible for at least 500 individuals, with a standard package of service including first aid, maternal and child health, nutrition, HIV and AIDS, TB, malaria to name a few. The training of HEW started in 2013 and to date 277 have graduated from the program. UNICEF and USAID assist the HEWs programme with financial and technical support.

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New Era Newspaper Vol 22 No 167