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New Era Newspaper Wednesday December 13, 2017

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16 YOUTH CORNER Wednesday, December 13 2017 | NEW ERA Comparing cars Instructions for puzzle Look at the information about four cars. Under the information are words used to compare the cars. Under these are some phrases with gaps. Can you put the words in the right gaps? Activity 1 Before you do the puzzle or read the article, try to match the words from the table with their definitions. 1. abstract 2. characteristic 3. consumption 4. experience 5. knowledge 6. likewise 7. reliability 8. symbolise a. typical feature or quality of someone or something b. all the information that you have learned and still know c. everything that has happened in your life until now d. existing only as an idea, not as a physical object e. in the same or similar way f. represent something g. the amount of something that is used h. the quality of being dependable and trustworthy Similes and metaphors Similes and metaphors are both figures of speech. A figure of speech is the use of words in a different way from their normal meaning. So what is the difference between similes and metaphors? Similes Similes directly compare two things that are similar, normally by using the words ‘as’ or ‘like’, e.g. ‘Her dress was as white as snow’, ‘Mary can swim like a fish’. When we make a simile we use our knowledge of the world to identify similarities between two things, and when we hear a simile we likewise use our experience and learning to understand it – we all know that snow is white, and that fish can swim well. Metaphors Metaphors are more abstract. They are also used to compare two things, but not in such a direct way – instead, when we make a metaphor we substitute Activity 2 Decide if the following statements are true or false, according to the text. 1. Similes and metaphors are similar in some ways. 2. Similes and metaphors are exactly the same. 3. Metaphors are more direct than similes. 4. Similes are more abstract than metaphors. 5. We need to use our imagination more to understand metaphors than to understand similes. Activity 3 Choose the correct adjective from the box to complete these common English similes a. cool b. free c. good d. light e. pretty f. proud g. sick h. solid i. tough j. busy 1. As .......... as a bee 2. As .......... as a cucumber 3. As .......... as a peacock 4. As .......... as nails 5. As .......... as a rock 6. As .......... as a dog 7. As .......... as a picture 8. As .......... as a feather 9. As .......... as gold 10. As .......... as a bird one thing with something that symbolises it, e.g. ‘The sea is a hungry dog’ (James Reeves). When we make a metaphor we use our imagination to replace the thing that is being compared with something that has similar characteristics, and when we hear a metaphor we likewise create in our mind an image of the thing that is being described – although we know that the sea is not really a hungry dog, we also know that it has characteristics that are similar, e.g. it can ‘eat’ ships. The desired effect Generally, if you want to compare only one or two features or aspects of something, you tend to use a simile. Saying someone’s eyes ‘twinkled like diamonds’ tells you about their eyes, but nothing about the rest of the person. Metaphors try to capture the whole of the thing described – ‘life is a journey’, ‘love is a garden’ or ‘all the world’s a stage’. Activity 4 Draw a line from each of the phrases on the left to a noun on the right to make similes. 1. As blind as a/an … 2. As cold as … 3. As dead as a/an … 4. As gentle as a/an … 5. As hot as … 6. As old as the … 7. As sharp as a/an … 8. As smooth as … 9. As strong as a/an … 10. As wise as a/an … Activity 5 Match the beginnings and the endings to make the best metaphors. Love is … Life is … Death is … Marriage is … Time is … Discussion bat dodo hell hills ice lamb owl ox razor silk … a great healer. … a deep sleep. … an adventure. … an opportunity. … a joint enterprise. Do you use similes and metaphors in your language? Are any of the similes the same as the ones in English? You may have got some more interesting alternatives! 1. Love is an adventure. 2. Life is an opportunity. 3. Death is a deep sleep. 4. Marriage is a joint enterprise. 5. Time is a great healer. Activity 5 The original answers were: Activity 4 1. As blind as a bat; 2. As cold as ice; 3. As dead as the dodo; 4. As gentle as a lamb; 5. As hot as hell; 6. As old as the hills; 7. As sharp as a razor; 8. As smooth as silk; 9. As strong as an ox; 10. As wise as an owl Activity 3 1. j; 2. a; 3. f; 4. i; 5. h; 6. g; 7. e; 8. d; 9. c; 10. b Activity 2 1. True (T); 2. False (F); 3. F; 4. F; 5. T Activity 1 1. d; 2. a; 3. g; 4. c; 5. b; 6. e; 7. h; 8. f C is less powerful than J. J is less comfortable than E. C is more reliable than B. C is faster than E. C is safer than J. B is more powerful than E. C is more expensive than B. Puzzle B is slower than J. C is more comfortable than B. E is cheaper to run than B. E is cheaper than J. B is less safe than E. J is less reliable than E. C is less economical than J. Answers For more fun activities to help you learn English visit Send your feedback to © British Council 2016

Wednesday, December 13 2017 | NEW ERA | NEW ERA WORLD 17 British double murderer appeals Hong Kong conviction HONG KONG A British banker jailed for life for the horrifying murder of two Indonesian women at his upscale Hong Kong apartment in a cocaine-fuelled rampage appealed against his conviction yesterday. Cambridge University graduate Rurik Jutting tortured Sumarti parts of her ordeal on his phone -- before slashing her throat with body into a suitcase. Days later, and with Ningsih’s corpse on his balcony, the former Bank of America worker picked up Seneng Mujiasih, intending to play out the same fantasies. He killed her when she started screaming. Jutting, now 32, had pleaded guilty to manslaughter on the grounds of diminished responsibility but was found guilty of murder with the judge at the time describing the killings as “sicken- However, Jutting’s defence team Tuesday argued that judge Michael Stuart-Moore had repeatedly given wrong directions to the jury during the trial last year when explaining how they should determine whether his state of mind had impaired his responsibility for his actions. Defence lawyer Gerard Mc- Coy argued the judge had wrongly told the jury to look for mental broader spectrum of “abnormality “Abnormality of mind need the court Tuesday. “The judge has wrongly and prescriptively directed the jury that they should look for disorders because disorders are what is an The defence team during the trial had argued that Jutting’s mental responsibility had been substantially affected by heavy alcohol and cocaine use as well as sexual sadism and narcissistic personality disorders. Not all four medical experts behaviour met the criteria for a McCoy. Jutting was suffering from an abnormality of mind because he had impaired mental functioning, he added. “The ground of appeal is the judge wrongly directed the jury as to the true meaning of abnormal- Tuesday afternoon. - Nampa / AFP ugitive wins seat n Nepal parliament Namibia StaAgeny, P. O. Box 2133, Windhoeke, +264 61 431 3200 urning point… Communist Party Nepal-Union Marxist Leninist (CPN-UML) supporters take art in a victory rally in Kathmandu on December 12, 2017. Nepal’s Communist parties are olitical instability and disaster that have crippled the Himalayan country. Photo: Nampa/AFP KATHMANDU A fugitive wanted over a deadly attack on police won a seat in Nepal’s national parliament yesterday, despite being in hiding and not once appearing in public during his campaign. Resham Chaudhary won the seat from Kailali in western Nepal by a landslide, securing more than double the votes of his closest rival, according to results from the election commission. Chaudhary has been in hiding since 2015 when he was accused of masterminding an attack in a toddler were killed. “He is in our wanted list and we can arrest him even though he has been elected as a member said police spokesman Manoj Neupane. in violent protests that erupted in 2015 over a contentious new constitution. Ethnic minority groups from across Nepal’s southern lowlands took to the streets demanding changes to the charter, which they say leaves them politically marginalised. Around 50 people died in clashes between protesters and police that led to a blockade of the border with India and a crippling shortage of goods in landlocked Nepal. Chaudhary has previously denied masterminding the attack on police, which he described as But a parliamentary committee concluded the killings were premeditated, and a Human Rights Watch investigation found some protesters appeared to have come prepared for violence. The protest movements have lost momentum in recent years and many of their leaders have joined political parties. During his campaign, Chaudhary never once emerged from hiding. Instead he recorded a series of audio and video speeches that his supporters played on laptops at crowded rallies, according to local media. on the police’s wanted list has ended up in Nepal’s parliament. Shortly after being elected to parliament in 2013, Sanjay Sah was arrested for his role in a deadly bombing the year before. He is still in jail. Votes are still being counted following landmark national and provincial elections, which mark the end of the country’s tumultuous transition from monarchy to democracy 11 years after the end of a brutal civil war. Final results are expected by the end of the week, but an alliance of the two main communist parties has already won a strong majority. - NAMPA / AFP MUNICIPALITY OF GROOTFONTEIN NOTICE HR -01/17 VACANCY RE-ADVERTISEMENT STRATEGIC EXECUTIVE: TECHNICAL SERVICES (E1) B) KEY PERFORMANCE AREAS: C) - Enquiries: Sarie Hangara (067- 243101) CLOSING DATE: FRIDAY 22 December 2017 at 12:00

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New Era Newspaper Vol 22 No 167