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New Era Newspaper Wednesday February 7, 2018

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16 YOUTH CORNER Wednesday, February 7 2018 | NEW ERA The British Council is celebrating the diversity of Africa by bringing you this series of articles from around the continent to help you with your English language studies. Today we visit Botswana. Botswana: A poet’s story iStockPhoto Botswana QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS It seems that poetry is alive and well in Botswana. The Botswana Arts Hub – for example – provides a platform for all kinds of arts activities and features aspiring as well as established poets and writers. Poetry events like ‘Awakening Dreams’ take poets into schools where enthusiastic and talented young people can share creative ideas. One student, and keen poet, Katlo Gasewagale kindly agreed to talk to us about her life and poetry despite being right in the middle of her high school exams. Awakening Dreams. Photo credit: Kgogomodumo Arts Hub Hello Katlo, where are you right now? I am in Gaborone in my dorm room at Maru-a-pula High School. I am on my bed by an open window, funnily enough! When I look outside, I see trees and buildings in perfect harmony with each other’s existence. You love reading and poetry – so are you mainly studying arts subjects? Actually, I also have a great interest in the sciences - Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry. I also like Economics and Computing. Have you always been a literature enthusiast? Yes, I’ve always been an avid reader although it was - and still is – just a hobby for me. It all began when I was bored at home and started rummaging through the family collection of books. As a younger kid, fantasy stories appealed to me the most, but as time progressed, so did my taste in literature. Do you remember any particular books that inspired you? I remember that I read the play “The Chief’s Bride” by Desmond D. Phiri when I was about seven or eight years old. Even though I didn’t understand half of the words, the story made a lot of sense to me and it felt good enough to just read it. As the first book I ever completed, it opened doors for many more to come. When did you start to read and write poetry? My mother bought me a ticket to watch Exodus Live Poetry in Maitisong and I was immediately hooked. A year later she passed away, and naturally I turned to poetry for refuge. I first started writing poetry when I felt like I had a lot to say but there was nobody around to listen. Is there a lively literature scene where you live? Yes, I was in the audience for the Awakening Dreams event in my school when I first heard about the Arts Hub Botswana. The best thing about it is, it gives many talented Batswana (people of Botswana) a platform to broadcast themselves and awakens all those interested to the beauty of poetry and all other forms of art that are in the country. How do you see yourself and poetry in future? Poetry will always be a part of my life and I do not plan on changing that any time soon. I would not mind pursuing a major in Structural or Chemical Engineering, though I would love to see myself go far with poetry, even as far as being an internationally acclaimed ‘amateur poet’. LEARNING ACTIVITIES FACTS WORDSEARCH Activity 1 WESTERN SAHARA Literature can be divided into many different categories (or ‘genres’). Put these words into the correct column: SENEGAL poet / novel / science fiction / storyteller / poetry / author THE GAMBIA / play GUINEAfiction / novelist / writer / playwright / non-fiction / stories BISSAU GUINEA Kinds of literature non-fiction People who write MAURITIANIA Activity 2 Replace the underlined word(s) with another expression found in the text: 1. I am a very keen reader 2. As a child, I really enjoyed stories created from the imagination. 3. I became devoted to poetry after going to the event with my mother. 4. The Botswana Arts website gives writers and artists a place to show what they can do. Over to you Although she is a busy student planning to study science at university, Katlo reads and writes poetry with great enthusiasm. What about you? What kinds of literature do you enjoy reading or even writing? Have your interests changed as you have got older? Talk about this with a friend. SIERRA LEONE LIBERIA IVORY COAST MALI BURKINA FASO GHANA TOGO BENIN NIGER NIGERIA EQUIT GUINEA BOTSWANA CENTRAL AFRICAN REP POPULATION: 2,065,398 UGANDA GABON CAPITAL CITY: Gaborone RWANDA AREA: 581,730 km 2 CONGO BURUNDI CAMEROON CHAD ANGOLA NAMIBIA DR of CONGO SOUTH AFRICA ZAMBIA BOTSWANA SUDAN ZIMBABWE LESOTHO TANZANIA MALAWI ERITREA ETHIOPIA KENYA MOZAMBIQUE SWAZILAND DJIBOUTI SOMALIA MADAGASCAR S T R U C T U R E G A A H R L T N G K P P I B A N I C M W A O P R D R G X C T R E X H H R M P O E M T D Y N Y E O O U U R K M E E T A N L S Y Q E Q T S H M Y V MAURITIUS U C V L F Z F M S K E X P R E S S I O N Find these poetry-related terms in the grid. rhythm rhyme structure expression dreams poem poetry harmony Answers: Activity 1 Kinds of literature: non-fiction / novel / science fiction / poetry / play fiction / composition / stories People who write: poet / storyteller / author / writer / playwright. Activity 2 1. an avid reader; 2. fantasy stories; 3. I was hooked (by); 4. a platform To find out more visit Send your feedback to © British Council 2016 Brand and Design/B284

Wednesday, February 7 2018 | NEW ERA AFRICA 17 Buhari attacked by predecessors as elections loom LAGOS Ibrahim Babangida has become the latest former leader in Nigeria to criticise President Muhammadu Buhari, as elections approach and will stand again. The man who once described himself as Nigeria’s “evil genius” said in a statement issued on Sunday that “analogue” Buhari should make way for “digital” leaders. “There comes a time in life when personal ambition should not override national interest,” he added. Babangida, who ousted Buhari as military ruler in a bloodless coup in 1985, later distanced himself from the statement, which he attributed to his spokesman. He then put out another in his own name, calling on any realignment of forces to be lawful. Babangida’s intervention follows that of Olusegun Obasanjo - another former military ruler in the 1970s, who became the first civilian president when democracy was restored in 1999. He said last month that Buhari needed a “deserved rest” and had shown a poor grasp of the economy, foreign policy and Nigeria’s complex internal politics Many people in Nigeria have interpreted Babangida’s comments as support for Obasanjo, who has thrown his weight behind a new movement that could yet evolve into a political party. Nigerians go to the polls to choose a new president and parliament on February 16 next year. Politicians and their parties are already jostling for positions. Buhari, 75, was dogged by an is still expected to seek a second, four-year term. Commentator Chris Ngwodo an indication of growing opposition among prominent Nigerians to Buhari’s re-election. Buhari made history in 2015 candidate to unseat an incumbent president, securing national support in a country split between a Muslim north and Christian south. “The consensus that supported Buhari to win the popular vote in 2015 is falling apart,” said Ngwodo. “His support base, particularly from his military constituency, is no longer cohesive. If he runs, he is likely to face a more formidable challenge. It will not be an easy ride for him.” Obasanjo’s criticisms and both men were seen laughing and joking together at a recent African Union summit in Addis Ababa. There has been no formal response to Babangida. The criticisms of both may ring true for many voters, however, with Nigeria having only recently emerged from recession that has Muhammadu Buhari At the same time, it may give greater scrutiny to Buhari’s campaign pledges, in particular to get tough on security, with Boko Haram still active and new threats elsewhere. Buhari is also under pressure because of perceptions he has failed to act against his Fulani kinsmen, a herder community blamed for a wave of attacks against farmers. Ngwodo said Buhari - if he stands - will be judged on his record and that with a little over a year to go to the polls, there was still time for the opposition to mobilise. So far, only the governor of the southern state of Ekiti, Peter Fayose, and Obasanjo’s former vice-president, Atiku Abubakar, have declared their intention to run. Both are likely to struggle to gain the necessary support outside their respective regions, while their People’s Democratic Party (PDP) is weak and divided. Dapo Thomas, a history and politics lecturer at Lagos state university, said the status quo was likely to remain unaltered, unless Buhari’s health worsens. “The time is too short for a generational change in the leadership of Nigeria because the election is just a few months away,” he added. “You need time to plan and recruit the youth for leadership positions. It’s not something that can be addressed cosmetically but fundamentally and constitutionally.” Age and most importantly, money, have long been the main drivers in getting ahead in Nigerian politics, despite efforts to make politics more open to a younger generation. candidates was tough but they were unlikely to have the right “It’s not a bad idea to allow the youth to take over but it’s not what added. “Babangida still thinks like a military man. This is democracy, he should know we are no longer under a military rule, he said. - Nampa/AFP - Nampa/AFP Zuma out… Supporters of the African National Congress Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa hold placards and chant slogans outside the ANC party headquarters in Johannesburg, on Monday. JOHANNESBURG Top officials in South Africa’s ruling ANC party are divided over whether President Jacob Zuma should step down after multiple graft scandals, the party’s deputy secretary-general Jessie Duarte said yesterday. Zuma is due to deliver the annual state of the nation address to parliament in Cape Town tomorrow, despite growing calls for him to quit before the speech. The African National Congress’ national executive committee will meet today, OPUWO TOWN COUNCIL SALE OF IMMOVABLE OPUWO TOWN PROPERTY COUNCIL SALE OF IMMOVABLE PROPERTY The Opuwo Town Council intends to sell immovable property as indicated in the table below by way of private treaty in terms of section 63(2) (b) of the Local Authorities Act, Act 23 of 1992 as amended. Anyone wishing to object against the proposed transaction as set out below may do so in The writing Opuwo by submitting Town Council written intends objections, to sell with immovable the grounds property thereof, as indicated to the Acting in the Chief table below by way of private treaty in terms of section 63(2) (b) of the Local Authorities Act, Act 23 of 1992 as amended. Executive Officer, Opuwo Town Council, P.O Box 294, Opuwo on or before 26 February 2018. Name of Erf No Size Location Zoning Purchase Price applicant (sqm) Opuwo Property Portion A 10 000 Farm Opuwo Undetermined N$ 563 969.35 Developer CC Townlands Extension No. 1115 Anyone Maps with wishing all the to relevant object against information the proposed with respect transaction to the portion as set thereof out below are available may do so for in writing by submitting inspection written at the objections, offices of the with Opuwo the grounds Town Council, thereof, during to the Acting working Chief days, from 08:00 to 17:00. Enquiries: Mr. Eric N. Muleko Property Officer Maps with all Tel:065 the relevant 273007 information with respect to the portion thereof are available for inspection at Enquiries: ANC divided on Zuma’s fate - party official hours before the address. The 80-member national executive committee is the ANC’s highest decision-making body and could “recall” Zuma from the post of president - though he may also refuse to comply. A separate committee of the Johannesburg on Monday and “discussed the issue surrounding the future of President Jacob Zuma,” Duarte told reporters. “It was discussed at a great deal of length. I can say to you that there are different views. “What we are hoping for is that the NEC (national executive committee) will emerge with a united view on this matter and that once we have done so we will inform South Africans what that view is.” Many ANC members are pushing for Cyril Ramaphosa, the new head of the party, to replace Zuma, 75, as president immediately. But Zuma loyalists have said that the serving president should when elections are held next year. - Nampa/AFP

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New Era Newspaper Vol 22 No 167