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New Era Newspaper Wednesday February 7, 2018

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8 COLUMN Wednesday, February 7 2018 | NEW ERA ‘I shall die honestly’ The Case for Ancestral Land STRIDES with Uncle Bob Kandetu The debate on whether there is ancestral land in Namibia and whether anyone in this country has the right to claim ancestral land has ebbed and pressure to recede for good in the face of contemporary antagonism from sections of Namibia’s political life. The pervasive view among casual readers of Namibia’s history holds that Namibia is forever free and that all must enjoy the fruits of independence, after all colonialism will never return to Namibia. These casual readers of Namibia’s history further hold that discussions on ancestral land and German Genocide are in bad taste as they are tantamount to invoking a return to Bantustan. The debate lingers and has refused to evaporate for as long as someone sits on land expropriated from someone whose descendants wander on a forced march to nowhere, for they have no dwelling place and nothing to call their own. There is a case for ancestral land in Namibia with ample evidence to this effect. These are some of the examples. Katjitamuaha Zaire was discovered by German families who had come to settle on the traditional habitat of the Zaire dynasty. This was a twelve year old boy who was abandoned by fate in the rocky surroundings of Otjituezu that formed rural Otjomuise, present day Windhoek. the boy on foot and on the second day they chased him with horses until they captured him. Katjitamuaha was tamed by these German settlers and converted into a cattle herder. Years along his life, Katjitamuaha was booted out of Otjituezu which was by then ring-fenced as Crown Land into Farm Voightz Land, because the numbers of his cattle were not acceptable. He either had to sell to the German family or move out. He moved with his family to the newly proclaimed Otjimbingue Reservaat from where he later moved to Ovitoto, from where the German settlers of Farm Voightz Land rediscovered him and persuaded him to return to the farm to work, minus his cattle. Katjitamuaha consented and returned to the farm, he worked there until his last day alive. The only property he has on Otjituezu is a one hectare piece of land where he was buried and where we have returned on numerous occasions to bury his descendants. He gave birth to prominent Ovaherero leaders, Katjiukirue Zaire and Luther Zaire, both who are entered on the said piece of land. Among Katjiukirue Zaire’s living children feature Tamunee, Ukasuva, Tiree and Ndjai Zaire. These children continue to farm in Ovitoto Reservaat, safe for Ndjai who bought a farm. Voightz Land is ancestral land. Ngatajosi descends from a famous Ngatajosi family that lived in the Osire area of Hereroland before the German crown had expropriated and transformed the area into German Crown land. During the German campaign whole Ovaherero families were rounded up and locked into concentration camps. A few years later these camps were opened up and many of the survivors were let go. The Ngatajosi family returned to the area they used to inhabit. The area was ring-fenced into a farm with a windmill and modern kraals and the land was allocated to a German settler. When the family arrived at the farm after walking for days, the German settler spoke to them through an interpreter. He told them that this place belonged to Kaiser Wilhelm and he was protecting the farm for the Kaiser. While the elders were interacting the children had recognized their cattle and were playing with their names. The settler enquired what the children were doing and the father of the children told the settler that they recognized their animals. The settler said that it was a lie. The family was given a spot underneath a tree to spend the night. The next morning the Ngatajosi family were given instruction to move on, forced on a march from their land to nowhere. Osire area is ancestral land. The Mungendje family decided to bury Katjiritja Mungendje on farm Otjombuindja west of Okahandja. Otjomuindja was traditional habitat of the Mungendje and Mungunda families long before they were expropriated from them by imperial Germany. Otjombuindja is ancestral land. Okakango on the edges of the Okahandja River has been habitat to the Rukoro and Katjiuongua families long before the German stampede and these families were forced off the land through the German land expropriation decrees of 1905. Okakango is ancestral land Hornkranz was traditional settlement of the Witboois from time immemorial. One early morning in 1905, the German troops under the command of Curt von François attacked the unsuspecting nation. During this raid, this settlement was leveled to the ground, women and children were maimed. Witbooi survived to dash him away under the cover of darkness and pushed him into a rock opening, from where he helplessly watched as the German soldiers destroyed his people. He saw in disbelieve as a German soldier executed in thieve-dog style, his paralyzed twelve year old son, who could only coil on the ground. The Witboois were forced onto a march to nowhere. Later Theodor Leutwein would write a letter to Hendrik Witbooi, imploring latter to surrender. Witbooi replied and reassured He said, “I shall die honestly for that which is mine”. Witbooi’s words were prophetic because years later he died of a German bullet while he inspected the area of Vaalgras on horse-back. His comrades buried him at a place yet to be discovered. Hornkranz is ancestral land. There are many accounts that bear testimony, that virtually all of central Namibia is ancestral land. These areas were expropriated by Germany, carved up into farms and distributed to German settlers, missionaries and German soldiers. In this way, the Nama, Ovaherero, San and Damaras lost their traditional habitat, their ancestral land. In December 1905, Kaiser Wilhelm issued a decree to expropriate all of Hereroland. On May 8 th 1907 Kaizer Wilhelm issued a decree expropriating all of Namaland, with the exception of Berseba and Warmbad. By the end of 1908, the German Government had acquired a total of 46 million hectares of land that was property of the Namas, Herero, Damara and the San people. defeated at the cutting edge Ohamakari battle and pushed into German history of the battle concluded in part as follows: ”The hasty exit of the Herero would seal his fate; the environment of his own country was to bring about his own extermination in a way that no German weapon, even in the most bloody or deadly battle ever could. The death rattle and curious cry of insanity echoed in the exalted silence of eternity. The Herero indictment has come to an end and they have ceased to exist as an independent people.” This citation is accurate in that, both Ovaherero and Nama lost all land and have become at best seasonal workers on farms that were carved out of the land that once was natural habitat to their forebearers. And if we depart from the fact that 46 million hectares were purposefully expropriated by the German regime through decrees promulgated by Kaiser Wilhelm, it goes without saying that all of present day central Namibia rests on ancestral land. The role of the youth in sustainable development Sustainable development is the application of process and systems that ensure a developmental activity can be maintained in terms of reaping positive reward for years to come. The role of youth in a development is to be evaluators and be implementers of every system be it at political or economical. In order to do this, the youth must be mentally geared, possessing correct meaning, vision and acceptable behaviour. Youths who are an integral part of the development process and as such need to be a driving force in social, economic and political changes. They should be of a curious mind, willing to understand their environment and synergize with it while proposing innovation as is required. Innovation is the backbone of all development, and the youth, by nature of their being exposed to new ideas and forward thinking, should be proponents of such ideas. It is imperative that Namibian, in and out of school youths should have mission and goals in cohesion with the National agenda. The behaviour portrayed by some present youths can best be described as that of a person who jumps upwards and then starts looking for somewhere to land on. This is retroactive in execution and is the reason while many youth driven initiatives falter. Therefore, the energy that the youths have must be focused, aimed with a vision and objective as they are the builders of their own future. The Ministry of Youth, Sport &National Service has been created by the government to stimulate the activities of the youth in various arenas, through skills provision and empowerment activities to allow the youth galvanise themselves to tackle challenges and bring real world solutions and innovations to the fore. The National Youth council was also created to empower such activities, as an umbrella to go into the region and stimulate youth forums even on a constituency level. The youth must use these agencies as well as acquainting themselves with the resources the government has placed at their disposal. They should be conversant in the provisions made in NDP5, the Harambee Prosperity Plan (HPP) as well as Vision 2030. To take if further to the grassroots, comprehensive knowledge of their local and regional strategic plans is a must. This knowledge will empower thinking in the right direction. Economic knowledge is also a core ingredient in the growth of youth and youth initiatives. The youth must acquaint themselves with funding programs, schemes that empower youth driven activities. The Harambee Prosperity enterprise development as a core facet of the plan. Implying government and the private sector is more than willing to engage well set out proposals that show clear viability and guarantee the development. Youth should be introspective, instead of looking for whom to place blame upon. They should be part of the solution, not part of the problem. They should look at how to positively impact the nation. A sound democratic process is also bedrock for sustainable development. The youth should be of the nation and guaranteeing the futures. The youth as young and energetic people strengthen democracy, as they carry the torch to future generations. They should be participatory, in line with channels the government has opened for engagement. In conclusion The youth is a critical facet of any nation willing to establish sustainable development. Therefore, to be a part of this sustainable drive, research on the countries laws and policies, understandings of the way things work and introspection will empower our youth to aid in making Namibia great. As I conclude allow me to read quote former South Africa president Nelson Mandela “The past is our lesson, the present our gift, the future our motivation.” By working together as a nation we can do more to move Namibia to reach higher and greater unforeseen heights that to come. Reverend Jan A. Scholtz is the Regional Councillor of !Nami#nus Constituency and has 16 years’ experience working at the Ministry of Youth and Sport from 1994-2010, with a diploma in youth work and development from the University of Zambia (Unza).

NEW ERA YouTube Kids app still showing disturbing videos Page 10 Bradlows Okahandja deals with serious challenges Page 11 INSIDE BUSINESS This news is your business World markets dive as investor panic spreads LONDON across the world yesterday, with Asia and Europe plunging after record-breaking losses on Wall Street, as investors fretted over the prospect of rising US interest rates months of markets euphoria. The selloff began last Friday when bright US non-farm payrolls data sparked fears year - and that the Federal Reserve will be forced to raise borrowing costs more quickly than anticipated. In opening trade yesterday, European stock markets collapsed by about 3.5 percent, mirroring dramatic falls across Asia. “It’s not doom and gloom, and it’s not financial markets Armageddon; it’s just a much needed and much overdue correction,” AxiTrader analyst James Hughes told AFP. “There are four stages of a fall: hope, greed, panic and fear. We are not at fear, but we are at panic at the moment - which is only natural after a 1,175-point fall.” New York’s Dow Jones Industrial Average saw its steepest ever one-day point drop on Monday, shedding a total of 1,175.20 points or a hefty 4.6 percent in value. And 10-year US Treasury yields are still hovering at four-year peaks. European markets later trimmed their gains on Tuesday to stand about 1.5 percent lower compared with Monday’s closing level. “Markets usually grind to the upside, but fall like a rock,” said analyst Naeem Aslam at “Traders have been looking at the market for the past year moving in one direction, which was skewed, to the upside. Now, it’s time for the bears to take their revenge.” Prior to this week’s chaotic selloff, Wall Street had enjoyed an impressive record-breaking run ever since Trump’s 2016 election on hopes over the US president’s probusiness tax-cutting policies. Asia and Europe had meanwhile reaped bumper gains from the improving economic outlook. “If investors had been waiting for an opportu- pect of higher than expected the Fed provided just that,” added Richard Hunter, head of markets at online stockbroker Interactive Investor. “Rising interest rates, whilst potentially good news for savers, increase the cost of borrowing and the possibility of loan defaults,” he told AFP. - NAMPA/AFP SACU work programme should be timely: Khama WINDHOEK The President of Botswana, Lieutenant-General Seretse Khama Ian Khama, has urged the Southern African Customs Union (SACU) secretariat to implement its work programmes efficiently and within the agreed timelines. Khama, the Chairperson of SACU, urged the secretariat here on Monday to support each member state with the implementation of programmes set to reach its vision and mission, to help drive the economies of all member countries equitably. “Your dedication and hard work as a secretariat is acknowledged as it continues to provide sig- ber states during their meetings,” Khama said. Khama further assured Botswana’s commitment to SACU as member state in supporting the secretariat at all levels. Speaking at the same event, SACU Executive Secretary, Paulina Elago noted that the implementation of programmes presently ongoing are guided by the Regional ties …SACU Executive Secretary, Paulina Elago and President of Botswana, Lieutenant-General Seretse Khama Ian Khama, during Monday’s visit to the SACU headquarters in Windhoek. Photo: NAMPA timelines as agreed in the Schedule of Implementation and Work Programme for Ministerial Task Teams and on Finance. The programmes endorsed by the 5th SACU Summit in June 2017, include the review and development of a suitable architecture for tariff-setting, rebates, duty drawbacks and trade remedies. It further endorsed the review of the revenue sharing formula and the long-term management of the common revenue pool as well as establishing a stabilisation fund and exploring the feasibility of a regional industrialisation. “I believe that SACU can play an important role in supporting the economies of the member states as well as deepen regional integration trade in general,” said Elago. Botswana will host the 6th SACU Summit scheduled for June this year. -NAMPA Best in Africa … NCCI applauded the excellent global rating on the quality of Namibia’s road infrastructure. Photo: Contributed NCCI applauds GRN on quality roads ranking Staff Reporter Windhoek The Namibia Chamber of Commerce a n d I n d u s t r y (NCCI) has welcomed the “excellent” ratings by the Global Competitiveness Report, published annually by the World Economic Forum on the quality road infrastructure of Namibia. The 2017-2018 rating has placed Namibia at the 31st position amongst 137 countries and maintained its top position among the best 10 in Africa. Namibia ranked at 23rd position in the 2016-2017 report among 138 countries and topped the list of the best 10 in Africa. These ratings mean that Namibia is amongst the countries with the best road infrastructure in the world and at current position, even beats some of the giant economies like China at 42nd position, Italy at 45, India at 55 and Brazil at 103. The NCCI notes that this rating is a result of the past consistent investments and efforts made by Government in line with Vision 2030 ;and it goes to show that when there is a vision to be achieved which is well articulated and backed up by all concerned, then it is possible for a small country like Namibia to attain higher levels of excellence. “This ranking should be viewed as a very our well-planned investments which the Government has been making over the years. This is a welcome development considering that quality road infrastructure has long been believed to be a cornerstone of the economy as it promotes and enhances mobility of people and goods – a critical ingredient to economic growth,” read a statement from NCCI. “There are several other benefits derived from quality road infrastructure that can be listed in this regard, however, the NCCI profoundly commends Government cantly invest in the quality of our road infrastructure to improve the country’s overall competitiveness. The NCCI is cognizant of the fact that such success is also attributed to the invaluable input by the esteemed local industry stakeholders that have joined hands with Government to ensure that Namibia achieves such great success and we would like to equally applaud all of them for such contribution,” stated the NCCI. The Chamber added that government and the private sector should work closely together through public private partnerships to maintain transport and logistics infrastructure in order to stimulate increased economic activities. “As Namibia’s premier voice of business, we would like to urge that the good work and collaboration that has existed between Government and the private sector continues in the future. It is our strongest belief that more success in this area and beyond will be achieved in the coming years if such strong partnerships prevail. We as the Chamber will continuously endeavour to encourage all our constituencies to rally behind Government in investing in both quality road and railway infrastructure because this will ensure that Namibia achieves its full potential, particularly in view of our ambitious dream to become the region’s logistics hub,” NCCI concluded.

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New Era Newspaper Vol 22 No 167